What channel is televisa

What channel is televisa DEFAULT

List of television stations in Mexico

Wikimedia list article

Cerro del Cuatro in Guadalajara. Most Mexican television stations transmit from mountains like this one, to increase signal coverage.

Mexico has 872 separately licensed television stations authorized by the Federal Telecommunications Institute.[1][2][3]

Commercial stations are primarily operated by Televisa, TV Azteca, Grupo Imagen, Grupo Multimedios and their affiliate partners. There are seven major national commercial channels, two of which are almost exclusively available over-the-air as subchannels:[4]

There are also local stations with independent programs, stations and subchannels carrying Televisa's Nu9ve network which commonly shares time with local programming, and Televisa Regional stations, which incorporate programming from various Televisa networks alongside local news and magazine programs. Multimedios Televisión operates a regional network concentrated in northeastern Mexico, and a handful of independent stations operate primarily in regions along the border.

Noncommercial stations are divided into public and social concessions. Public concessions are predominantly owned by federal and state governments and public institutions of higher education. The two largest public networks are Canal Once, owned by the Instituto Politécnico Nacional, and the multiplexed transmitter network of the Sistema Público de Radiodifusión del Estado Mexicano (SPR), which offers multiple public television services. 27 of the 32 states also operate their own state networks, some of which have dozens of low-power transmitters. Social concessions are held by private universities, civil associations, and some individuals.

In addition, due to Mexico's rugged terrain, many stations operate low-powered, mostly co-channel translators (legally known as equipos complementarios de zona de sombra) to serve areas shielded by terrain, to improve signal reception in fringe areas, or (in some cases) to serve completely different television markets. Translators may be in different states from their parent stations; a handful even operate as local stations in their own right with their own local programs.

The list demonstrates the legacy of large television station concessions awarded in the 1980s and early 1990s. The two most notable of these were awarded to Televisa; the 1982 concession of 95 television stations in small communities is responsible for the bulk of the Canal de las Estrellas network, while the concession of 62 stations to Radiotelevisora de México Norte, a subsidiary of Televisa, was awarded in the early 1990s and expanded the Canal 5 and Gala TV networks. Since the conversion to digital, Televisa and Azteca have multiplexed transmitters in rural areas, bringing full national network service to smaller communities for the first time.

In March 2015, Grupo Imagen (under the name Cadena Tres I, S.A. de C.V.) and Grupo Radio Centro won concessions for 123 new television stations each, forming two new national television networks. The new networks must meet a minimum coverage standard set by the IFT for 2018 and reach full national coverage by 2020.[6] However, Grupo Radio Centro refused to pay its winning bid of 3.058 billion pesos and thus had its concession revoked.[7] Imagen's network, Imagen Televisión, launched on October 17, 2016 with a presence in nearly every state.

Analog stations were shut off beginning on July 18, 2013, with a pilot transition in Tijuana. In 2015, stations went digital-only throughout the country on 10 dates. Some 129 analog television stations owned by noncommercial entities, such as state governments, and another 368 repeaters of primarily Televisa stations, received exemptions to delay their transition until December 31, 2016.

Virtual channels were assigned by the IFT in 2016, unifying most transmitters of national networks under one number and ending decades of old analog channel numbers. In some cases, local stations were required to find new virtual channels.

This list is complete and up to date as of March 2016.


This section is transcluded from List of television stations in Aguascalientes. (edit | history)

RF VC Call sign Location Network/name ERPConcessionaire
30 1 XHJCM-TDTAguascalientes
San Juan de los Lagos, Jal.
Azteca Uno
15.89 kW
25.22 kW[8]
Televisión Azteca, S.A. de C.V.
18 3 XHCTAG-TDTAguascalientesImagen Televisión
(Excélsior TV)
100 kW[9]Cadena Tres I, S.A. de C.V.
35 5 XHAG-TDTAguascalientes
Jalpa, Zac.
Nochistlán, Zac.
Canal 5240 kW
17 kW[10]
23 kW[11]
29 kW[12]
Radio Televisión
29 7 XHLGA-TDTAguascalientes
San Juan de los Lagos, Jal.
Azteca 7
15.91 kW
25.26 kW[13]
Televisión Azteca, S.A. de C.V.
32 9 XHAGU-TDTAguascalientesNu9ve Aguascalientes240 kW Teleimagen del Noroeste
15 14 XHSPRAG-TDTAguascalientesSPR multiplex
(11.1 Canal Once, 14.1 Canal Catorce, 14.2 Ingenio Tv, 20.1 TV UNAM, 22.1 Canal 22, 45.1 Canal del Congreso)
70.97 kW Sistema Público de Radiodifusión del Estado Mexicano
26 26 XHCGA-TDTAguascalientesCanal 26
150 kW Gobierno del Estado de Aguascalientes
25 7 XHCVO-TDTCalvilloAzteca 74.23 kW Televisión Azteca, S.A. de C.V.

Baja California[edit]

This section is transcluded from List of television stations in Baja California. (edit | history)

Baja California Sur[edit]

This section is transcluded from List of television stations in Baja California Sur. (edit | history)


This section is transcluded from List of television stations in Campeche. (edit | history)


This section is transcluded from List of television stations in Chiapas. (edit | history)

RF VC Call sign Location Network/name ERPConcessionaire
27 1 XHOMC-TDTArriagaAzteca Uno
5 kW Televisión Azteca
32 2/5 XHWVT-TDTTonalá
Las Estrellas 20 kW
18 kW[22]
34 2/5 XHCIC-TDTCintalapa de FigueroaLas Estrellas
(Canal 5)
15 kW Televimex
35 1 XHDZ-TDTComitán de DominguezAzteca Uno
4.48 kW Televisión Azteca
23 2 XHCMZ-TDTComitán de DominguezLas Estrellas 32 kW Televimex
22 5/9 XHCZC-TDTComitán de DominguezCanal 5
32 kW Radio Televisión
30 7 XHCOM-TDTComitán de DominguezAzteca 7 4.55 kW Televisión Azteca
32 2/5 XHHUC-TDTHuixtlaLas Estrellas
(Canal 5)
40 kW Televimex
25 7 XHMCH-TDTMotozintlaAzteca 7 5.35 kW Televisión Azteca
32 2 XHOCC-TDTOcosingoLas Estrellas 39 kW Televimex
14 1 XHAO-TDTSan Cristóbal de las Casas
Tuxtla Gutiérrez
Azteca Uno
46.1 kW
58.31 kW
Televisión Azteca
16 2 XHSCC-TDTSan Cristóbal de las CasasLas Estrellas
30 kW Televimex
17 5/9 XHSNC-TDTSan Cristóbal de las CasasCanal 5
30 kW Radio Televisión
15 7 XHCSA-TDTSan Cristóbal de las Casas
Tuxtla Gutiérrez
Azteca 7
46.29 kW
58.47 kW
Televisión Azteca
36 13 XHDY-TDTSan Cristóbal de las CasasTelsusa (Canal 13) 160 kW Comunicación del Sureste
18 14 XHSPRSC-TDTSan Cristóbal de las CasasSPR multiplex
(11.1 Canal Once, 14.1 Canal Catorce, 14.2 Ingenio Tv, 20.1 TV UNAM, 22.1 Canal 22, 45.1 Canal del Congreso)
4.29 kW Sistema Público de Radiodifusión del Estado Mexicano
30 1 XHTAP-TDTTapachulaAzteca Uno
51.44 kW Televisión Azteca
23 2 XHAA-TDTTapachulaLas Estrellas 62 kW Televimex
29 3 XHCTTH-TDTTapachulaImagen Televisión
(Excélsior TV)
54.192 kW[23]Cadena Tres I, S.A. de C.V.
34 5/9 XHTAH-TDTTapachulaCanal 5
62 kW Radio Televisión
36 7 XHJU-TDTTapachulaAzteca 7
51.08 kW Televisión Azteca
28 13 XHGK-TDTTapachulaTelsusa (Canal 13) 80 kW Comunicación del Sureste
26 14 XHSPRTP-TDTTapachulaSPR multiplex
(11.1 Canal Once, 14.1 Canal Catorce, 20.1 TV UNAM, 22.1 Canal 22)
7.39 kW Sistema Público de Radiodifusión del Estado Mexicano
30 7 XHTON-TDTTonaláAzteca 7 4.21 kW Televisión Azteca
29 2 XHTUA-TDTTuxtla GutiérrezLas Estrellas
(5.1 Canal 5, 9.1 Nu9ve)
45 kW Televimex
27 3 XHCTCR-TDTTuxtla Gutiérrez
San Cristóbal de las Casas
Imagen Televisión
(Excélsior TV)
40 kW[24]
10 kW[25]
Cadena Tres I, S.A. de C.V.
24 8 XHTX-TDTTuxtla Gutiérrez45 kW Telemisión
10 XHTTG-TDTTuxtla Gutiérrez
Comitán de Domínguez
San Cristóbal de las Casas
Canal 10 Chiapas
(Ingenio Tv)
34.21 kW
0.94 kW
4.96 kW
27.12 kW
Gobierno del Estado de Chiapas
7 12 XHTUG-TDTTuxtla Gutiérrez5 kW Simón Valanci Buzali
31 14 XHSPRTC-TDTTuxtla GutiérrezSPR multiplex
(11.1 Canal Once, 14.1 Canal Catorce, 14.2 Ingenio Tv, 20.1 TV UNAM, 22.1 Canal 22, 45.1 Canal del Congreso)
8.96 kW Sistema Público de Radiodifusión del Estado Mexicano
28 2/5 XHVAC-TDTVenustiano CarranzaLas Estrellas
(Canal 5)
22 kW Televimex
26 2/5 XHVFC-TDTVillafloresLas Estrellas
(Canal 5)
20 kW Televimex


This section is transcluded from List of television stations in Chihuahua. (edit | history)

RF VC Call sign Location Network/name ERPConcessionaire
36 2 XHCHC-TDTCd. CamargoLas Estrellas 24 kW Televimex
21 7/1 XHCGJ-TDTCd. CamargoAzteca 7
(Azteca Uno)
17.09 kW Televisión Azteca
17 XHCPAW-TDTCd. CamargoSistema Público de Radiodifusion del Estado Mexicano
36 2 XHCCH-TDTCd. CuauhtémocLas Estrellas 26 kW Televimex
20 11 XHCHU-TDTCd. CuauhtémocCanal Once
(Once Niñas y Niños, Mente Abierta)
22.09 kW Instituto Politécnico Nacional
33 28 XHCTH-TDTCd. CuauhtémocCanal 28 5.014 kW Sistema Regional de Televisión
18 XHCPAV-TDTCd. CuauhtémocSistema Público de Radiodifusion del Estado Mexicano
33 2 XHDEH-TDTCd. DeliciasLas Estrellas 20 kW Televimex
19 5 XHCDE-TDTCd. Delicias
Cd. Camargo
Canal 5 20 kW
21 kW
Radio Televisión
20 11 XHCHD-TDTCd. DeliciasCanal Once
(Once Niñas y Niños, Mente Abierta)
146.17 kW Instituto Politécnico Nacional
24 1/7 XHJCH-TDTCd. JiménezAzteca Uno
(Azteca 7)
1.3 kW Televisión Azteca
33 2 XHBU-TDTCd. JiménezLas Estrellas 11 kW Televimex
34 1 XHCJE-TDTCd. JuárezAzteca Uno
146.61 kW Televisión Azteca
29 2 XEPM-TDTCd. JuárezLas Estrellas
(Estrellas El Paso)
200 kW Televimex
31 3 XHCTCJ-TDTCd. JuárezImagen Televisión
(Excélsior TV)
150 kW[26]Cadena Tres I, S.A. de C.V.
33 5 XHJUB-TDTCd. JuárezCanal 5 200 kW Radio Televisión
28 6 XHMTCH-TDTCd. JuárezMultimedios Televisión
(Milenio Televisión, CV Shopping, ABC Televisión)
45 kW[27]Multimedios Televisión
30 8 XHJCI-TDTCd. JuárezTelevisa Regional
200 kW[28]Televisora de Occidente
36 20 XHCJH-TDTCd. JuárezAzteca 7
146.31 kW Televisión Azteca
32 44 XHIJ-TDTCd. JuárezCanal 44
(44 Alternativo, Canal Catorce, Intermedia Televisión)
86.936 kW Televisora Nacional
35 50 XEJ-TDTCd. JuárezXEJ 10 kW Televisión de la Frontera
8 XHCPCN-TDTCd. JuárezSistema Público de Radiodifusion del Estado Mexicano
29 2 XHMAC-TDTCd. MaderaLas Estrellas 14 kW Televimex
22 1 XHCH-TDTChihuahuaAzteca Uno
51.47 kW Televisión Azteca
23 1.3 XHIT-TDTChihuahua
Cd. Cuauhtémoc[29]
Azteca Uno (-1) 51.41 kW
23.85 kW
Televisión Azteca
26 2 XHFI-TDTChihuahuaLas Estrellas
47 kW Televimex
29 3 XHCTCH-TDTChihuahua Imagen Televisión
(Excélsior TV)
52.761 kW[30]Cadena Tres I, S.A. de C.V.
24 5/9 XHCHZ-TDTChihuahua
Cd. Cuauhtémoc
Canal 5
(Nu9ve Chihuahua)
47 kW
26 kW[31]
Radio Televisión
32 6 XHAUC-TDTChihuahuaMultimedios Televisión45 kW Telemisión
21 7 XHECH-TDTChihuahua
Cd. Cuauhtémoc[32]
Azteca 7
44.43 kW
23.9 kW
Televisión Azteca
25 11 XHCHI-TDTChihuahuaCanal Once
(Once Niñas y Niños, Mente Abierta)
130.31 kW Instituto Politécnico Nacional
34 28 XHABC-TDTChihuahuaCanal 28 21.5 kW Sistema Regional de Televisión
30 44 XHICCH-TDTChihuahua
Cd. Cuauhtémoc
Cd. Delicias
Canal 44
(44 Alternativo, Intermedia Televisión)
140.68 kW[33]
129.78 kW[34]
25.89 kW[35]
Intermedia de Chihuahua
8 XHCPAU-TDTChihuahuaSistema Público de Radiodifusion del Estado Mexicano
25 1 XHHPC-TDTHidalgo del ParralAzteca Uno
8.97 kW Televisión Azteca
26 2/5 XHHPT-TDTHidalgo del ParralLas Estrellas
(Canal 5)
24 kW Televimex
22 7 XHHDP-TDTHidalgo del ParralAzteca 7 9.03 kW Televisión Azteca
30 13 XHMH-TDTHidalgo del ParralMultimedios Televisión25 kW Pedro Luis Fitzmaurice Meneses
24 1/7 XHCGC-TDTNuevo Casas GrandesAzteca Uno
(Azteca 7)
9.63 kW Televisión Azteca
27 2/5 XHNCG-TDTNuevo Casas GrandesLas Estrellas
(Canal 5)
34 kW Televimex
16 1/7 XHHR-TDTOjinagaAzteca Uno
(Azteca 7)
1.13 kW Televisión Azteca
15 2 XHOCH-TDTOjinagaLas Estrellas 23 kW Televimex
35 2 XHBVT-TDTSan BuenaventuraLas Estrellas 25 kW Televimex
34 2 XHSAC-TDTSanta BarbaraLas Estrellas 23 kW Televimex


This section is transcluded from List of television stations in Coahuila. (edit | history)

RF VC Call sign Location Network/name ERPConcessionaire
35 2 XHWDT-TDTAllendeLas Estrellas 40 kW Televimex
25 1 XHHE-TDTCiudad Acuña
Piedras Negras
Azteca Uno
4.21 kW
3.64 kW[36]
Televisión Azteca
34 2 XHAMC-TDTCiudad AcuñaLas Estrellas 50 kW Televimex
27 5 XHCHW-TDTCiudad AcuñaCanal 5 50 kW Radio Televisión
36 58 XHCAW-TDTCiudad Acuña// XHRCG-TDT20.9 kW Hilda Graciela Rivera Flores
24 1 XHHC-TDTMonclovaAzteca Uno
11.69 kW Televisión Azteca
35 2 XHMOT-TDTMonclovaLas Estrellas 50 kW Televimex
29 5 XHMLC-TDTMonclovaCanal 5 50 kW Radio Televisión
33 6 XHMTCO-TDTMonclovaMultimedios Televisión 45.052 kW Multimedios Televisión
27 7 XHMLA-TDTMonclovaAzteca 7
11.66 kW Televisión Azteca
36 29 XHMAP-TDTMonclovaCanal 29 16.723 kW Frente Ciudadano Pro-Antena Parabólica de Monclova
29 1 XHPFC-TDTParras de la FuenteAzteca Uno
10.92 kW Televisión Azteca
22 2 XHPAC-TDTParras de la FuenteLas Estrellas 62 kW Televimex
28 7 XHPFE-TDTParras de la FuenteAzteca 7 10.93 kW Televisión Azteca
30 2 XHPNT-TDTPiedras NegrasLas Estrellas 43 kW Televimex
31 5 XHPNH-TDTPiedras NegrasCanal 5 43 kW Radio Televisión
32 7 XHPNG-TDTPiedras Negras
Ciudad Acuña[37]
Azteca 7
16.33 kW
6.22 kW
Televisión Azteca
20 9 XHPN-TDTPiedras NegrasNu9ve Piedras Negras 43 kW Teleimagen del Noroeste
33 12 XHPNW-TDTPiedras NegrasSúper Channel 12/Multimedios
(XHPNW -2 hours)
26 1 XHCJ-TDTSabinasAzteca Uno
9.98 kW Televisión Azteca
23 2 XHRDC-TDTNueva RositaLas Estrellas 42 kW Televimex
29 5 XHNOH-TDTNueva RositaCanal 5 42 kW Radio Televisión
34 7 XHSBC-TDTNueva RositaAzteca 7 0.2 kW Televisión Azteca
21 15 XHSDD-TDTSabinasIndependent
(Canal 5 Sabinas -2 hours, Mix TV)
20 kW Grupo Comunik
26 3 XHCTSA-TDTSaltillo Imagen Televisión
(Excélsior TV)
50 kW[38]Cadena Tres I, S.A. de C.V.
20 5 XHSTC-TDTSaltilloCanal 5 45 kW Radio Televisión
33 7 XHLLO-TDTSaltilloAzteca 7
8.74 kW Televisión Azteca
30 8 XHRCG-TDTSaltilloTelevisa local 31 kW Roberto Casimiro González Treviño
24 9 XHAE-TDTSaltilloNu9ve 45 kW Teleimagen del Noroeste
36 10 XHTSCO-TDTSaltillo Tele Saltillo
(Tele Saltillo -2, -3, -4)
45 kW[39]Tele Saltillo
31 11 XHSCE-TDTSaltilloCanal Once
(Once Niñas y Niños, Mente Abierta)
9.08 kW Instituto Politécnico Nacional
17 17 XHPBSA-TDTSaltillo Coahuila Televisión 15.2 kW Gobierno del Estado de Coahuila
13 XHPEAB-TDTSaltillo Radio Cultural del Centro, A.C.
14 1 XHGDP-TDTTorreónAzteca Uno
188.17 kW Televisión Azteca
20 2 XHO-TDTTorreónLas Estrellas
150 kW Televimex
24 3 XHCTTR-TDTTorreónImagen Televisión
(Excélsior TV)
160 kW[40]Cadena Tres I, S.A. de C.V.
35 5 XELN-TDTTorreónCanal 5 150 kW Radio Televisión
23 6 XHOAH-TDTTorreónMultimedios Televisión
(Milenio Televisión, CV Shopping, Teleritmo)
47.5 kW Multimedios Televisión
18 7 XHGZP-TDTTorreónAzteca 7
187.38 kW Televisión Azteca
26 9 XHTOB-TDTTorreónNu9ve 150 kW Teleimagen del Noroeste
22 14 XHSPO-TDTTorreón[note 1]Canal Catorce 21.93 kW Sistema Público de Radiodifusión del Estado Mexicano


This section is transcluded from List of television stations in Colima. (edit | history)

RF VC Call sign Location Network/name ERPConcessionaire
18 1 XHKF-TDTAtenquique, Jal.
Colima (Cerro La Cumbre)[note 2]
Azteca Uno
24.14 kW
9.42 kW
Televisión Azteca
16 2 XHBZ-TDTColima
Cd. Guzmán, Jal.
Las Estrellas
54 kW
30 kW
15 kW[41]
27 3 XHCTCO-TDTColimaImagen Televisión
(Excélsior TV)
50 kW[42]Cadena Tres I, S.A. de C.V.
17 5 XHCC-TDTColima
Manzanillo (RF 14)
Cd. Guzmán, Jal.
Canal 5 54 kW
30 kW[43]
15 kW[44]
Radio Televisión
19 7 XHCOL-TDTAtenquique, Jal.
Colima (Cerro La Cumbre)[note 2]
Azteca 7
24.25 kW
9.44 kW
Televisión Azteca
26 9 XHCKW-TDTColimaNu9ve 54 kW Teleimagen del Noroeste
11[note 3]12 XHAMO-TDTColimaCanal 12 1.15 kW Gobierno del Estado de Colima
21 14 XHSPRCO-TDTColimaSPR multiplex
(11.1 Canal Once, 14.1 Canal Catorce, 14.2 Ingenio Tv, 20.1 TV UNAM, 22.1 Canal 22, 45.1 Canal del Congreso)
5.25 kW Sistema Público de Radiodifusión del Estado Mexicano
21 2 XHIOC-TDTIsla SocorroLas Estrellas 2 kW Televimex
21 1 XHDR-TDTManzanilloAzteca Uno
10.47 kW Televisión Azteca
31 7 XHNCI-TDTManzanilloAzteca 7 12.24 kW Televisión Azteca
36 9 XHMAW-TDTManzanilloNu9ve 35 kW Teleimagen del Noroeste
13 XHPBMZ-TDTManzanilloCanal 12Gobierno del Estado de Colima
22 1 XHTCA-TDTTecománAzteca Uno
4.560 kW Televisión Azteca
23 2/5 XHTEC-TDTTecomán/ArmeríaLas Estrellas
(Canal 5)
33 kW Televimex
29 7 XHTCO-TDTTecománAzteca 7
4.29 kW Televisión Azteca

Mexico City[edit]

Part of this section is transcluded from List of television stations in Mexico City. (edit | history)


This section is transcluded from List of television stations in Durango. (edit | history)


This section is transcluded from List of television stations in Guanajuato. (edit | history)

RF VC Call sign Location Network/name ERPConcessionaire
35 4 XHGAC-TDTAcambaroTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
0.6353 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
24 4 XHGAT-TDTAtarjeaTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
.12 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
33 1 XHMAS-TDTCelaya
León (RF 16)
La Piedad, Mich.
Azteca Uno
100.27 kW
5.17 kW
71.36 kW
3.9 kW
Televisión Azteca
30 4 XHCLT-TDTCelayaTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
29.9 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
17 7 XHCCG-TDTCelaya
León (RF 14)
La Piedad, Mich.
Azteca 7
99.33 kW
5.17 kW
71.49 kW
10.31 kW[50]
Televisión Azteca
20 14 XHSPRCE-TDTCelayaSPR multiplex
(11.1 Canal Once, 14.1 Canal Catorce, 20.1 TV UNAM, 22.1 Canal 22)
14.74 kW Sistema Público de Radiodifusión del Estado Mexicano
19 15 XHCEP-TDTCelayaLocal independent .5 kW Patronato de Televisión Cultural de Guanajuato, A.C.
25 4 XHGCO-TDTComonfortTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
.15 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
24 4 XHGCN-TDTCoroneoTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
.4776 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
35 4 XHDLG-TDTDolores HidalgoTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
1.032 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
24 4 XHGDM-TDTDoctor MoraTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
.029 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
35 4 XHATO-TDTGuanajuatoTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
0.641 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
35 4 XHGHU-TDTHuanímaroTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
.029 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
31 4 XHGJE-TDTJerécuaroTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
.03228 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
27 2 XHLGT-TDTLeónLas Estrellas
180 kW Televimex
26 3 XHCTLE-TDTLeónImagen Televisión
(Excélsior TV)
10 kW[51]Cadena Tres I, S.A. de C.V.
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
336 kW[52]Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
24 5 XHLEJ-TDTLeón
Lagos de Moreno, Jal.
Canal 5 180 kW
19 kW
Radio Televisión
31 6 XHLGG-TDTCerro Los Tenamastes, Jal.[note 6]
Multimedios Televisión
(Milenio Televisión, CV Shopping, Teleritmo)
47.5 kW[53]
70 kW[54]
Multimedios Televisión
23 12 XHL-TDTLeón
Celaya-Irapuato (VC 23)
Televisa Regional
(9.1 Nu9ve)
180 kW
50 kW
19 kW[55]
Televisora de Occidente
36 13 XHTMGJ-TDTLeón
Lagos de Moreno, Jal.
Telsusa (Canal 13) 100 kW[56]Telsusa Televisión México
34 14 XHSPRLA-TDTLeónSPR multiplex
(11.1 Canal Once, 14.1 Canal Catorce, 20.1 TV UNAM, 22.1 Canal 22)
39.02 kW Sistema Público de Radiodifusión del Estado Mexicano
26 4 XHGOC-TDTOcampoTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
0.05 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
21 4 XHGPE-TDTPenjamoTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
.5 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
31 4 XHGSA-TDTSalvatierraTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
0.215 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
30 4 XHGDU-TDTSan Diego de la UniónTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
1 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
33 4 XHGSF-TDTSan FelipeTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
.4356 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
30 4 XHGJI-TDTSan José IturbideTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
1.076 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
25 4 XHGLP-TDTSan Luis de la PazTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
.29 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
23 8 XHGSM-TDTSan Miguel de AllendeLocal independent .1 kW Proyección Cultural Sanmiguelense
24 4 XHSMA-TDTSan Miguel de AllendeTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
3.8 kW[57]Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
30 4 XHGSC-TDTSanta CatarinaTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
.2512 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
35 4 XHGJR-TDTSanta Cruz de Juventino RosasTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
.29 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
25 4 XHGMV-TDTSantiago MaravatioTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
.05 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
21 4 XHGTD-TDTTarandacuaoTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
.1452 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
25 4 XHGTA-TDTTarimoroTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
.29 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
23 4 XHGTI-TDTTierra BlancaTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
.1264 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
27 4 XHGVK-TDTVictoriaTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
.029 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato
22 4 XHGXI-TDTXichuTV4
(TV4 Media, TV4 Expresa)
.3 kW Gobierno del Estado de Guanajuato


This section is transcluded from List of television stations in Guerrero. (edit | history)


This section is transcluded from List of television stations in Hidalgo. (edit | history)


This section is transcluded from List of television stations in Jalisco. (edit | history)

State of Mexico[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_television_stations_in_Mexico

Grupo Televisa SAB TV:NYSE


  • Open11.64
  • Day High11.77
  • Day Low11.52
  • Prev Close11.55
  • 52 Week High15.06
  • 52 Week High Date06/07/21
  • 52 Week Low6.29
  • 52 Week Low Date11/02/20
  • Market Cap6.472B
  • Shares Out557.25M
  • 10 Day Average Volume1.42M
  • Dividend0.09
  • Dividend Yield0.75%
  • Beta1.48
  • YTD % Change40.66


  • EPS (TTM)0.73
  • P/E (TTM)16.02
  • Fwd P/E (NTM)32.63
  • EBITDA (MRQ)1.993B
  • ROE (MRQ)11.62%
  • Revenue (MRQ)4.859B
  • Gross Margin (MRQ)42.44%
  • Net Margin (MRQ)9.28%
  • Debt To Equity (MRQ)175.84%


  • Earnings Date10/20/2021
  • Ex Div Date05/27/2021
  • Div Amount0.0876
  • Split Date-
  • Split Factor-

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Sours: https://www.cnbc.com/quotes/TV
  1. Simple chess tattoo
  2. Airborne patch with sword
  3. All in lds living
  4. Trek factory racing mtb
  5. Blinged out birthday shirts


Mexican multimedia mass media company

For the Venezuelan television network, see Televisa (Venezuela).

Logotipo de Televisa.svg
TypeSociedad Anónima Bursátil

Traded as

IndustryMass media
PredecessorTelesistema Mexicano (1955)
Televisión Independiente de México (1965)
Founded8 January 1973; 48 years ago (1973-01-08)
FounderEmilio Azcárraga Vidaurreta

Mexico City



Area served


Key people

Emilio Azcárraga Jean (CEO),
Bernardo Gómez Martínez,
Alfonso de Angoitia
José Bastón Patiño[1]
ProductsBroadcasting, cable TV, radio, publishing, Internet
RevenueIncreaseUS$ 7,561,872,519.00 (2018)

Net income

DecreaseUS$ 387,545,547.00 million (2018)[2]
OwnerAzcárraga family
(merger with Univision Communications to form Televisa-Univision pending)
MembersOrganización de Telecomunicaciones de Iberoamérica

Number of employees

42,900 Approximate Increase
SubsidiariesTelevisa Interactive Media [es]
Sky México (58.7%)
Blim TV
AISA International Betting
CJ Grand [es]
Televisa Consumer Products
Televisa Music
Televisa Networks
Club América
Televisa Regional
Univision Communications(36%)
The Brands Group

Grupo Televisa, S.A.B. (Spanish pronunciation: [teleˈβisa] (About this soundlisten)) is a Mexican multimedia mass media company. A major Latin American mass media corporation, it often presents itself as the largest producer of Spanish-language content.[3] Much of its programming airs in the United States on Univision, with which it has an exclusive contract.

In April 2021, Televisa and Univision announced that they had proposed a merger between the two companies, which would form a new company to be known as Televisa-Univision. The transaction is subject to regulatory and shareholder approval.



Previous logo of Televisa (1973-2000). It was designed by Pedro Ramírez Vázquez.[4]In 2001, it was re-designed to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Mexican television. The logo represents a human eye looking at the world through a television screen. It retains the original logo's yellow and orange colors that contrast with a dark blue background while the center of the logo is a sphere that represents the known contemporary world with its focus on communications, specifically television.

Since its beginning, the company has been owned by the Azcárraga family. The company has been led and owned by three generations of Azcárraga; each has marked an era for the company and, until October 2017,[5] each had passed the ownership of the company to his son upon his death.

Emilio Azcárraga Vidaurreta (1955–1972)[edit]

Grupo Televisa was founded in 1955 as Telesistema Mexicano, linking Mexico's first three television stations: XHTV-TV (founded in 1950), XEW-TV (1951) and XHGC-TV (1952). Along with Emilio Azcárraga Vidaurreta, the O'Farril family and Ernesto Barrientos Reyes, who had signed on Mexico's first radio station, XEW-AM, in 1930, were co-owners of the firm. Its headquarters, known as Televicentro, were originally located on Avenida Chapultepec in downtown Mexico City. The building opened on 10 February 1952.

Telesistema Mexicano
Logo of Telesistema Mexicano, one of the two networks that fused to become Televisa in 1973

The channel was the first national network to be broadcast in color in 1963. Before the launch, Telesistema began airing in color in the late 1950s in select cities along the U.S.-Mexico border, given the fact that color signals were already present since the start of US color television in the decade starting from 1954.

In 1968, Telesistema's main competitor, Televisión Independiente de México (TIM), entered Mexico City with XHTM-TV Canal 8. At the time, both Telesistema and TIM (which was based in Monterrey) competed with another new station, XHDF-TV channel 13, which also started transmissions in 1968. Over the next four years, both networks competed in content and image until they merged, taking on the name "Televisa" in 1973. In the merger deal, the owners of Telesistema had 75 percent of the stocks, while the owners of Televisión Independiente had the rest, which were sold to Telesistema later because of financial problems.

On 7 September 1970, 24 Horas debuted and became one of Mexico's most-watched news programs. The host, journalist Jacobo Zabludovsky, anchored the newscast for almost three decades.

The 1973 merger brought in another new face who would later help revolutionize television and pop music: Raúl Velasco and his Sunday program Siempre en Domingo, which was, from the start, being aired on Telesistema. Its successful run of 29 seasons (1969–98) not only featured the best pop artists from Spain and Latin America as well as from English-speaking countries, but also the most successful local singers, and its broadcast into many countries in both North and South America helped promote Latin pop to millions of television viewers.

Emilio Azcárraga Milmo (1972–1997)[edit]

On 17 August 1972, Emilio Azcárraga Vidaurreta died, and Emilio Azcárraga Milmo succeeded him as company president and owner. On 8 January 1973, both Telesistema Mexicano and Televisión Independiente de México merged, taking on the name Televisa, an acronym for Televisión Via Satélite in Spanish[according to whom?]. In 1975, brothers Emilio Diez Barroso and Fernando Diez Barroso began working in the presidency offices of Televisa.

Televisa started to transmit several programs produced by the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México in 1977. On 3 March 1983, Canal 8 was reformatted to become a cultural channel, offering informative programs, debates and cultural shows. In 1985, a frequency swap moved the station from channel 8 to 9, and Televisa also decided to swap its callsign for that of XEQ-TV, which had been on channel 9 and broadcast from Altzomoni; the XHTM callsign was moved to that station, which was moved to channel 10. Canal 9 eventually became Galavisión, now known as Gala TV.

On 19 September 1985, an earthquake measuring 8.1 on the Richter scale caused widespread damage in Mexico City and destroyed the south tower of Televisa's main building. Nonetheless, Televisa's transmissions were not seriously affected. However, several dubbed TV shows were lost.

In 1991, Televisa, with help from Japanese public television networkNHK (Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai), began its first broadcast in HDTV, using the Japanese Multiple sub-Nyquist sampling Encoding MUSE system. Between 1993 and 1994 Televisa was about to buy Italian local TV station GBR, based in Rome, planning to import in Italy his mixed sport-telenovelas formula, but the transaction was ultimately aborted.

Emilio Azcárraga Jean (1997–2017)[edit]

In April 1997, Milmo died and Emilio Azcárraga Jean succeeded him as the president of the company. Azcárraga Jean was 29 years old and he was one of the youngest executives in Mexico at that time. In December 1997, Televisa joined with other Mexican media companies to create a marathon known as Teletón, whose mission is to provide knowledge about physical disabilities, giving a strong message about respect, equality and support to people in these conditions. This movement from media, enterprises and Mexicans is reflected in the buildings created with the money from this Marathon, named Centros de Rehabilitación Infantil (CRIT). It is said that sponsors use it as a way to deduce taxes as the Teletón takes place at the end of the fiscal year and therefore allows companies to deduce their donations before declaring their incomes. Televisa introduced a new logo on January 1, 2001, putting eight lines instead of ten, and it closely resembles the previous logo. Changes include the sun now being a 3D ball, which in turn making the logo an eye, and the wordmark was brought back and in Helvetica Black.

Televisa is the largest mass media company in Latin America, and it is owned by the Azcárraga family.[6] Televisa controls 66% of the 465 television concessions.[6] Also Televisa owns television programing and broadcasting, programing pay television, publishing distribution, cable television, radio production and broadcasting, football teams (Club Necaxa and Club America), stadiums, Televisa editorial (that makes books, newspapers and magazines), paging services, professional sports and business promotion, film production and distribution, dubbing, operation of horizontal internet portal, DVD distribution, EMI Televisa music, Playcity casino, etc.[6]

There is complicity between Mexican media and government. Media and political power in México have a symbiotic relationship where the economic elites that control the media (Televisa and TV Azteca) are privileged in exchange for their support for the policies and actions of the government.[7] In México the mass media owners are likely to have access to high levels of the Mexican government. On 3 May 2006, the community of San Salvador Atenco was violently repressed by the Mexican police who used excessive force and committed severe human rights violations. This event was one of the most violent repressions in the nation's history. This event is important because it shows how Televisa and TV Azteca were involved in inciting and supporting the repression of the people of Atenco by the government in México. The approval of the repression of Atenco by TV Azteca and Televisa can be seen as a clear example of the collaboration between mass media and government. Televisa and TV Azteca through their news programs support government policies without criticism and dismiss alternative voices to the dominant discourse. When this event occurred, mass media portrayed the farmers of Atenco as a radical social movement without reporting the reason behind the mobilization. In México the mass media are not there to provide objective information, México is under the shadow of authoritative journalism, in which they are only there to endorse an agenda that is aligned with the government.

In August 2014, Televisa announced it would acquire the remaining shares in Mexican cable firm Cablecom that it did not already own for a fee of around $653.96 million.[8] In September 2014, it was announced that Grupo Salinas would acquire Grupo Televisa's 50 percent stake in Mexico's third largest wireless operator Iusacell for a fee of $717 million.[9] In January 2016, Televisa introduced a new branding, including a new logo design: an updated version of the company's logo from 1973, and a new slogan "Tu companía, tu más".

Post-Azcarraga family leadership; merger with Univision (2017–present)[edit]

Emilio Azcárraga Jean renounced the leadership of Televisa in October 2017, although he remains chairman of the company's board of directors. The newly appointed leader of the company will be the first not to be part of the Azcarraga family. The move was made to combat the massive decline in Televisa's viewership created by the rise in popularity of Netflix and other video streaming services, becoming more popular than cable television, as well as the end of the duopoly of private channels caused by the arrival of new players in the 2010s.[5][10]

On April 13, 2021, Televisa announced a merger deal with its longtime US partner, Univision Communications which it will combine its four free-to-air brands in Mexico, pay-TV networks, its Videocine movie studio, and the Televisa trademark; with Univision's broadcast and cable television, radio, and digital assets. The merger is targeted to be completed by the end of the year, subject to US and Mexican regulatory reviews, and the new company will be known as Televisa-Univision.[11] Televisa will own 45% of the combined company and will retain its Club America football team, telecommunication, pay-TV and publishing businesses, as well as the station licenses, news production, and other infrastructure for the company's four networks.

The merger was sanctioned by the Federal Telecommunications Institute (IFT) in September 2021.[12]

Properties and services[edit]

Properties or partial properties[edit]

Televisa filming studio town in Chapultepec

Televisa is the second-largest media conglomerate in Latin America behind Grupo Globo, with interests in television broadcasting, programming for pay television, international distribution of television programming, direct-to-home satellite services, publishing and publishing distribution, cable television, radio production and broadcasting, professional sports and show business promotions, paging services, feature film production and distribution, dubbing, and the operation of a horizontal Internet portal. Televisa's telenovelas generally run only one season and are broadcast internationally. The conglomerate has partially to complete interest in the following companies:

Film and television industry[edit]

  • Film
    • Videocine (Movie production and distribution)
    • Globalgate Entertainment
  • Television Channels
    • Televisa Networks
    • Home Media distribution
      • Televisa Home Entertainment (DVD Distribution)
    • Cable providers
      • Izzi Telecom (formerly known as Cablevisión México) is the internet, fixed telephony and cable TV provider of Grupo Televisa. The company is made of several formerly separate companies (Cablevisión DF, Cablemas, Cablevisión Monterrey, Cablecom and Telecable) combined to provide competition against Telmex.

Publishing (books, magazines and newspapers)[edit]

Televisa Radio[edit]

  • Televisa Radio, under the brand name of "W Radio México"; it is primarily a news and talk station.


  • Comercio Más (Internet EsMas.com)
  • Televisa Digital (Internet)



  • Televisa Licencias (Merchandising)
  • Más Fondos (Investment Group)
  • Volaris (Airline) (Sold on 16 July 2010)[13]
  • Playcity Casino (Gambling)
  • Multijuegos (Lotto)

In November 2006, an American embassy cable released through WikiLeaks listed Cablevisión and SKY México (both owned by Televisa), among "Mexico's monopolists", with control over a majority of Mexico's cable and satellite television, respectively.[14]

Terrestrial networks[edit]

Exterior of Televisa building in Chapultepec.

Televisa provides programming throughout Mexico through four networks through local affiliates. 253 Mexican local television stations (54.8% of the total commercial stations) air programming from all four terrestrial networks.[15]
The four Televisa networks are:

Las EstrellasXEW 2general programming, sports, first-run telenovelas, and news
Canal 5*XHGC 5youth-oriented programming, American series, and movies
NueveXEQ 9telenovela reruns, sports, news, and comedy shows
FOROtvXHTV 4all news channel, talk, and debate programming

Televisa beams Las Estrellas, Canal 5, and Nueve all over Mexico through satellite (much like the flagship stations in the United States) to affiliates. In addition, Televisa owns some Televisa-branded regional television stations, airing a mixture of Televisa programming and regional programming from all four Televisa terrestrial networks. FOROtv is the only network that only has one full-time affiliate, XHTV, but some of FOROtv's programming can be found on most Televisa Regional television stations.


Televisa also operates a subsidiary called Televisa Networks (it's still often recognized within the entertainment industry by its previous moniker, Visat). This subsidiary is responsible for the distribution of Televisa programmes by satellite. It is Televisa Networks that distributes the Las Estrellas signal through satellite to Europe, Australia, and New Zealand. Other channels under the Televisa Networks umbrella include:

  • Adrenalina Sports Network - channel focused on the UFC (exclusive distribution across Latin America)
  • Bandamax - a Banda, Norteño and Regional Mexican music station.
  • De Película (HD) - Mexican film channel focused in newest movies.
  • De Película Clásico - Mexican film channel focused in old movies.
  • Distrito Comedia - Focuses on Televisa produced sitcoms and comedy shows from the 1970s to the present. Before 1 October 2012, it was known as Clásico TV - and focused on showing popular TV shows from the past, especially sitcoms and children shows.
  • Golden and Golden Edge (HD) - movie service, showcasing Hollywood blockbusters and other films.
  • Golden Premier - movie service, films premiered between 2011 and the actually
  • Las Estrellas Internacional (HD) - international version of the Mexican network, available only outside Mexico (particularly Europe, Australia, and New Zealand).
  • Ritmoson Latino - a Spanish language music videos station focused on tropical music (salsa, bachata, reggaeton, etc.)
  • Televisa Deportes Network and Univision Deportes-Televisa Deportes Network) (HD) - Sports Channel that is often distributed in premium cable services. Shows European soccer leagues (France and Spain) and tournaments of sports not so popular in Mexico. (available only in Mexico, Central America, and Dominican Republic)
    • Additionally Televisa owns a Mexican first division football-soccer team (Club América) and the Stadium where it plays (Estadio Azteca).
  • TeleHit (HD) - a channel devoted to pop music and comedic shows that usually are not safe secure to be shown in open TV.
  • Telemundo Internacional - Shows telenovelas, programs, news and more originally from Telemundo. (available as a Televisa channel only inside Mexico).
  • BitMe - Starting broadcasts after the closure of its predecessor channel Tiin, this channel is the first of the company to bring to the public programming of the world of video games and anime, its acceptance was well received and has an agreement with Toei animation to start the distribution of some anime from his studio, just like he's buying usage licenses from anime distributor Sentai Filmworks
  • TLN (TlNetwork) - Shows telenovelas and TV series (El Chavo del Ocho, El Chapulín Colorado, Chespirito, El Chavo Animado and El Pantera) in Portuguese of Televisa. (available only in Angola, Brazil, Portugal and Mozambique)
  • Tlnovelas (HD) - a network devoted to classic telenovelas (soap operas).
  • Telenovela Channel - an English-dubbed telenovela channel in the Philippines; network owned by Beginnings at Twenty Plus, Inc. with the partnership of Televisa. The channel operates 24/7.
  • Unicable - features programming by Univision and Originals Productions.
  • Univision Latin America - features programming from Televisa and Univision.

Featured Channels

Televisa operated Noticias ECO, a 24-hour news channel, between 1988 and 2001.

It operated Galavisión Europa, featuring programming by Televisa and Univision, the channel name was changed in 2006 to Canal de las Estrellas (and later Las Estrellas in 2016), and broadcasts to Europe, Australia, and New Zealand.

Televisa launched a streaming video service Blim on 22 February 2016.


Main article: List of programs broadcast by Televisa networks

Criticisms and controversies[edit]

Political bias, defamation and impartial news coverage[edit]

Due to Televisa's multiple and diverse areas of business and political interests around the country, Latin America and the U.S., it has been often accused of airing misleading information about individuals or organizations in which may exist a conflict of interest. Many remember the famous phrase from the former owner of Televisa Emilio Azcarraga Milmo referring to himself as a "soldado del Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI)" (soldier of the Institutional Revolutionary Party), the longtime ruling political party in Mexico that held presidency of Mexico uninterruptedly for 71 years from 1929 to 2000, however, with his death and the arrival of his son Emilio Azcarraga Jean to the head of the network, there was the promise to cut all political ties with the PRI. However, if the relationship ended or not has been widely disputed, along with their impartiality when it comes to their economic interests in diverse business areas.[16]

Francisco Ibarra and Emilio Maurer[edit]

Long before 1991, Televisa exercised strong control over the Mexican Football Federation (Federación Mexicana de Fútbol) in which they participated with the ownership of two teams (Club América and Necaxa). However, that year a rival group, Imevision (now TV Azteca) took control over the federation with Francisco Ibarra as the acting president and Emilio Maurer as Secretary, both of whom started a series of changes concerning mainly to the administration of a poll of money earned in sponsorships of the National Soccer Team; this fight resulted in a prosecution through several TV channels owned by the network resulting in Ibarra and Maurer being expelled from the Federation, even Maurer being incarcerated. Rumors of then President of Mexico Carlos Salinas de Gortari being involved in this prosecution began to circulate, however, this was never confirmed.[17][18]

Santiago Creel Miranda[edit]

In 2008, the approval of a series of laws that would enable the Federal Institute of Elections (IFE) to buy in exclusive airtime for political campaigns on TV networks, radio and newspapers for all political parties, that would undermine the economical revenue of Televisa and TV Azteca in marketing political candidates to public election posts, led to the virtual "disappearance" in news shows and other programming of Televisa network (along with TV Azteca) in retaliation to Santiago Creel Miranda and other lawmakers (senadores) of all political parties involved in the approval of these laws.[19][20]

Issac Saba Raffoul[edit]

In 2010, Televisa (along with competitor TV Azteca) began airing a series of reports in their news shows in which they claimed that businessman Isaac Saba Raffoul held a monopoly in the field of pharmaceuticals distribution along with the country with their enterprise Grupo Saba, those affirmations occurred as a consequence of the business partnership between Isaac Saba Raffoul and General Electric to become the third national television network. This partnership, in the potential case of becoming successful in acquiring rights from the Federal Government to transmit along the country, would have diminished the TV market share of Televisa and TV Azteca.[21][22]

Grupo Reforma[edit]

In 2011, Televisa began airing a series of reports related to publication of classifieds on newspapers owned by Grupo Reforma (a large holding of businesses that includes newspapers, online news and others) of women offering sex service, often offered as massage service, escort service, etc. implying these could lead to various crimes like human trafficking, sexual slavery, kidnapping of women and others (prostitution laws in Mexico are very ambiguous). Although those classifieds are published in a wide range of newspapers around the country, Televisa specifically targeted Grupo Reforma's publications. Analysts say this was a retaliation against Grupo Reforma for their extense coverage of the affair of their star news anchor Carlos Loret de Mola, all of this, however, as a retaliation itself to the fact that Televisa obtained licenses to provide third and fourth generation wireless services in partnership with communications giant Nextel.[23]

Carlos Slim Helu (Telmex)[edit]

In 2011, Televisa began airing reports concerning an allegedly monopoly of Telmex and America Movil (Telcel) on national cellular phone service and claiming that customers were being overcharged; also claiming that fees to interconnect to existing cellular grid and infrastructure to third parties were excessively high. This fight occurred when both companies were trying to obtain from the Federal Government the rights to offer to customers "Triple Play" which means that one carrier could provide cellular service, television and internet in one complete package. However, this matter resulted on interminable courtroom fights between both parties and the decision has been delayed so far.[24]

Pablo Salazar Mendiguchia[edit]

In 2011 Televisa began airing an extense coverage on the arrest and incarceration of Chiapas ex-governor Pablo Salazar Mendiguchia, accused of several crimes, this coverage was prolonged and very extensive. In an interview with journalist Carmen Aristegui, famed writer and analyst Rafael Loret de Mola accepted to some degree that perhaps a political prosecution was occurring, but that his main concern was that he had (and showed on air) a legal document in which Adela Micha Zaga (a news anchor with Televisa) gives legal power to then ex-governor Pablo Salazar Mendiguchia (also a lawyer) to act as an inmobiliary agent to sell a condo she possessed a few years ago. His concern was about a "perverse" relation between Salazar and Televisa journalists.[25]

May 2012 rallies[edit]

On 19 May 2012 a series of rallies "Marchas Anti-Peña" (Rallies Against-Peña) were held across the country (D.F., Guadalajara, Monterrey, Pachuca, Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Jalapa, Colima, and others). In addition to proclaiming dislike of Enrique Peña Nieto (the political candidate of the PRI), the protest was also aimed at the news coverage of Peña Nieto, principally by the program Tercer Grado. The rally organizers claimed that Televisa was actively assisting Peña Nieto to win the forecoming election and that their intense coverage of his activities as the Governor of Estado de Mexico, helped him position as the No. 1 in opinion polls. Rallies also occurred outside of Televisa San Angel (Televisa headquarters), where some of the protesters were permitted to air their points of view on a nationwide telecast.[26]

As of 2011, its closest competitors are TV Azteca (also in Mexico) and TVE (Spain). In 2012, he was embroiled in controversy since the progressive movement, headed by leading left into Mexico Andrés Manuel López Obrador, was openly accused of sponsoring the PRI candidate Enrique Peña Nieto.[clarification needed]

Money laundering[edit]

On 23 August 2012, 18 alleged company employees were arrested in Nicaragua, accused of international drug trafficking, organized crime and money laundering;[27] six vans that bore the logo of the media company also were seized[27] which had professional production equipment for television transmission[28] and registered in the name Televisa SA de CV, where drugs and $9.2 million in cash were transported. According to statements of the television itself, detainees do not belong to Televisa, and the vehicles were registered with false documents to the Ministry of Transport and Roads of the Federal District.[29] Supposedly stationery used in these forgeries (especially some business cards and letterhead) involved Amador Narcia, a reporter who disappeared from Televisa News following this scandal.

Televisa political bias in favor of Margarita Zavala controversy[edit]

On 21 November 2016 Televisa released a telenovela (soap opera) titled La candidata (The candidate ["La" is a feminine noun]) portrayed by actress Silvia Navarro as Regina Bárcenas (whom acts as the speculated fictional stand-in for Margarita Zavala) and Rafael Sánchez Navarro as her husband Alonso San Roman (which acts as the speculated fictional stand-in for Felipe Calderón). It is heavily speculated this television program, was created in order to favor Zavala in the 2018 elections against MORENA's political candidate Andrés Manuel López Obrador whom Televisa supposedly does not want as president due to his left-leaning political viewpoints.[30][31]

Alleged under-coverage of Jaime "El Bronco" Rodriguez Calderon[edit]

Previous to the release of the telenovela, during the same year Televisa found in itself on another political bias controversy showing bias against Nuevo León's governor Jaime "El Bronco" Rodríguez Calderón who is a potential 2018 presidential candidate It happened on 11 September 2016, during a Live-Television News broadcast from "Monterrey al Dia" where Televisa news reporter, Karla Minaya, mistakenly said: "hay que tratar de que el gobernador, por cierto, entre lo menos posible" ("we have to try that the governor, for sure, is mentioned the least possible") which was perceived to show clear signs of political bias from the network. The Mexican newspaper El Universal published on social media a video of the event, which was covered by national news media although Televisa did not cover the story and declined to comment.[32] El Bronco's predecessor Rodrigo Medina de la Cruz had spent 4000 millions of pesos on payments to television news media (Televisa included), supposedly to clean his image.[33] Sick of what he considered to be the corruption in the Mexican media, El Bronco had previously vowed to not spend a single peso on purchasing favorable media coverage. So supposedly in retaliation, the Mexican Televisa news mentioned him the least possible, or with biased news coverage of unfair criticisms and defamation. In El Bronco's own words: "Hay 314 denuncias de carros robados y recuperamos 229, pero como no le pagamos a Televisa, Multimedios y TV Azteca, no lo sacan. Hemos logrado desintegrar bandas roba carros y roba traileres, y lo hemos hecho dicho en todas las ruedas de prensa, pero Televisa, Multimedios y TV Azteca no lo sacan." (There are 314 denouncements of stolen cars, we retrieved 229, but since we didn't pay Televisa, Multimedios and TV Azteca they don't show it. We have disbanded a band of thieves of cars and trucks. We have said it on every press round, but Televisa, Multimedios and TV Azteca don't show it.) [34]

Earthquake in Mexico City 2017 fake news controversy[edit]

In September 2017, an earthquake devastated Mexico City in the state of Mexico. During the news coverage of the devastation, Televisa reported there was a little girl named Frida Sofia trapped within the debris of a fallen school. However, soon after it was revealed that in fact Frida Sofia never existed. Outraged with the fake news within times of crisis, rival network TV Azteca whose television schedule of the day included The Simpsons, decided to air the episode Radio Bart. Because the plot of the Simpsons episode consisted on Bart Simpson doing a prank, where he fooled the people on Springfield to think a little kid named "Timmy O'Toole" was trapped in a hole, mirroring the way Televisa fooled Mexico about Frida Sofia. The usage of such airing choice to criticize their rival network's fake news was praised by their viewers and international news media alike, leading to Timmy O'Toole becoming a trending topic in social media, due to the Mexican people explaining their support through internet memes. Televisa was heavily criticized for sharing such fake news, because those news made rescue teams waste time initiating an effort to save the non-existing girl, distracting them from saving the real people who were trapped in the debris.[35][36][37][38]

Denigratory treatment towards women[edit]

In the Netflix documentary Cuando conocí al Chapo: La historia de Kate del Castillo focused on the story of how actress Kate del Castillo met Mexican drug dealerJoaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán. The aforementioned former Televisa actress, along producer Epigmenio Ibarra, both stated that during the 90's Televisa treated actresses as sex objects, going as far as offering them to investors and publicists.[39][40]

Partnerships with other television networks[edit]

Televisa and Univision[edit]

Televisa Laguna facilities in Torreón, Coahuila, MEX.

Televisa has an ongoing relation with the US-based Univision network, dating back to the 1960s, when Univision's predecessor, the Spanish International Network (SIN), was owned by Telesistema Mexicano, Televisa's predecessor.[citation needed]

In October 2010, Televisa agreed to take a 5% stake in Univision and to extend and expand the companies' long-term program license agreement. The new program license agreement will include Internet and mobile rights and cover key Mexican football (soccer) rights and will run through at least 2020.[41]

Televisa and Telemundo[edit]

On 18 March 2008, Televisa and NBCUniversal announced a 10-year multiplatform agreement that would allow 1,000 hours of Telemundo programming from news, entertainment programs, specials, and sports to be broadcast over not only its Galavision channel (XEQ-TV), but also its SKY Channel and Cablevision cable system starting in April, as well as a planned Telemundo pay TV channel to be launched later in 2008. Marketingymedios

Televisa's uncompleted agreement to acquire a stake in Nextel Mexico[edit]

In January 2010, Televisa announced an offer to acquire a 30% stake in Nextel Mexico from NII Holdings for US$1.44 billion. However, they later terminated the agreement.[42][43][44]

In popular culture[edit]

Film depiction[edit]

The perceived political favoritism of Televisa towards the PRI, and the concept of the "cortinas de humo (smoke screens)" was explored in the Mexican black-comedy film The Perfect Dictatorship (2014), directed and written by Luis Estrada, whose plot directly criticizes both the PRI and Televisa.[45] Taking place in a Mexico with a tightly controlled media landscape, the plot centers around a corrupt politician (a fictional stand-in for Enrique Peña Nieto) from a political party (serving as a fictional stand-in for the PRI), and how he makes a deal with TV MX (which serves as a stand-in to Televisa) to manipulate the diffusion of news towards his benefit, in order to save his political career.[46] The director made it based on the perceived media manipulation in Mexico.[47]

See also[edit]


  1. ^"Televisa: Corporativo: Ejecutivos". Retrieved December 13, 2016.
  2. ^"Anuales". www.televisair.com.
  3. ^Becerra, Martín; Mastrini, Guillermo (2017). "Concentración y convergencia de medios en América Latina". Communiquer. 20 (20): 104–120. doi:10.4000/communiquer.2277.
  4. ^http://www.televisa.com/quienes/Pedro Ramírez Vázquez
  5. ^ abDe la Fuente, Anna Marie (October 27, 2017). "Televisa CEO Emilio Azcarraga Jean to Resign". Variety. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  6. ^ abc· Mahan, E. (1985). Mexican Broadcasting: Reassessing the Industry-State Relationship. Journal of Communication, 35(1), 60-75.
  7. ^· Trejo, R. (2011, May). Bajo el imperio de la televisión. Panorama de la comunicación en México, pp. 75-86.
  8. ^Alire Garcia, David (August 14, 2014). "Mexico's Televisa says buys rest of Cablecom for $654 million". Reuters. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  9. ^Murray, Christine; Sarmiento, Tomás (September 10, 2014). "Mexico's Salinas to buy Televisa Iusacell stake for $717 million". Reuters. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  10. ^Hecht, John (October 26, 2017). "Televisa Chief Emilio Azcarraga Out as CEO". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  11. ^Porter, Rick (April 13, 2021). "Televisa, Univision to Merge, Forming Spanish-Language Media Powerhouse". The Hollywood Reporter. HollywoodReporter.com. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
  12. ^"Se concreta el acuerdo Televisa-Univision". forbes.com. September 14, 2021.
  13. ^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 14, 2010. Retrieved August 21, 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^"cable 06MEXICO6413, WHO ARE MEXICO'S MONOPOLISTS?". WikiLeaks. (see also [1]Archived April 2, 2014, at the Wayback Machine)
  15. ^"Permisos y concesiones de televisión en México". Periodistas.scyma.info. Archived from the original on August 24, 2011. Retrieved November 5, 2011.
  16. ^"La Ley Televisa". Universidad de Málaga - eumed.net. Retrieved September 8, 2010.
  17. ^"La FMF, brazo ejecutor de Televisa". Cronica. Retrieved November 9, 2002.
  18. ^"El debate entre el fútbol". La Jornada Morelos. Archived from the original on January 29, 2013. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  19. ^"Ofrece Televisa espacio a Creel y defiende pluralidad". Novedades de Tabasco. Archived from the original on May 22, 2013. Retrieved July 15, 2008.
  20. ^"TELEVISA desaparece al senador Santiago Creel". Terranova Libre. July 16, 2008. Retrieved July 16, 2008.
  21. ^"Tercera cadena de TV, necesidad impostergable". Revista Zocalo. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
  22. ^es:Isaac Saba Raffoul
  23. ^"Se lanza Televisa contra Grupo Reforma". Revista Zocalo.
  24. ^"Televisa y Telmex en 2011, la guerra de las galaxias". Revista Proceso - proceso.com.mx. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
  25. ^"Rafael Loret de Mola: Televisa defiende a Pablo Salazar". Consultores en Investigación y Análisis de Medios S.C. June 11, 2011. Retrieved June 13, 2011.
  26. ^"Llega al Ángel marcha contra Peña Nieto y Televisa". cronica.com.mx.
  27. ^ ab"PGR informa a Nicaragua sobre 18 mexicanos detenidos". Retrieved November 23, 2012.
  28. ^"Camionetas confiscadas en Nicaragua, equipadas para TV". Aristegui Noticias. Retrieved December 4, 2012.
  29. ^"Camionetas aseguradas en Nicaragua no son de Televisa". Noticieros Televisa. Retrieved December 4, 2012.
  30. ^Regeneración, Administrador (October 5, 2016). "Televisa posicionará a Margarita Zavala con nueva telenovela "La candidata"".
  31. ^"Televisa posicionará a Margarita Zavala con telenovela 'La Candidata'". POSTA. November 7, 2016.
  32. ^"Televisa intenta "borrar" a 'El Bronco' en vivo". El Universal. September 11, 2016.
  33. ^"Así gastó Medina en medios los 4 mil millones que El Bronco @JaimeRdzNL no va a pagar". SDPnoticias.com. November 4, 2015.
  34. ^""El Bronco" y la "guerra" que crece contra Televisa, Multimedios y TV Azteca - Proceso". November 5, 2015.
  35. ^Rachel Withers (September 22, 2017). "Mexican TV uses Simpsons episode to teach a lesson about sensational disaster coverage". Slate.com. Retrieved November 11, 2019.
  36. ^Regeneración, Administrador (September 22, 2017). "TV Azteca 'trolea' a Televisa con episodio de 'Timmy O'Toole' de Los Simpson por caso Frida Sofía".
  37. ^Noel, Andrea (September 21, 2017). "Mexicans Outraged After Praying for Fake 'Trapped Child'". The Daily Beast – via www.thedailybeast.com.
  38. ^"HuffPost México". Huffingtonpost.com.mx. Archived from the original on November 6, 2017. Retrieved November 11, 2019.
  39. ^"Kate del Castillo revela en documental trato denigrante a actrices de Televisa". Quién. October 24, 2017.
  40. ^"Kate del Castillo confirma rumores: Televisa ofrece a actrices como prostitutas". TVNotas ¡Irresistible!. October 24, 2017.
  41. ^"Grupo Televisa Y Univision Ampliarán Relación Estratégica En Los Estados Unidos De América"(PDF). Archived from the original(PDF) on October 18, 2017. Retrieved November 5, 2011.
  42. ^Harrison, Crayton (October 18, 2010). "Televisa Ends $1.44 Billion Agreement to Buy Stake in NII's Nextel Mexico". Bloomberg.com. Bloomberg. Retrieved November 5, 2011.
  43. ^"Global Telecoms Business". Global Telecoms Business. Retrieved November 5, 2011.
  44. ^"Televisa Purchase of NII Holdings Stake Gets Approval". Businessweek.com. Retrieved November 5, 2011.
  45. ^Maraboto, Mario (October 28, 2014). "'La dictadura perfecta': más allá de la película - Forbes Mexico".
  46. ^"Mexican Film La dictadura perfecta (The Perfect Dictatorship) Depicts Mexican Reality - San Miguel de Allende - Atención San Miguel".
  47. ^Times, Los Angeles (November 3, 2014). "Mexican filmmaker Luis Estrada's satirical agenda hits home".

External links[edit]

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