Kegel recreation lane pattern

Kegel recreation lane pattern DEFAULT

Many people think bowling is as simple as throwing a ball down the lane targeting the pins.

And once a bowler got a high score say 210 or more, he’ll be like ” I got 210 once, I can compete and beat a pro bowler or maybe become a PBA member.”

I know it sounds weird that bowling is not all about the ball you’re carrying and everything else is always the same (the lane and the pins).

Sorry to say it, but bowling is not as easy as it looks.
Every bowler has a unique way to bowl, things that could affect bowling are:

  • The Arm swing.
  • How the ball is Released (Release Technique).
  • The bowling ball material also plays a major role.
    For Example, A plastic house ball will hook much less than a reactive resin ball.

But still, yet, that’s not all. Other than how bowlers are unique with their way of approach and equipment. What makes bowling as competitive as it is today is that there’s always a layer of oil that makes every single lane different from the other.

Why Oil?

In the early days of bowling, oil conditioner was applied to the lane as a barrier to protect the surface from damage over years of use.

As lacquer, polyurethane and synthetic surfaces became more popular, oil became part of the sport.

There are lots of different oil patterns. In fact, there are millions of combinations of oil distance, volume, and placement that will multiply when factors like lane surface, viscosity, and weather are added to the equation.

History of the Bowling Oil Patterns

Back in the days, oil was applied to the lanes using a spray gun. The laneman would be walking back and forth spraying oil. Then, he would drag the oil from the foul line to wherever he needed it to go.

Lanemen were pretty consistent but if for any reason he wasn’t available, the substitute wouldn’t be as good and the lanes will drastically differ.

In the 1980’s automated machines were becoming more popular. Known as wick machines, they “wicked” the oil from a tank. The oil then went on to a transfer roller which touched a buffer brush. That buffer brush was what touched the lane.

At that time, the temperature had a lot to do with how the oil lane behaved. If it was hot, the viscosity of the oil decreased and the oil became “thinner”. If it was cold, the viscosity of the oil increased and the oil became “thicker”.

Thicker oil means that it is harder to get through the wick, roller, and onto the buffer brush leading to less oil being applied on the lane.

On the other hand, if the oil was thinner, this means that more oil passed through the wick, roller, and onto the buffer brush leading to more oil being applied on the lane.

So the shape of the pattern would be the same but the volume of oil on the lane will differ.

The first combination cleaning/oiling machine appeared in the 90’s. The Kegel machine, for example, works kind of like a laser printer. The printer head goes back and forth putting letters on a piece of paper. With the Kegel machine, the oil head goes back and forth depositing a precise amount of oil across a defined area. Each pass is known as a “load”. Also, the machine can travel at different speeds so if the machine goes quickly down the lane, less oil is being applied and if it travels slowly, more oil is being applied.

Today, bowlers must continuously adjust their strategies and methods to get the best result facing the oil pattern they’re playing on.
Oil patterns affect the bowling balls reaction as it goes down the lane and you need it to help control how much your ball hooks and to help you strike consistently.

A perfect 300 game is achieved by knowing how to make the right moves at the right time, not just repeating shots.

The lane oil consistently changes with every shot so staying “ahead” of the lanes as they go through transition is key to perfection.


Kegel Oil Patterns

Kegel is the Official Lane Maintenance Company for the WTBA, ABF, ETBF, PABCON, and USBC.

Kegel has a very wide variety of oil patterns. (Check out their Library)

Kegel Bowling Oil Patterns Difficulty

The background colors and the road figures represent the level of difficulty for the series.

Landmark Patterns

Kegel Oil Landmark Patterns

Navigation Patterns

Kegel Oil Navigation Patterns

Other than Kegel, the PBA is one of the most challenging bowling tournaments and rankings worldwide so knowing their oil patterns is always a benefit.

PBA Bowling Oil Patterns Diagrams

Bowling Oil Patterns Explained

Understanding Bowling Oil Patterns

Before playing, you really need to know how much of the lane is covered in oil.

“The longer the pattern, the less your ball can hook.”

Knowing the pattern distance can help determine where the ball needs to be when it reacts toward the pocket.

The Rule of 31:

Steps:

  1. Know the Oil Pattern Length.
  2. Subtract 31 from the Oil Pattern Length.

Example: The lane is covered by 41ft. of oil.
41ft – 31 = 10

Okay, what does this mean?
The result you get is where your ball needs to be when it breaks toward the pocket (in this case, the 10 Board).

How to Read a Bowling Oil Pattern Sheet

Other than only the basic Rule of 31 mentioned above, there are other things that you have to look at when bowling.

How to Adjust to Different Bowling Oil Patterns

Usually, when you bowl at the local center, you’re probably bowling on the typical “House Pattern” it might slightly vary from one center to another but the concept is the same.

The House Pattern is designed to give you a larger margin of error.

Have you ever missed your target by boards to the left or right but still got a strike? Probably you did.

The reason you still strike is that there is a lot of oil in the middle part of the lane and very little on the outside part. If you are a right-handed bowler and miss your mark to the left, the extra oil toward the middle of the lane helps the ball hold position and not hook too much. If you miss to the right, there is less oil and the ball hooks more, allowing it to get back to the pocket.

So basically, if you miss, either way, the oil pattern will do its best to get your ball back to hit the pocket.

Professional bowlers or the PBA, use a “sports pattern” where the margin of error is very small, which means that you must hit the correct target every time in order to strike consistently.

On a Sports pattern, the oil is distributed more evenly across the lane. If a right-hander misses to the left, the ball will hook just as much making the ball miss the head pin to the left. There is also much more oil on the outside part of the lane, too, so a wrong shot to the right might make the ball even slide into the gutter!

If you throw you shot and realized that your ball isn’t hitting the target you intended due to the oil on the lane, you have two options:

  1. You can adjust your stance and just move your feet to the left or right by the number of boards that you missed and target the same spot. And hope that your adjustment should help and correct the error.
  2. You can completely change your style to match the lane conditions.

For example, if the lane is wet (has a lot of oil), you can bowl a straighter shot into the middle making the ball have only a small range of hook.
Or, if the lane is dry (has little oil), you can give it more speed or target more to the outside making the ball properly hook back to the pocket.

Most bowlers don’t like to adjust their technique and will go with the first option. But that is a personal preference and you should do what suits you best.

As mentioned before, that other than only where you stand and how you throw the ball; the bowling ball itself will play a major role in how it reacts on the lane.


Now that you know a little bit more about bowling oil patterns, try to concentrate and keep these things in mind the next time you bowl.

Always keep in mind that practice makes perfect, and try to always read the lane before starting the league or tournament session.

If you are able to master this, well my friend, you are well on the way to being a professional.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

✅ What are oil patterns in bowling?

Everybody knows oil is spread on the lane, but it isn’t spread evenly across the lane. Typically, you will find more oil in the middle than on the outsides (known as the house pattern).

✅ What are the common oil patterns that bowling alleys use?

Most bowling alleys use the house pattern, though it can sometimes vary from house to house. Typically, this means that you will find more oil in the middle and less on the sides.

✅ Why was oil originally used?

Back then, oil was used to protect the surface of the bowling lane, as it would leave marks and shoot straight to the gutter. Oil helps control your shot and how much your ball hooks.

Related Resources

Sours: https://bestofbowling.com/bowling-oil-patterns/

House Oil Pattern

Quick Info

Length: 32 feet (buffed to 40 feet)
Oil Volume: Moderate

Description

The house pattern is the standard oil pattern you’ll find in any bowling center. While it might vary slightly from house to house, the general idea is the same: more oil in the middle and less on the outside (between the 10 board and gutter).

The specifications above are not necessarily the same at every house, but it's a good general rule for a house pattern to be 32 feet in length, buffed to 40, with just enough oil to help but not so much to hurt. Usually, a house oil pattern is designed to help bowlers score high, which is why it's placed on the lanes for open bowling and why more competitive leagues use more challenging lane conditions in a competition.

It wouldn't be practical to leave a bowling center open to the public with no oil on the lanes, and not only does a house oil pattern help players score better, it also helps proprietors dress the lanes without having got use too much oil, thus saving on costs.

How to Play the Pattern

The house pattern is designed to be forgiving. Since complete novices are using this pattern during open bowling, a bowling center operator doesn’t want to make things hard on them and risk losing business. The theory is, if novice and burgeoning bowlers are able to score higher, they will keep returning for more. Then, if someone decides to get serious about bowling, he or she will step up to tougher conditions.

Since there’s very little oil outside the 10 board, the lanes are very forgiving if you miss to the outside. There’s plenty of time for the ball to recover and plenty of friction for the ball to grab the lane and get back to the pocket. Likewise, with the extra oil in the middle, if you miss to the inside, the oil will let the ball carry farther down the lane before picking up some traction at the end. Either way, you miss, the pattern will do its best to get your ball to the pocket.

At high levels of bowling, players are always trying to create miss room for themselves. That is, they want to move the oil around the lane in such a way that if they make a physical mistake (missing left or missing right, specifically), the lane conditions will help make up for that mistake and result in a strike anyway. The house pattern is designed to essentially create that miss room in itself.

Regardless, you should always throw some practice frames to figure out how the lane is playing that night. Since everyone from league bowlers to five-year-old kids use these lanes, the oil can be erratic. Sometimes it’s better to play inside (aim at or near the third arrow), sometimes outside (second arrow). Once you figure it out, get ready for high scores.

You may have noticed the phrase "buffed to 40 feet" above. This means the oil is applied over the first 32 feet of the lane, then buffed onto an additional eight feet. If the lane was oiled the length of 40 feet, too much oil would be pushed down the lane, resulting in very frustrating conditions for the novice bowler.

Watch Now: Dealing with Changing Bowling Lane Conditions

Sours: https://www.liveabout.com/house-oil-pattern-420807
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Kegel creates a series of different types of oil patterns: the 'Kegel Navigation Patterns'

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2005USBCKLMPKegel.jpgLake Wales, Fla. based Kegelcompany has created the 'Kegel Navigation Patterns'to educate and increase awareness about different types of oil patterns as well as help the bowling center proprietors, mechanics and tournament organizers provide their customers with some other quality pattern options.

Until now, there have not been many pattern choices or a difficulty level between 'House' and 'USBC Sport Bowling' patterns. USBC's Sport Bowling is a good description of difficulty but the definition of 'House' only means what bowling has given to it.

ColumnistTedThompson.jpg"At Kegel we realize everyone is searching for some kind of direction," said Kegel's Ted Thompson.

"Creating oil patterns that are very easy is not too difficult. Creating oil patterns that are very tough is also not too difficult. Creating oil patterns that are challenging but not cruel to the bowlers however is very difficult.

"For this reason, as well as the lack of available medium type patterns, we have taken a few of the more successful patterns used in high level events and tweaked them to fit into that medium difficulty range.

"This medium difficulty level we created is the Challenge Series of oil patterns. We feel it will be the most embraced where participants want something more challenging than house (Recreation) patterns but not so difficult as World Championship or professional type patterns that adhere to USBC Sport Bowling parameters. "


All of the Kegel Navigation Patterns are grouped and separated by three levels of difficulty; Sport, Challenge and Recreation.

The Kegel Recreation Series of oil patterns are ratios of 5:1 or greater, the Kegel Challenge Series oil patterns are ratios between 3:1 - 5:1 and climbing to the top of the ladder, all Kegel Sport Series oil patterns are USBC Sport Bowling compliant which adhere to ratios of 3:1 or less.

The Kegel Navigation Patterns are available in Kegel's Pattern Library on www.kegel.net to view and download for free while Kegel's award winning Technical Support department, Lane Maintenance Central, will be available for questions and to assist in setting up these patterns in your bowling center for your customers.



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KNPColorsansRoadFigures.jpg

The background colors and the road figures represent the level of difficulty for the series.




KNPKode.jpg

The 'KODE' of the pattern is a quick reference guide to the technical details of each pattern.

You'll notice four numbers above the category reference.

The first two numbers represent the ratio of the pattern per USBC Sport Bowling parameters. In the example, the number 28 tells us the pattern has a side-to-side ratio of 2.8 to 1 at the 22' mark.

The second two numbers represent the distance of the pattern. In the example, the number 39 tells us the pattern is 39 feet long.




KNPSportIcon.jpg



KNPSport_Boardwalk.jpg Boardwalk - 2435
Based upon the 2000 PBA Indianapolis Open pattern which was created by Kegel, this pattern is designed to play towards the edge board. Because of the relatively short 35 foot length of the BOARDWALK, players will need to control the excessive change of direction of the bowling ball as it enters the 25 feet of dry backend. Since lanes do have many topographical differences, on some lanes the BOARDWALK will require a more direct route to the pocket while other lane characteristics may allow players to swing the ball to the edge board. Like all wooden walkways, this pattern can provide great excitement but stray too far off the BOARDWALK and you’ll find yourself in the moat!



KNPSport_WindingRoad.jpg Winding Road - 2839
This oil pattern uses a distance of 39 feet with very little downlane help to guide the ball into the pocket. Because of the lower ratios towards the end of pattern, the greatest factor on how the WINDING ROAD will play is the lane surface and how the bowlers breakdown the pattern. The WINDING ROAD could play more inside or it could play more outside but the player who figures it out will straighten out the WINDING ROAD!



KNPSport_HighwaytoHell.jpg Highway To Hell - 2340
This 40 foot pattern is the flattest of the group and therefore can be the most difficult. With an increased amount of conditioner outside, the HIGHWAY TO HELL is a low latitude ratio pattern with very little left to right shape to help guide the bowling ball towards the pocket. Each player will have to decide and make sense of their ball reaction to decide what’s best for them to find their way down the HIGHWAY TO HELL!



KNPSport_DeadMansCurve.jpg Dead Man’s Curve - 3043
This 43 foot pattern has more out of bounds than most patterns because of the increased application of conditioner on the forward pass. With a slight increase slope of oil from the tenth board to the fourteenth board on the return pass, the goal of the player is to target along those boards of extra conditioner without swinging the ball too much towards the outside part of the lane. Players who try to excessively curve the ball with too much speed will find DEAD MAN’S CURVE hazardous to their score.




KNPChallengeIcon.jpg



KNPChallenge_Broadway.jpg Broadway - 4537
This 37 foot pattern is named after the wide open street in Manhattan called BROADWAY, which ironically originates at a park called Bowling Green. BROADWAY was originally translated from the Dutch name of ‘Breede weg’ because of its location in New Amsterdam. Because of the medium short length of this pattern and light volume of conditioner towards the outside portion of the lane, players can arrive to the pocket on the BROADWAY from multiple directions.



KNPChallenge_MiddleRoad.jpg Middle Road - 4239
In political terms, this pattern is centrism in nature because the characteristics lie between the extremes of having to play too far to the right or too far to the left. The MIDDLE ROAD is a 39 foot pattern that is moderately challenging; it’s not too easy nor is it not too tough. The best mindset and line for this pattern is usually somewhere near the middle of the road.



KNPChallenge_BeatenPath.jpg Beaten Path - 3141
This 41 foot pattern is much like the MIDDLE ROAD but two feet longer. Because of this added length, the options of attack will be a little more limited and the pattern will usually play where the most worn or highest friction part of the lane surface is. The players who excel in reading the lanes will easily find the BEATEN PATH and make this pattern look relatively easy. If you veer too far off the BEATEN PATH, it will play more difficult.



KNPChallenge_Route66.jpg Route 66 - 4345
As one the longest roads in America, so is this pattern in the series. At 45 feet in length, and as with most long oil patterns, the optimum line is usually one that is closer to the pocket or more towards the inside portion of the lane. The greatest slope of conditioner on the ROUTE 66 is from the 11th board to the 16th board so players should target along this route. Outside of that slope, the pattern is flat so there will be very little room for error.




KNPRecreationIcon.jpg



KNPRecreation_EasyStreet.jpg Easy Street - 7938
Because of the medium distance of this pattern, it is favorable to many different styles and ball choices. Bowlers with higher rev rates can easily swing the ball and bowlers with lower rev rates can play more direct. This pattern is just like walking down EASY STREET with no worries on a nice summer day.



KNPRecreation_WallStreet.jpg Wall Street - 7240
Unlike WALL STREET of today, this 40 foot pattern yields no surprises and is defined heavily at the 10th board. To be successful on the WALL STREET, we advise you to place your position near the big dot and bowl over the second arrow so your scores will flourish!



KNPRecreation_MainStreet.jpg Main Street - 7241
This 41 foot pattern is typical of the many house shots used across the USA. Using a slight blend, the MAIN STREET is a pattern that enables many different styles to score while socializing and hanging out with friends.



KNPRecreation_HighStreet.jpg High Street - 8144
At 44 feet in length, the oil line is very high and extends far down lane giving hold area like no other pattern in the series. Players will have to target along the highest point of oil much longer to prosper on the HIGH STREET.



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Sours: https://www.bowlingdigital.com/bowl/node/3625

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Recreation pattern kegel lane

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Kegel Element Patterns - Sport Series

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