Good morning, afternoon, or evening! Today we’ll take our first step into looking at specific multiclasses, and what better way than to start out than with the classic Ranger/Rogue combo? Let’s take a deeper dive into what makes this multiclass worth dipping into.
To start off, let’s look at a few similarities and differences between Rogues and Rangers. First, both start with R. Second, both are Dexterity based classes that are equally comfortable with a bow or a shortsword, darting in and out of melee range. They’re also both exceptionally good at certain things; Rogues at detecting traps, stealthing, and picking locks, and Rangers at natural exploration and communicating with animals/plants. They both like to roll lots of dice and are both classes that appeal to first time players!
Their differences come in their secondary stats, their consistency, and spellcasting. Rogues are backed up by intelligence or charisma and are generally much more consistent, being able to use their expertise in stealth/thieves’ tools to constantly succeed on checks in many situations. Rangers, though backed up by the superior wisdom stat, get the short end of the stick, relying on a DM that focuses in on natural exploration. On the contrary, rogues can be unreliable in combat since all of their damage is focused in on one hit. Rangers get Multiattack and a slew of abilities that can deal extra damage on a hit or provide rangers with an extra attack. Rangers can get up to three attacks by level 3 if they’re a two weapon fighter! Rangers also get access to some decent spellcasting, getting great spells like hunter’s mark as well as a few solid control spells. But…. what happens when you combine them?
When combined, the Rogue/Ranger multiclass is adept at a multitude of things:
One, they become an incredible skill monkey, picking up proficiencies from both classes and Expertise at Rogue level 1. Rangers in general tend to be more skill reliant than say, a fighter or a barbarian, so expertise benefits them immensely. Putting this in stealth and combining it with pass without a trace means you’ll almost never roll below a 20 for stealth rolls. You can also pump your expertise in your ranger skills if you find yourself in an exploration campaign, giving yourself an incredible survival and perception score, never losing the path for your allies and spotting any threats before they can ambush you. If you go far enough into Rogue, you can even get the second set of expertise and be good at both of those things!
Two, their damage takes a nice spike. Though just one level in rogue will only net you 1d6, the average 4 damage it provides adds that little extra oomph when used alongside hunter’s mark and one of the many ranger features that lets you add extra damage, such as the Hunter’s Colossus Slayer or the Horizon Walker’s Planar Warrior. Adding more levels in rogue simply increases your ability to deal big damage with your initial hit and a decent follow up with either a multiattack or two weapon fighting. A special shout out goes to Beast Master Rangers, who can send their animal companions into the fray to guarantee sneak attack for them on a target!
Three, Cunning Action. That’s all. In reality, Rangers do have some mobility issues if they aren’t using their spells, even though we tend to envision rangers as able to dart around the battlefield, striking down multiple foes. A simple two level dip into Rogue allows you to do this, using your bonus action to Dash, Disengage, or Hide! While many would think this interferes with a two weapon fighting ranger, I’ve found in my experience and asking friends who have played this multiclass that they much prefer the added versatility in what they can do with their bonus action and very rarely complain that they’re missing out on an attack.
Looking at actually building the character, I think that you have good reason to start in both classes, but Ranger takes the edge. The higher hit die, weapon/armor/save proficiencies, and starting equipment outweigh the skills you get from being a Rogue. I’d go up to 5 levels in Ranger, snagging multiattack, an ASI, Spellcasting, and your Archetype on the way. Pretty much every subclass seems to work, with special props going to Gloomstalker for being the most “rogue-esque”.
When it comes to Rogue levels, I wouldn’t go past 3 levels. You get your main abilities you’re looking for in the first two levels and most Rogue archetypes tend to be front loaded in their skill distribution, so picking those up isn’t too bad. If you didn’t grab expertise in Survival/Nature, definitely consider going for Scout, since it not only fits the multiclass best but it gives you extra mobility and expertise in those two skills. Swashbuckler lets you dash in and out of combat and couples well with your advantage on initiative (if you’re using the UA ranger!), even if it’s a measely +1 (unless you’re the most charismatic ranger like Viggo Mortensen). Lastly, Thief gives you some vertical mobility, allowing you to not spend extra movement to climb and jump a little further. The reason you don’t want to be going further is the abilities get a bit redundant and Rangers tend to get more from higher levels.
That’ll conclude our article on the Ranger/Rogue multiclass! Have you tried out this multiclass? What’s your experience with it? Let us know on our twitter or on our instagram, or even in our forums! Thank you all for taking the time to read your article, we truly appreciate it!
Tags: dnd, dnd5e, ranger, ranger 5e, ranger rogue, rogue, rogue 5e, rogue ranger
[Top 5] D&D Best Ranger Builds That Are OP
Which are the 5 most OP D&D ranger builds?
Are you starting a new campaign and thinking of playing as a ranger? Come with me and I’ll tell you how to become the Aragorn amongst your fellowship of players. Or the Hawkeye if a bow is more your jam.
The ranger isn’t by far the strongest class in D&D 5e (some would argue the weakest). But it can be a very fun one to play with. Fear not dear reader, I’ll teach you some of the best builds to turn it into something OP that you can use to cause some REAL damage and wreck your enemies to bits and pieces. We’ll focus on five specific builds, two for melee combat and three for ranged.
Now, for your ability scores, you should put dexterity or strength before anything else. Most of the options here will work better with dexterity though. To maximize the build I’d recommend dexterity (15), constitution (14), wisdom (13), intelligence (12), strength (10), and charisma (8) to start with. If you prefer a strength-based build then go with strength (15), dexterity (14), constitution (13), wisdom (12), intelligence (10), and charisma (8).
5. Pure Ranger (If you don’t wanna deal with multiclassing)
The pteranodon is just one of the best mounts in the game.
Ok, so multiclassing can be a bit of extra work and if you don’t want to go through it no problems! Here’s the best you can make of a pure ranger build: a folk hero beast master stout halfling that’s bonded with a pteranodon. It sounds wild am I right?
Using the dexterity-focused ability scores I mentioned earlier and the UA revised ranger you can have on hell of an archer, with damage that would make Hawkeye proud. The cherry on top is of course the pteranodon. Raining arrows on your enemies from where many can’t reach you is insanely OP, especially at the lower levels.
- With the stout halfling you'll have a +2 bonus to your dexterity, the lucky (that is already awesome by itself) and the brave traits, halfling nimbleness, and a +1 to your constitution.
- Pick perception, stealth, and investigation as your class skills because the folk hero background will grant you proficiency in animal handling and survival.
- On the second level go with the archery fighting style to get a sweet +2 bonus to your attack rolls and top it off with the sharpshooter feat.
- And now to the best part, on the third level choose the Beast Master archetype. With the revised ranger version you’ll have a pretty powerful conclave and the chance to bond with a pteranodon. Since you’re a halfling you can actually mount your companion and he has the amazing ability Flyby, which means no opportunity attacks when you’re flying around on him!
4. The Bear (when you prefer melee and to bash peoples skulls in)
The bear barbarian is already kinda OP by itself, and usually a great choice when multiclassing.
If you want a strength-based ranger this is the go-to with multiclassing, after all, there’s something thrilling about hand-to-hand combat. To be up close and personal with all the blood and gore I recommend this: human variant pirate hunter conclave ranger multiclassing into the path of the totem warrior barbarian.
Using the strength ability scores, there’s no reason for your ranger to be stuck as a ranged player. With this build, you'll end up with an extremely resistant character that has a ton of bonuses, especially if you're up against one of your favored enemies. Plus you get to Hulk out and smash around!
- With your extra points from the human variant in strength and constitution and with your free feat at first level, you can get the Great Weapon Master feat. Grab a heavy weapon and, if you take the -5 penalty to the attack roll, you can add +10 to the damage!
- Again, use the UA revised ranger. You’ll have an advantage on initiative rolls and on attack rolls against creatures that have not acted on your first turn. The pirate background will give you the athletics and perception skills, so pick stealth, survival, and investigation for your class ones. Also, talk to your DM before choosing your favored enemy and Greater Favored Enemy since you have a +2 bonus to damage rolls with weapon attacks against them.
- Pick defense for your fighting style, +1 to AC is nothing to laugh at. At the 3rd level get the Colossus Slayer feature, it'll give you a 1d8 bonus to your damage roll if the creature you're hitting isn't with full hp once per turn. At the 5th level, you'll get an Extra Attack and at the 7th you can get the Multiattack Defense to get a bonus to your AC when an enemy has multiattack and has already hit you.
- At the 11th level, you can get the Whirlwind Attack so that you can try to hit anything within 5 feet of you with only one action. And at the 15th level pick the Evasion feature to save you from a lot of unwanted damage.
- With all that you should get at least 3 levels of barbarian. Already on its first level you can enter a Rage and get some awesome perks like advantages in some checks, a +2 bonus to your damage rolls made with melee weapons that use strength, and a few very useful resistances. Plus you'll get Unarmored Defence, which can be so useful when you don't have magic armor.
- At the second level, you get Danger Sense and Reckless Attack and finally, at the third level, you can choose your Primal Path. My recommendation is the Path of the Totem Warrior's Bear, it will give you resistance to everything except psychic damage while raging.
3. Wild Magic (if you really wanna do magic)
Magic is always fun to exploit, but most times it's best to only multiclass into a class that uses the same ability score to cast.
If you just love all the possibilities that magic can bring to the table but still want it to be kinda broken you're gonna love this build. To abuse the magic system you should make this character: a folk hero wood elf hunter conclave ranger multiclassing into circle of the moon druid.
Now let’s talk magic.
Hunters Mark is a must for all ranger builds. It gives you a 1d6 of extra damage whenever you hit the creature you marked as well as advantage against them on wisdom and perception checks. Goodberry is also amazing, making berries (duh) that heal 1 hp each. Silence is a pretty good one too when you're up against another caster. Spike growth is also quite useful in creating difficult terrain and causing some damage. But my favorite by far is Conjure Animals, which lets you summon spirits that take beast form and the possibilities are endless if you're creative enough. Lightning Arrow is also an awesome choice for archers.
All of this works for almost all the builds in this list.
Now, the druids’ spells have some overlap with the rangers because of similar themes. But there are still some great ones you can get. Conjure Woodland Beings, Conjure Elemental and Conjure Fey are similar to Conjure animals and equally useful. Polymorph can also be very useful when used creatively, allowing you to transform yourself or others into beasts. Wrath of Nature can also be an excellent option to slow down enemies and cause damage.
In the end with this build you'll be able to shoot some arrows, get way more spells slots, and be able to switch to melee in your beast form when necessary.
- The wood elf race will give you a +1 bonus for your wisdom and a +2 to your dexterity. Then pick perception, stealth, and investigation as your class skills and you'll get proficiency in animal handling and survival from the folk hero background. Also, pick the sharpshooter feat to ignore anything but full cover and have that possible +10 to your damage rolls.
- You're still gonna use the dexterity-based ability scores but you're gonna play your hunter conclave a little differently. First, you'll choose the archery fighting style to cash in that +2 to hit bonus. Then at the 3rd level pick the Horde Breaker feature so that you can attack another creature that's within 5 feet of the one you just attacked with the same weapon (Pick the longbow, you can't go wrong with the longbow). In the 5th level pick the Multiattack Defence again and at the 11th the Volley feature to shoot arrows at any creatures within 10 feet of a point you can see in your weapon range.
- At least six of your levels should be dedicated to your druid multiclass. Yes, just so you can grab the precious Circle of the Moon! On your second druid level, you'll be able to use your Wild Shape to transform into a beast with a challenge rate as high as 1 (and you still can maintain concentration on a spell you've already cast). When you transform you assume the beasts hit points, but when you turn back you return to the hit points you had before you transformed, and oh boy is this easy to abuse.
- On your 6th druid level, the challenge rating of your Wild Shape can be as high as your druid level divided by 3, rounded down. Plus now your attacks in beast form count as magical so that resistance or immunity to nonmagical attacks aren't a bother anymore.
2. The Crossbow Assassin with a twist (if you wanna be sneaky and teleport)
Crossbows are awesome too and with the right build can be a really powerful weapon.
Now, if you want a character that can do both melee and ranged attacks with the same weapon, get all those juicy sneak attacks, and teleport this is your go-to: human variant urchin Horizon Walker conclave ranger multiclassing into assassin rogue.
With Distant Strike you're sure to have a lot of fun approaching or getting the heck away from your enemies, in higher levels, you’ll basically become Nighcrawler. With the added benefit of still having all five fingers. The dexterity ability scores will pull all this together and really boost your rogue multiclass.
- With your bonus human variant points in dex and intelligence get the Crossbow Expert feature. That way you can use a single-hand crossbow both in ranged and in melee attacks. With the Archery fighting style, you can also add that +2 to your damage rolls. Since the urchin background will give you the sleight of hand and stealth skills pick perception, survival, and investigation for your class ones.
- On your third level you'll get Detect Portal, which may or may not be useful depending on the campaign, and the Planar warrior that allows you to turn all the damage you did to a creature into force damage and also throws in a 1d8 of onus force damage. Then at the 7th level, you learn the Ethereal Step, that's the Etherealness spells without using spell slots.
- Finally, you gain Distant Strike at the 11th level, the crown jewel of this conclave. It allows you to teleport up to 10 feet before each attack and if you attack two creatures with the action you can use it to attack a third creature.
- With the multiclassing into rogue, you gain expertise in two skills and the awesome sneak attack. It gives you a 1d6 bonus on damage if you have advantage against the creature you're attacking. On the 2nd level, you can also use a bonus action to dash, disengage or hide. And at the 3rd level, you can pick the Assassin archetype to get advantage against creatures that haven't taken their turn in combat yet and a critical hit against any creature that you surprise.
1. The Northern Ranger (for when you just have to be the heir to the throne)
Aragorn, son of Arathorn, the character on which this entire class was based of.
D&D rangers were inspired by the great Aragorn, son of Arathorn so nothing would be more suitable than making a character inspired on him for this list. To make this happen you should go with this: human outlander hunter conclave ranger multiclassing into battlemaster fighter.
The fighter class and strength-based ability scores are one hell of a combination with the Hunter conclave. Although relatively simple in its mechanics, this combo stacks useful abilities and bonuses like its gold. Truly fit for a king.
- Geting the feat Lucky you’re able to basically reroll certain plays, which can save your life here and there. Pick perception, stealth, and animal handling as your class skills because the outlander background will give you athletics and survival. Plus the dueling fighting skill to get that +2 bonus to your damage rolls.
- Once in 3rd level with the Hunter conclave, you can get the Hoard Breaker to attack another creature that's within 5 feet of the original one, and good old Multiattack defense at 7th level. Other ranger abilities will also help bring the character to life like the Favored Enemies, Fleet of Foot and Hide in Plain Sight.
- With your fighter multiclass you'll choose another fighting style, pick defense to get a +1 bonus to your AC. On the 2nd level, you'll have Action Surge, which is an extra action per long rest.
- On the 3rd level, you can choose the Battle Master archetype and get access to three special maneuvers fueled by your superiority dice. Get Disarming Attack, Ripost and Menacing Attack. At the 10th level, your superiority dice will get even better!
- As a fighter you'll get an Extra Attack, so you can attack twice each time you use an action. And at 9th level you can reroll a saving throw you failed using the Indomitable feature.
Here are some other articles you may find interesting:
DnD 5e – Practical Guide to Multiclassing
Last Updated: September 26, 2021
Multiclassing is a powerful tool for character optimization. While individual classes work well on their own, sometimes exploring multiple classes can add some powerful new options to a character while also allowing you to explore interesting story ideas.
However, multiclassing is also complicated. Building a character already involves a large number of complicated decisions, and adding multiclassing to the mix can make the process intimidating, especially for new players. This article is written with two purposes: first, to explain multiclassing in terms that are clearer and more specific than those in the Player’s Handbook; and second, to provide guidance on multiclassing options from a character optimization perspective.
Table of Contents
How Does Multiclassing Work?
Multiclassing is actually pretty simple. It looks confusing and the text in the Player’s Handbook has some gaps (which I’ll fix below), but if you understand the core rules of advancing a single-class character you don’t need to know much more to successfully advance a multiclassed character.
This page uses two terms which were used in previous editions of DnD, but don’t exist officially in 5th edition. However, they’re useful descriptors of concepts core to multiclassing, so I’m going to use them throughout the article.
- Character Level: Your characters total number of levels across all of their classes. For a single-class character, your Character level is the same number as your Class Level.
- Class Level: Your number of levels in a single class. For example, if Joe is a Fighter 3 / Rogue 1, their class level in Fighter is 3 and their class level in Rogue is 1.
Selecting a Class
When planning to multiclass, typically your first step is to consider which class you want to multiclass into. Every class has things to offer, so I’ll go into more detail on suggestions later in this article. Provided that you meet the prerequisites, you can take levels in that class the next time you would gain a level.
Keep in mind that you can’t take the same class more than once. You can’t multiclass into a class in which you already have levels. No Rogue 1 / Rogue 1. I see new players ask about that a lot.
There are some prerequisites to multiclass into every class. Typically, all that’s required is an ability score of 13 or better in one or two ability scores which the class is dependent upon. See the Customization Options chapter of the Player’s Handbook for the table of multiclass prerequisites. For the Artificer, see the Artificer class description in Eberron: Rising from the Last War or in Tasha’s Cauldron of Everything.
Experience points are based on your character level, and that doesn’t change regardless of how many classes you have.
Hit Points and Hit Dice
Hit Points are additive: As you gain levels, you’ll roll for hit points (or take the rounded average, which you should always do) and add them to your hit point maximum just like if you gained a level in your original class. Remember that you use the “Hit Points at Higher Levels” entry for your class rather than the “Hit Points at 1st Level” entry. “Hit Points at 1st Level” refers to your character level, not your class level.
Hit Dice are similarly additive. Every time you gain a level in a class, you add a hit die of the appropriate size to your pool of hit dice. This will often result in having multiple hit die sizes. When you spend a hit die, you can choose which die to use. But the hit dice aren’t interchangeable: if you only have one d12 hit die (such as from one level in Barbarian) and the rest are d6’s (such as from several levels in Wizard), you only get to use the d12 hit die once per day.
Proficiency Bonus is based on your character level. While it’s included in every class’s class features table, it advances based on the sum of your levels rather than your level in a single class. If you multiclass, your Proficiency Bonus is still just as good as everyone else’s.
Knowing a cantrip can come from a variety of sources: your race, your class, feats, or maybe your DM just gave it to you or something. Cantrips, like Proficiency Bonus, advance based on your character level. No matter how many classes you take, your damage-dealing cantrips will add more damage at character levels 5, 11, and 17. If you multiclass late in your career, your damage is still based on your character level, so if you spend your 20th level to take one level of Wizard you’re suddenly very good at cantrips.
Ability Score Increases
Ability Score Increases are a class feature. While most classes gain Ability Score Increases at 4th, 8th, 12th, 16th, and 19th level (Fighters and Rogues both get more), it’s still a class feature. It is entirely possible to multiclass so much that you never gain an Ability Score Increase.
When you multiclass into a new class, you don’t get everything which you would normally get from being a 1st-level character of that class. You do get everything listed in the class features table for the class, but you’ll typically get a reduced set of the class’s initial proficiencies (armor, skills, tools, weapons, etc.), and you never gain new starting equipment or saving throw proficiencies when you multiclass into a new class unless the class grants a feature that gives you additional saving throw proficiencies like the Rogue’s Slippery Mind.
Keep in mind that duplicate proficiencies do not get replaced or upgraded or anything like that. If you get proficiency in medium armor twice, you’re still just proficient in medium armor. If you get proficiency in Stealth twice, you’re still just proficient in Stealth. The rule which allows you to replace redundant proficiencies is specific to backgrounds, and applies only to proficiencies granted by your background.
See the Customization Options chapter of the Player’s handbook for the table of which proficiencies you gain from multiclassing.
Class Features from Multiple Classes
Several classes grant features with the same name. When this happens, there are some specific rules for some of these features. The Player’s Handbook details Channel Divinity, Extra Attack, and Unarmored Defense but I’ve added some additional class features which new players often find confusing.
- Ability Score Increases: Ability Score increases are independent of one another. You can gain as many as you can squeeze out of 20 levels.
- Channel Energy: You don’t get more uses between rests, but you can add additional ways to use it.
- Cantrips: Cantrips known are additive, but remember that the source that gives you the cantrip determines the ability score which you use with that spell. For example: a High Elf Cleric / Wizard would get one cantrip from their race and a few from each class. You could select Toll the Dead from all three sources technically (don’t do that) and you would have the ability to cast it using both Wisdom (Cleric) and Intelligence (High Elf or Wizard).
- Extra Attack: The wording of Extra Attack very specifically doesn’t add an attack; it replaces the number of attacks you can make. If two sources say “you can make two attacks”, you can still only make two attacks.
- Unarmored Defense: Unarmored Defense provides new calculation methods for determining your AC, just like donning armor or having natural armor from your race. You can choose which AC calculation to use (generally you’ll want to use the highest), but you still only get to use one at a time.
Spellcasting / Pact Magic
The rules for spellcasting for multiclassed characters are detailed, and it’s important that you read the original source text. I can’t reproduce it here because it’s not part of the SRD, so please see the Player’s Handbook.
One interesting note: All of the partial spellcasters in the Player’s Handbook (paladins, arcane tricksters, etc.) round their levels down when calculating your effective level for the purposes of spellcasting. The Artificer rounds up, and currently they’re the only class to do so.
Should I Multiclass?
Now that you understand how multiclassing works, it’s time to ask yourself an important question: Should I multiclass?
Generally, no. A single-class character is usually perfectly fine. While multiclassing is a great way to get something different for your character, it’s not guaranteed to be something better than what you would get from a single class.
That said, if you do multiclass you can find a great number of powerful new options to improve your character.
When Should I Multiclass?
This question has two meetings: “When should I choose to make a multiclass character?” and “when in my character’s level progression should I multiclass?”, but that doesn’t fit well into a section heading.
You should multiclass when you’re looking to address a gap in your character’s capabilities, such as poor action economy, low AC, or new spellcasting options. As explained above, many characters work fine as a single-class character, but sometimes new class features can really add a lot to your character.
When to begin taking levels in a new class is more complicated. It’s tempting to start looking at other classes right at level 2, and sometimes that’s okay to do. But be careful about what happens at level 5. Level 5 brings powerful options like Extra Attack and 3rd-level spells like Fireball, and the game’s math is designed to respond to that sharp increase in player characters’ capabilities with an equivalent jump in difficulty. If you postpone crucial features like Ability Score Increases, Extra Attack, and high-level spells, you may have trouble with high-CR foes. If you do choose to multiclass, be sure that whatever you get in exchange will offset whatever you give up or postpone.
How Many Levels Should I Take in Each Class?
This is probably the second-hardest question, right behind “which class do I take?”, and it has a similarly frustrating answer: it depends on your build.
Players will commonly take what I refer to as a “class dip”, where they take a small number of levels in a class before moving on to another class or back to their original class. This is often an effective way to build a multiclassed character because classes often grant several powerful features in their first few levels.
Sometimes you’ll instead want to alternate sets of levels between two classes. This is less common because it often results in being bad at two classes rather than really good at one with some goodies from another, but I have seen a handful of builds where it makes sense.
Classes have some logical “break points” where it often makes sense to break away from that class. This is typically after you get some specific class features like the class’s initial subclass features or an Ability Score Increase. I’ll discuss break points for each class in the Classes and Subclasses section, below.
Classes and Subclasses
Below I’ll discuss each class and subclass and what they can offer other classes. There are few truly bad options since nearly every class and subclass has something to offer, but not every class/subclass will add something useful to every build. I’ll list numbered bullets with break points and explain why you might advance to that level before switching away from the class.
If you’re building a new character and planning to multiclass at some point, I encourage you to explore the section below now. Starting with a level in a class changes your character a great deal, and even if you never take another level in that class a 1st-level class dip can be a great build choice.
Artificers are a great class dip for many spellcasting classes both because of their unique rules for multiclassing, access to medium armor and shields, and because they get proficiency in Constitution saving throws, not to mention a number of fantastic class features which essentially any character can use.
- Magical Tinkering, Spellcasting: Magical Tinkering doesn’t do much, but the Artificer’s spellcasting includes a lot of options from the Wizard’s spell list, and notably you get to round Artificer levels up when you calculate your effective level for determining your spell slots. The Artificer gets ritual casting, and they get access to healing spells like Cure Wounds and Healing Word, so for spellcasters like the wizard a single level offers a lot to like.
- Infuse Item, 2 Infused Items: Infuse Item is really good, but unless you make it to level 6 the options are very limited. However, staple options like Enhanced Arcane Focus, Enhanced Defense, and Replicate Magic Item offer enough options that you can easily find 2 options to use to good effect. For help, see my Artificer Handbook.
- Artificer Specialist, The Right Tool for the Job: The benefits of your Artificer Specialist vary. The Right Tool for the Job is situational, but can be useful for a class that’s so good with tools.
- Ability Score Increase: Every class gets an Ability Score Increase at 4th level, and if you already took three levels in the class it’s often very tempting to take one more just to get the ASI.
- Artificer Specialist feature: Varies.
- Tool Expertise, 3 Infused Items: Tool Expertise is neat, but you’re probably here for the additional Infused Item and the additional Infusion options.
Tempting for the Arcane Trickster, but otherwise the Battle Smith is a better class dip for “gish” builds. It’s easy to think “I just want good armor” and look at the Armorer, but unless you’re going to use the specific benefits of the armor it’s not worth the class dip compared to anything else that gets you heavy armor proficiency.
- Tools of the Trade, Armorer Spells, Arcane Armor, Armor Model: The armor is why you’re here. The Defender armor is good for front-line builds, while Infiltrator Armor is very tempting for the Rogue because you get persistent Advantage on Dexterity (Stealth) checks and you can use the Lightning Launcher to deliver Sneak Attack. However, it doesn’t address the MAD issues for the Arcane Trickster like the Battle Smith does, which makes it a hard choice.
- Extra Attack: Arcane tricksters might decide that 2 more levels to get Extra Attack is worth the cost, but I would think long and hard about how desperate you are to make a second attack compared to what you give up, especially since Booming Blade is an option.
Nothing good enough to justify the opportunity cost of multiclassing.
- Tool Proficiency, Alchemist Spells, Experimental Elixir: The spells are nothing new to the Artificer’s spell list. Experimental Elixir is a neat way to turn your 1st-level spell slots into some new effects, but it’s not good enough to justify multiclassing for three levels.
- Alchemical Savant: A nice bonus to common damage spells and to healing spells, but compared to taking more levels in a class with full spellcasting (sorcerer, wizard, etc.) it’s not worth the levels.
Three levels to get an Arcane Cannon can be a powerful asset, even if you don’t have a lot of Intelligence to throw around. Arcane Cannon is that good.
- Tool Proficiency, Artillerist Spells, Eldritch Cannon: The spells are nothing new to the Artificer’s spell list. You’re here for Eldritch Cannon. Even if your Intelligence is mediocre, the Protector option is still spectacular. If you’re built around Intelligence, the Flamethrower and Force Ballista options both work fine even with only three levels in artificer. Even the Wizard might find Eldritch Cannon a better use of a 1st-level spell slot than most spells. If you don’t want to pour spell slots into replacing cannons, leave yours out of combat and it’s still effectively casting False Life on your whole party before every encounter.
- Arcane Firearm: Tempting, but for a full spellcaster this isn’t good enough to justify giving up two levels of your main class’s spellcasting and the additional spell level which it grants.
Battle Ready is the primary reason to multiclass into Battle Smith. It’s an interesting option for Intelligence-based arcane/martial subclasses (arcane trickster, etc.), but it won’t always fix your MAD problems, and you need to consider if giving up 3 to 4 levels in your primary class and postponing your class’s high-level class features is worth having a better Intelligence bonus to back up your spells without sacrificing your attack bonus.
- Tool Proficiency, Battle Smith Spells, Battle Ready, Steel Defender: There are two notable things here: Battle Ready and Steel Defender. Battle Ready is tempting for arcane trickster, eldritch knights, and bladesingers who all typically need to balance their ability scores between either Strength or Dexterity and Intelligence. However, your Steel Defender is much less useful since its hit points are calculated based on your artificer class level.
- Extra Attack: Arcane tricksters might decide that 2 more levels to get Extra Attack is worth the cost, but I would think long and hard about how desperate you are to make a second attack compared to what you give up, especially since Booming Blade is an option.
The Barbarian is a tempting class dip for martial characters or for other classes which want to improve their martial capabilities beyond what their class offers on its own. However, it can also be a difficult option because there are so few boring levels in the class so it’s hard to pick a break point.
- Rage, Unarmored Defense, 2 Rages: Two great reasons to take a barbarian dip. Unarmored Defense is a great option for many martial builds, though it won’t exceed the AC from armor until you’ve acquired several Ability Score Increases. One level only gets Rage twice per day, but when you need help with Strength checks or you just need a little extra damage it’s still a great combat buff.
- Reckless Attack, Danger Sense: Reckless Attack is a great offensive option, but other classes may not be durable enough to risk constantly granting Advantage to hit them. Many rogues eye Reckless Attack, but remember that it only works with melee attack rolls using Strength. Danger Sense is similarly tempting if you combine it with the Rogue’s Evasion, granting you near immunity to many AOE damage effects. Danger Sense is less useful for other classes, but AOE damage is still very common so it’s still very useful.
- Primal Path, 3 Rages, Primal Knowledge (Optional): Varies by Primal Path. You also gain a 3rd rage per day at this level.
- Ability Score Increase: Every class gets an Ability Score Increase at 4th level, and if you already took three levels in the class it’s often very tempting to take one more just to get the ASI.
- Extra Attack, Fast Movement: Extra Attack is a central feature of most martial classes, but by this level you should probably think about making barbarian your primary class. Fast Movement is nice, too, and most marti classes don’t grant anything except Extra Attack at 5th level.
- Path Feature, 4 Rages: Varies by Primal Path. You also gain a 4th rage per day.
Path of the Ancestral Guardian
- Ancestral Protectors: One of very few “taunt” mechanics in the game, this is a great way to force enemies to focus on you in combat. You also get 3 rages per day at this level, so you can employ this several times throughout the day.
- Spirit Shield (2d6): This is good, but it’s not good enough to justify multiclassing 6 levels.
Path of the Battlerager
The AC lost when you compare Half Plate to Spiked Armor is likely not worth the Bonus Action attack which you get in return. If you’re desperate for an additional way to spend your Bonus Action, consider a level of Monk for Martial Arts or try two-weapon fighting.
- Battlerager Armor: Battlerager Armor is bad medium armor. It gets you a Bonus Action attack which sounds tempting, but if you want to use a two-handed weapon with a Bonus Action attack, take one more level and get Polearm Master with the level 4 Ability Score Improvement.
- Reckless Abandon: Up to 5 temporary hit points every round when you decide to use Reckless Attack. This is a nice pad to your hit points, but it’s nowhere near good enough to take 6 levels of barbarian to get it.
Path of the Beast
An excellent subclass on its own, but a dismal multiclass dip.
- Form of the Beast: Good buffs to your rage, but unless you abandon your manufactured weapons in favor of the natural weapons you’re basically ignoring the benefits. At just three rages per day, you need to be comfortable fighting with your manufactured weapons and consider Rage an occasional combat buff, so it’s hard to build yourself around using claws or whatever a few times per day.
- Bestial Soul: Absolutely not good enough to justify 6 levels. Take a few levels in something that can cast spells and you can handle these problems magically.
Path of the Berserker
Frenzy is the most likely reason why you might consider Path of the Berserker, but you’re unlikely to use it more than once per day, and if you do use it you’re going to regret it for the rest of the day, so you’re spending 3 levels to get a class feature that you’re going to regret using.
- Frenzy: Frenzy is a hard choice for the Barbarian because Exhaustion can be a serious problem due to its increasing effects as you add levels of Exhaustion. As your number of rages per day increases, the temptation to take on more and more levels of exhaustion grows, and since exhaustion only wears off one level per long rest, it can be a multi-day endeavor to recover from a few uses of Frenzy. But if you only go a few levels into barbarian and only have 2 or 3 rages per day, Frenzy is much less of a problem since it’s so much harder to rack up levels of exhaustion. If you just need a good combat buff once or twice a day, Frenzy is a viable option so long as you can handle having 1 or 2 levels of exhaustion afterward. But if you just need a once per day combat buff, 3 levels in barbarian is a terrible way to get it.
- Mindless Rage: Charm and Fear effects are common and they’re great ways to take a martial character out of a fight since martial characters typically have poor mental saves. But I don’t think it’s good enough to go this far into the Barbarian to get it.
Path of the Storm Herald
Storm Aura is too dependent on barbarian class level to make it viable for a multiclassed character.
- Storm Aura: This is a really great class feature, but the effects scale with barbarian class level so unless you’re a single-class barbarian the effects will gradually become less and less appealing as you gain levels.
- Storm Soul: Basically just damage resistance to one damage type. Not worth the levels.
Path of the Totem Warrior
Three levels of Path of the Totem Warrior gets you the first totem ability, which adds a powerful additional effect to your Rage.
- Spirit Seeker / Totem Spirit: Spirit Seeker is very situational, but that’s not why you’re here. Totem Spirit adds an additional effect to your rage, and with 3 rages per day that can be a big tactical option. Generally people will go for Bear for the additional damage resistances, but in a party with other melee allies don’t overlook Wolf.
- Aspect of the Beast: These abilities are almost entire “flavor” abilities with very little substance.
Path of the Zealot
Path of the Zealot is already a niche option for death-prone players, and multiclassing into it doesn’t make it better.
- Divine Fury, Warrior of the Gods: Divine Fury is too dependent on class level, and Warrior of the Gods is only appealing if you die frequently and don’t like building replacement characters.
- Fanatical Focus: Great, but less useful since you’re not going to continue to get additional rages per day.
Path of Wild Magic
- Magic Awareness, Wild Surge: Magic Awareness’s uses per day scale with your Proficiency Bonus, and Wild Surge is a great (though unpredictable) buff to Rage which works on anyone who would use Rage effectively.
- Bolstering Magic: The benefits are good, but not worth a 6 level dip. The bonus to attacks can be matched by effects like Bless or Guidance, and you’ll restore at most 6 spell slots if you go that route. If you instead took 3 levels of Cleric you would get 6 spell slots and you could cast Bless among numerous other benefits.
A tempting option for any Charisma-based character, especially spellcasters, the Bard’s unique mix of spellcasting, skill mastery, and support features makes them a great way to broaden your skillset without a big level investment. Bard subclasses are diverse, offering numerous ways to improve various capabilities depending on what you want from your class dip.
Even for non-Charisma characters, the Bard has a lot to offer between extra proficiencies, spellcasting (including ritual casting), and numerous powerful low-level class features, many of which use your Bonus Action or work outside of combat so they won’t conflict with most of your other class features.
- Spellcasting, Bardic Inspiration (d6): If you have decent Charisma, a single level of bard gets you quite a bit. Light armor (great for sorcerers), proficiency in any one skill and an instrument, plus some staple bard features.
Bardic Inspiration is just incredibly useful, and even if you never improve the die, increasing your Charisma will add more uses so it’s a great option for other Charisma-based spellcasters like paladins, sorcerers, and warlocks, as well other characters who might have high Charisma like some rogues.
The Bard’s spellcasting at 1st level isn’t going to be stunningly powerful, but it includes some great healing and support options like Healing Word and Heroism, and you do get ritual casting with the handful of bard spells that you learn.
- Jack of All Trades, Song of Rest (d6), Magical Inspiration (Optional): Song of rest is always nice, but beyond low levels the extra d6 will quickly feel like an insignificant addition to other healing during a Short Rest. It’s like sprinkles on top of a big bowl of ice cream: It looks nice and it feels nice, but it’s not really doing much at that point.
Jack of All Trades is why you’re really here. Ironically, it’s more useful with skills if you have fewer skill proficiencies so it’s a great option for multiclassed characters who didn’t start as a bard or rogue, but its benefits don’t stop with skills. I’ve found a long list of other cases where it applies and they’re listed on my Bard Handbook.
- Bard College, Expertise: The benefits of your bard college will vary by college. Expertise is useful on nearly every character, and you get to pick two proficiencies. If you’re not sure, Perception is always a good choice.
- Ability Score Increase, Bardic Versatility (Optional): Every class gets an Ability Score Increase at 4th level, and if you already took three levels in the class it’s often very tempting to take one more just to get the ASI.
- Bardic Inspiration (d8), Font of Inspiration: If you’ve been enjoying Bardic Inspiration, this is a great level. Not only does the die size increase, but your pool of dice resets on Short Rests so you can get as many as three times your Charisma Modifier per day (assuming that you’re using the Adventuring Day rules).
- Countercharm, Bard College Feature: Countercharm is very situational, so you’re taking this level for your subclass feature.
College of Creation
If you’re exploring the bard for Bardic Inspiration, College of Creation is the best choice. Going to level 5 for Font of Inspiration will make Mote of Potential extremely effective, even without advancing your Bardic Inspiration die’s size past d8.
- Mote of Potential, Performance of Creation: Mote of Potential is a big improvement to Bardic Inspiration, so if you plan to use Bardic Inspiration frequently College of Creation becomes an easy choice, but you’ll probably want to go to at least level 5 to get Font of Inspiration. Performance of Creation is an interesting utility, and even if you stop at level 3 60gp is enough to cover most of the items in the Player’s Handbook.
- Animating Performance: The item’s stats are based heavily on your class level, so it’s not going to be useful as a combat pet. But you can still turn a cart or wagon into a flying car.
College of Eloquence
Literally everything you get is fantastic, and relying more on Charisma makes it progressively better. If you’re going for a bard dip and don’t know what else to take, College of Eloquence is a great choice.
- Silver Tongue, Unsettling Words: This is a good level for any Face character, but it’s a great level for any spellcaster. Sure, your Bardic Inspiration die is only a d6, but the average roll on a d6 is 3.5 and Disadvantage works out to a penalty slightly worse than -3, which means that you can impose a penalty which is on average larger than Disadvantage as Bonus Action, then follow it up with a spell as an Action.
- Unfailing Inspiration, Universal Speech: Unfailing Inspiration is a major improvement to Bardic Inspiration, and Universal Speech is fantastic on any Face character.
College of Glamour
Mantle of Inspiration is an interesting option if you multiclassed into bard but don’t want to invest in Charisma and Face skills to make College of Eloquence’s features more appealing. Other than that, there’s very little here worth having.
- Mantle of Inspiration, Enthralling Performance: Mantle of Inspiration is an interesting tactical option, but I’ve always found Enthralling Performance to be very difficult to use.
- Mantle of Majesty: Absolutely not worth this many levels.
College of Lore
If you need better Face skills, go for College of Eloquence. If you just want more skill proficiencies, College of Lore is a good choice.
- Bonus Proficiencies, Cutting Words: Three more skill proficiencies of your choice. Cutting Words offers a useful way to apply Bardic Inspiration defensively without spending the Bonus Action ahead of time to give your ally an inspiration die.
- Additional Magic Secrets: The point of Magic Secrets is to enable the Bard to get access to other class’s spells without multiclassing. If you’re taking 6 levels of bard to get 2 spells from another class, why not just take levels in that class?
College of Spirits
The most likely reason to take College of Spirits is for Spirit Session, but spending the same number of levels in a different spellcasting class like the Sorcerer will likely get you more useful magical options.
- Tales from Beyond: Tales from Beyond depends heavily on advancing your Bardic Inspiration die size, so it’s not a great fit.
- Spirit Session: This is a good feature, and the spell level advances based on your Proficiency Bonus so it works well as a multiclass feature. However, it’s limited to Divination and Necromancy spells, and with the number of levels you’re investing to get here you can learn a big pile of spells either from the Bard or from some other class that you could put 6 levels into.
College of Swords
This is a really hard choice. You’ll get better proficiencies from the Fighter with better Fighting Style options, and the Battle Master Fighter’s Superiority Dice offer considerably more tactical options with a similarly-sized pool that recharges on a Short Rest right from 3rd level. If you want spellcasting, other subclasses or even other classes offer better options. If you need both martial proficiencies and spellcasting from one class, I’m not sure what your base class is. Maybe rogue? I could see an Arcane Trickster build here, but it’s difficult to justify.
- Bonus Proficiencies, Fighting Style, Blade Flourish: The proficiencies seem silly in the face of other multiclass options, but you can use weapons as spellcasting focuses and you get a Fighting Style, both of which are appealing for characters looking to balance martial prowess and spellcasting. Blade flourish is thematically interesting, but it eats your Bardic Inspiration dice so it’s hard to recommend using it unless you go far enough to get Font of Inspiration.
- Extra Attack: A level later than martial classes on top of how long you may have postponed it to multiclass.
College of Valor
The only reasons I can think of to pursue College of Valor on a multiclassed character are for the armor and shield proficiencies without giving up the spellcasting progression. If that’s all that you need, take a level of cleric.
- Bonus Proficiencies: If you’re already multiclassing and you want medium armor and martial weapons, a level of fighter is typically a better choice. However, fighter won’t advance your spellcasting so in some builds this may make sense.
- Extra Attack: Essential on any martial character, but valor bards get it a level late and multiclassing into bard to get it this late seems incredibly unwise.
College of Whispers
Words of Terror is the best that College of Whispers can offer a multiclassed character, and it’s not easy enough to use to justify.
Psychic Blades has an interesting place in novelty builds around “smite” mechanics, but on a build you actually plan to play it’s not worth the Bardic Inspiration die to activate it.
- Psychic Blades, Words of Terror: Psychic Blades already isn’t a great ability and it’s very dependent on class level. Words of Terror is neat, but really hard to bring into play.
- Mantle of Whispers: Not good enough to justify this many levels. Just cast Disguise Self.
Despite their role as the iconic divine spellcaster, the Cleric is an interesting class dip for numerous classes. Despite the proficiencies gained from multiclassing into cleric, you can use Divine Domain to get heavy armor proficiency with a single level, not to mention adding powerful low-level cleric spells like Bless and Healing word to your spellcasting options.
Despite their excellent 1st-level and 2nd-level benefits, clerics have several “dead levels” where you get nothing noteworthy except spellcasting advancement, which can make it hard to justify going past low levels.
- Spellcasting, Divine Domain: Clerics have a lot of really great 1st-level spells, and Divine Domain allows you to choose from an unusually broad list of options since there are more Divine Domain options than any other type of subclass.
- Channel Divinity (1/rest), Divine Domain Feature, Harness Divine Power (Optional): Turn Undead trivializes encounters with undead, and even if you never use Channel Divinity for anything else, take comfort knowing that a very common creature type is considerably less threatening.
If you’re using the Optional Class Features, Harness Divine Power is a great way to recover spell slots before a rest. The maximum level scales with your Proficiency Bonus, so it remains useful as you gain levels even though the number of times you can use it doesn’t improve.
- Ability Score Increase, Cantrip Versatility (Optional): Every class gets an Ability Score Increase at 4th level, and if you already took three levels in the class it’s often very tempting to take one more just to get the ASI.
- Channel Divinity (2/rest), Divine Domain Feature: Varies by subclass.
Making wizard cantrips cleric spells also makes them Wisdom-based, which is fantastic for other Wisdom-based classes like the Druid, the Monk, and potentially the Ranger.
- Domain Spells, Arcane Initiate: If you want wizard spells, multiclass into wizard. The only excuses I can think of is that you want wizard cantrips but cleric leveled spells or that you want wizard spells but you want to cast them using Wisdom. Maybe this is appealing for druids?
- Channel Divinity: Arcane Abjuration: Situational. If it works, it can remove a single target from a fight temporarily. But it only targets four creature types, so you can’t rely on it being useful, and unlike Turn Undead it’s single-target so it won’t suddenly trivialize an encounter by making half of your enemies run away while you kill the rest.
- Spell Breaker: Provided that your other levels advance your spellcasting, you can upcast Healing Word at whatever level you need to remove a spell on an ally.
Reaper is a nice addition for School of Necromancy wizards, but beyond that I see very little reason why other classes would consider it.
- Domain Spells, Bonus Proficiency, Reaper: Proficiency in martial weapons isn’t why you’re here. You’re here for Reaper so that you can hit two targets with Chill Touch and with Toll the Dead.
- Channel Divinity: Touch of Death: Too dependent on class level.
- Inescapable Destruction: Tempting, but if you want to be necrotic-damage base blaster you likely need to stick to cleric levels.
Great for a 1-level dip, but otherwise uninteresting.
- Domain Spells, Bonus Proficiencies, Blessing of the Forge: Heavy armor proficiency and a free +1 armor/shield/weapon. If you’re not going any further than level 1, this is a really great choice.
- Channel Divinity: Artisan’s Blessing: Very situational.
- Soul of the Forge: Not worth the levels. If you just want +1 AC take a level of fighter for Fighting Style. If you want fire resistance, cast Absorb Elements.
Grave Domain is a good option for the Cleric, but it’s a hard choice for a multiclass build. It doesn’t offer anything that’s going to support a multiclass build, and while the features aren’t directly dependent on class level they generally improve by being a higher-level cleric and increasing your Wisdom.
- Domain Spells, Circle of Mortality, Eyes of the Grave: The healing benefit of Circle of Mortality is nice because the most important time to heal an ally is when they’re at 0 hit points. Hit them with Healing Word, and they’ll get a few more hit points than they usually would. This won’t be a big mathematical improvement, but it feels nice. Spare the Dying as a Bonus Action is neat, but rarely important since you should be using Healing Word at that point. Eyes of the Grave is very situational.
- Channel Divinity: Path to the Grave: You want to follow this with the biggest single hit that your party can muster. This will be much better if you make it to 6 levels and can use it twice per rest, and unfortunately it’s very hard to capitalize on by yourself.
- Sentinel at Death’s Door: Few builds will have enough Wisdom to make this impactful.
The Knowledge Domain doesn’t give you anything which you couldn’t find elsewhere, and typically other options will have more to offer.
- Domain Spells, Blessing of Knowledge: Proficiency and expertise in two knowledge skills. Neat, but not the sort of impactful new capability which justifies a class dip unless your entire build is about being good at knowledge skills.
- Channel Divinity: Knowledge of the Ages: An interesting way to handle proficiencies which your party lacks, but if you’re multiclassing to get this feature you’ll get more from the Bard’s Jack of All Trades.
- Channel Divinity: Read Thoughts: Reading a creature’s thoughts and hitting them with Suggestion can be very effective, but it’s not worth 6 levels of cleric.
The Life Domain is a frustrating multiclass option because it presents a paradox: it makes you better at casting healing spells, but that’s only meaningful if you cast lots of healing spells, and if you’re already casting lots of healing spells, why do you need to multiclass into cleric? There may be some builds like Divine Soul Sorcerer which can benefit from Life Domain’s features, but even then I’m not sure why you would bother to multiclass instead of just playing a Life Cleric. If you do go this route, I wouldn’t go more than one level.
- Domain Spells, Bonus Proficiency, Disciple of Life: Heavy armor is great, but Disciple of Life is only a meaningful improvement to healing spells if you cast a lot of them or if you have healing spells which provide repeated healing like Healing Spirit or which heal multiple creatures like Mass Healing Word. If your healing options come entirely from a few levels of cleric, Disciple of Life won’t have a meaningful impact.
- Channel Divinity: Preserve Life: While this is a big pile of healing from the Cleric, it scales based on class level, so it’s not a good option for multiclassed characters.
- Blessed Healer: Similar to Disciple of life, this is much less useful unless your primary class has abundant healing options to capitalize on the effects.
The only reason to consider the Light Domain is Warding Flare, and aside from clerics and druids no one has Wisdom high enough to justify it.
- Domain Spells, Bonus Cantrip, Warding Flare: Warding Flare is a great defensive option, but the uses are limited and since you get uses equal to your Wisdom modifier the characters most likely to use this are Wisdom casters. Unfortunately, there are only two Wisdom casters and clerics are half of them. So: is Warding Flare and access to 1st-level cleric spells worth taking a level away from Druid? Maybe. Clerics get a lot of great spells at 1st level.
- Channel Divinity: Radiance of the Dawn: Too situational.
- Improved Flare: Fantastic, but not worth 6 levels.
The primary reason to pursue Nature is to get heavy armor and a druid cantrip in one level. There are few other reasons to go this route.
- Domain Spells, Acolyte of Nature, Bonus Proficiency: In a lot of cases, Acolyte of Nature is going to be used to get Shillelagh. Turning your Wisdom into your attack stat means that you can easily disregard Strength and focus on Wisdom so that you can be really good at spellcasting and melee attacks at the same time. Combine that with heavy armor and shields, and one level of Nature Cleric can turn a high-Wisdom character into a martial threat.
Unfortunately, there are few classes who can actually benefit from that combination. Druids already get Shillelagh and generally can’t use heavy armor since it’s all metal. Monks can’t wear armor, so they need high Dexterity anyway so Shillelagh is a waste of a Bonus Action in most cases. Rangers typically need high Dexterity to support Stealth, so heavy armor isn’t a great choice. The Ranger is probably the best use case or this ability, but if you’re going to build a heavily armored high-Wisdom ranger, you’re essentially building a worse nature cleric. You could consider Shillelagh for Polearm Master builds, but unless you’re going to depend on Wisdom it doesn’t add much.
- Channel Divinity: Charm Animals and Plants: Too situational. Plant and animal creatures stop appearing around CR 12, and even in the ranges where they exist charming them doesn’t give you the ability to speak to them.
- Dampen Elements: Spectacular, especially since there’s no usage limitation beyond your Reaction, but almost certainly not worth 6 levels.
For a spellcaster taking a 1-level dip into cleric, Order Domain is a fantastic choice. The Sorcerer’s Font of Magic feature can be easily abused to turn your high-level spell slots into 1st-level spell slots to power Voice of Authority, allowing you to repeatedly give your party’s most deadly weapon user additional attacks at an alarmingly low resource cost. You also get heavy armor, which is really nice on a squishy character like a sorcerer.
- Domain Spells, Bonus Proficiencies, Voice of Authority: A truly spectacular level for support casters. Heavy armor is great, and Voice of Authority allows you to give your allies a free weapon attack when you target them with a spell (though only one ally gets the effect). If you’re primarily a spellcaster, you’ll have enough spell slots to trigger this repeatedly, and if you have allies who rely on small numbers of big attacks (barbarians, rogues, etc.) an extra attack can provide a massive amount of damage output. Look for inexpensive low-level spells which you can use on your allies like Healing Word and Heroism. Abusing this ability will eat your 1st-level spell slots, so consider some levels in Sorcerer to get Font of Magic so that you can turn higher-level slots into cost-efficient 1st-level spell slots.
- Channel Divinity: Order’s Demand: If you have sufficient Wisdom to back this up, it can be effective both in and out of combat. However, the duration is only until the end of your next turn so you need to act quickly to capitalize on it.
- Embodiment of the Law: Unless you’re built around Wisdom (and very few characters are), you won’t be able to use this frequently enough to justify this many levels.
I recommend banning Peace Domain. I go into detail on why in my Cleric Subclasses Breakdown, and I detail both my problems with the subclass and some changes which would make Peace Domain less problematic.
If you do allow Peace Domain, a 1-level dip for Emboldening Bond is the most powerful single-class dip in the game. To those of you thinking “but what about Hexblade?”: Hexblade is one powerful character. Emboldening Bond makes the whole party overpowered.
- Implement of Peace, Emboldening Bond: Implement of Peace is one skill. Emboldening Bond is perhaps the single most powerful 1-level class dip in the game. It progresses based on Proficiency Bonus and requires absolutely nothing related to the Cleric (Channel Divinity, Wisdom, spell slots, etc.). It has no usage limitations and a 10-minute duration. It stacks with Bless for +2d4 to attacks and saves, trivializing combat in the vast majority of scenarios. Throw in Guidance for ability checks, and basically nothing will ever be hard again.
- Channel Divinity: Balm of Peace: Great on a low-level single-class cleric, but for a class dip it may not be especially impactful. It’s a great way to spend Channel Divinity if you have nothing else to do with it, and it can be a great way to save dying allies, but hopefully you can use Healing Word to solve that problem.
- Protective Bond: Use this to distribute damage among the party “round robin” style to ensure that no one takes more damage than they can handle. This both prevents allies from dying and maximizes the efficiency of your party’s healing resources.
Another option where you get heavy armor but need good Wisdom to make effective use of everything you get. Blasters might enjoy Channel Divinity: Destructive Wrath to boost lightning/thunder damage spells, but one use per day may not be worth two levels.
- Bonus Proficiencies, Wrath of the Storm: Martial weapons and heavy armor can do a lot to add martial capabilities to your build, but Wrath of the Storm needs high Wisdom to make it work meaningfully. If druids could use metal armor this would be great, but it’s hard to think of other builds which would make this work.
- Channel Divinity: Destructive Wrath: Other classes including the Bard, the Druid, the Sorcerer, and the Wizard all have access to spells which deal lightning or thunder damage. Storm sorcery sorcerers might find this especially tempting, and if you take Metamagic (Transmuted Spell), you can turn spells into lightning damage and then maximize their damage.
- Thunderbolt Strike: Interesting, but not worth 6 levels. If you’re really into Destructive Wrath you might want the second use of Channel Divinity, but 4 more levels in your primary class will almost certainly be more effective.
This would be an interesting option for a rogue or a similarly stealthy character looking to add some support capabilities and some magical options.
- Blessing of the Trickster: A great way to solve the challenge of noisy allies, but if you’re taking a level of cleric to keep your allies from ruining your Stealth checks you should spend more time thinking about your tactics rather than spending a level just for this ability.
- Channel Divinity: Invoke Duplicity: This is a fun, deceptive option but the ability to cast spells through the duplicate is a difficult prospect unless you already have enough spellcasting to make it an interesting option.
- Channel Divinity: Cloak of Shadows: Definitely not worth 6 levels.
An excellent class dip, and all the good stuff comes in the first two levels. If your party likes to fight in the dark or likes ambushing enemies, this is a great option. But don’t look this over just because your party isn’t sneaky. Twilight Sanctuary is a powerful defensive buff that will benefit any party.
- Eyes of Night, Vigilant Blessing: Crazy long range on Darkvision, and you can share it with your party without spending a 2nd-level spell slot to cast Darkvision. Fantastic in a party which likes to fight at night or underground. Vigilant Blessing is a really fun buff, especially with an assassin rogue or an area control cast in te party.
- Channel Divinity: Twilight Sanctuary: An absolutely spectacular defensive buff. Even if you never got beyond 2nd level, using this twice per short rest is enough to cover roughly two of every three encounters. The temporary hit points scale with your cleric level, but 1d6+2 temporary hit points per round is still a ton of protection. I recommend some fixes to Twilight Sanctuary (it’s absurdly powerful) in my Cleric Subclasses Breakdown which I still recommend using for multiclass characters. The Charm/Fear removal doesn’t care about your cleric level, and 1d6+2 is still a ton of protection.
- Steps of Night: Good but not worth the levels. Get an item or learn to cast Fly or Air Walk.
If you want a quick dip into cleric to pick up better proficiencies, War Domain is the best way to do it for martial characters. War Priest is a great option even if you only have the required 13 Wisdom to multiclass into cleric, so the extra that you get on top of the proficiencies will still feel satisfying even if your Wisdom isn’t great.
- Bonus Proficiencies, War Priest: Martial weapons, heavy armor, and an extra attack a few times per day. If you need the extra proficiencies, this is probably your best way to get it across any class. War Priest’s usage count is Wisdom-based, but if you already have good uses for your Bonus Action you should think of this as an occasional boost to your damage output rather than a tactical option which you can rely upon constantly. The fact that it’s just a normal attack means that even if your Wisdom is awful the attack is still useful so you’re still getting something meaningful out of the ability.
- Channel Divinity: Guided Strike: This can be really great if you only get one high-damage attack each round, but with only one use of Channel Divinity per short rest it’s not a big improvement to your capabilities.
- Channel Divinity: War God’s Blessing: You’ll have two uses of Channel Divinity, but you’re still more likely to save this for yourself so this isn’t a big improvement.
Druids are a difficult choice as a multiclass option. Their class features are often heavily dependent on class level, and even one level in the class disallows metal armor so anything more protective than studded leather is off limits.
- Druidic, Spellcasting: This is a terrible level. Druid spellcasting is fine, but Druidic is very situational so you’re basically just getting the spellcasting. Access to some Druid-exclusive spells like Shillelagh and Goodberry is nice, but rarely worth a level when you can get them from Magic Initiate.
- Wild Shape, Druidic Circle, Wild Companion (Optional): Wild Shape is a really neat ability with some interesting utility options, but it’s not a good combat option if you’re just dipping into druid, and you need to invest a lot of levels to enable swim speeds and eventually fly speeds.
If you’re using the Optional Class Features, Wild Companion offers easy access to a disposable familiar, as well as a meaningful way to spend your Wild Shape usage pool if you don’t take a subclass that can use it to good effect.
- Ability Score Increase, Cantrip Versatility (Optional): Every class gets an Ability Score Increase at 4th level, and if you already took three levels in the class it’s often very tempting to take one more just to get the ASI.
- Druidic Circle Feature: Varies.
Circle of Dreams
Nothing worth multiclassing to get.
- Balm of the Summer Court: Entirely dependent on class level. Similar in many ways to healing word, but without the scaling pool of dice this won’t be useful compared to spells.
- Hearth of Moonlight and Shadow: There are a number of comparable solutions: Rope Trick, Tiny Hunt, Magnificent Mansion. This is not unique or powerful enough to justify multiclassing.
Circle of Spores
If you have nothing better to do with your Reaction and you’re frequently in melee, Halo of Spores is tempting. But it’s not a ton of damage on its own, and you can’t rely on Symbiotic Entity since the pool of temporary hit points is so small.
- Circle Spells, Halo of Spores, Symbiotic Entity: Halo of Spores appears to scale with character level rather than class level, but it’s not clear if that’s intentional and I can’t find any sage advice, errata, or tweets on the subject. If it is dependent on character level, it’s a small, but consistent and reliable source of damage output. However, it’s also poison damage (which is commonly resisted) and the 10-foot range is dangerous unless you’re built for melee.
Symbiotic Entity is heavily dependent on class level. Your pool of temporary hit points is 4 times your druid class level, and symbiotic entity ends when those hit points go away. Unless you’re using a ranged weapon, you’re in melee drawing attacks and Symbiotic Entity could fall off at any point. Since activating Symbiotic Entity is an Action, it’s unlikely that you’ll activate it again during the same fight.
- Fungal Infestation: This ability isn’t great on a single-class druid, and multiclassing doesn’t make it any better.
Circle of Stars
Only interesting for clerics, and I don’t know if it’s good enough to delay your spellcasting by 2 levels.
- Star Map, Starry Form: Very tempting for a cleric, you get some free spells and Starry Form turns your two Wild Shape uses per short rest into a powerful and versatile buff. The bonuses are Wisdom-based so it all works great for the Cleric. Archer for damage output, chalice when you desperately need healing, and dragon when you need to maintain Concentration. Unfortunately other classes won’t gain much from this. Ranges might give Stary Form (Archer) a look, but it doesn’t work with Hunter’s Mark so your Bonus Action is bette spent elsewhere.
- Cosmic Omen: School of Divination’s Portent feature is better, works twice, and only takes 2 levels.
Circle of the Land
Circle of the Land is great at being a single-class druid focused on spellcasting. If you’re multiclassing into Druid, that’s not you.
- Bonus Cantrip, Natural Recovery: Another cantrip isn’t a huge boon if you’re multiclassing intro druid, and Natural Recovery is hugely dependent on class level.
- Land’s Stride: Too situational.
Circle of the Moon
Circle of the Moon is all about Wild Shape, and Wild Shape is extremely dependent on levels, so it’s a terrible option for multiclassing.
- Combat Wild Shape, Circle Forms: Wild Shape is not a combat option for characters taking a class dip.
- Primal Strike: You should not invest this many levels to still be bad at using Wild Shape in combat.
Circle of the Shepherd
Spirit Totem is the most likely reason you would pursue Circle of the Shepherd, but a lot of its benefits are lost because they’re dependent on class level. Mighty Summoner is hard to justify, and if you want to play a summoner a single-class Circle of the Shepherd Druid is likely your best choice.
- Speech of the Woods, Spirit Totem: Speech of the Woods is neat, but Speak with Animals is a 1st-level spell. Spirit Totem is neat, but Hawk Spirit is the only option that’s not dependent on your class level, it only lasts one minute, and it only works once per short rest.
- Mighty Summoner: This is great for players who enjoy summon spells, but if you’re taking 6 levels away from your primary class you’re givng up access to higher-level summoning spells. You might be able to upcast your lower-level summon spells, but if you’re built around summon spells why not just play a druid?
Circle of Wildfire
Great as a single class, but the Wildfire Spirit is extremely frail unless you’re advancing as a druid to expand its hit points.
- Circle Spells, Summon Wildfire Spirit: If you want the spells, play a light domain cleric. The Wildfire Spirit is too dependent on class level to be useful for a class dip.
- Enhanced Bond: Good for single-class builds, but not for a class dip.
Heavy armor, shields, and Constitution saves make the Fighter a tempting first level for spellcaster builds, and Fighting Style and Action Surge are popular for nearly any character. Fighter subclasses get excellent benefits at 3rd level, too. You can frequently find something fancier from other classes, but the Fighter is still an easy option to complement many builds.
- Fighting Style, Second Wind: Fighting Style and the fighter’s proficiencies are a great reason to take a level of fighter, but generally you want to make that your first level so that you get heavy armor proficiency. Still, other martial classes which are already happy with their armor proficiencies will enjoy Fighting Style even if they already have one.
- Action Surge (1/rest): The ability to take a second action and do something like casting a second spell in your first turn in combat offers a lot of really great tactical options. But it’s only once per rest, and you need to weight one additional Action one to three times per day (assuming that you use the Adventuring Day rules) and you need to weigh the ability to sometimes do an extra thing against abilities which might let you do something more effective. For example: is access to spells two levels higher better or worse than being able to cast an extra spell a few times per day? Sometimes the answer is “it depends” and you’ll need to figure out that balance.
- Martial Archetype: Varies.
- Ability Score Increase, Martial Versatility (Optional): Every class gets an Ability Score Increase at 4th level, and if you already took three levels in the class it’s often very tempting to take one more just to get the ASI.
- Extra Attack: Standard for most martial classes at this level. Fighters eventually get more attacks than anyone else, but that doesn’t happen until 11th level.
- Ability Score Increase: Fighters get more Ability Score Increases than any other class. This is the first “extra” that you get, making it a great time to take a feat.
Potentially tempting for rangers and rogues built for archery, but otherwise not worth the levels. Go for Battle Master instead.
- Arcane Archer Lore, Arcane Shot (2 options): Arcane Archer Lore is neat, but particularly important. Arcane Shot is why you’re here. On a character build around archery (such as a ranger or rogue) Arcane Shot can be tempting. You never get more than 2 uses per Short or Long Rest anyway, and the damage on the shots doesn’t scale until 18th level so all that you’re giving up is additional options to use your paltry 2 shots. Grab Grasping Arrow because it’s insanely good and maybe Bursting Arrow because it’s good for tightly-packed groups, but avoid everything else unless you have the Intelligence to keep your save DC really high.
If you have a martial character and want to do something more exciting than just swinging your weapon, this is a great addition. Combat Superiority adds numerous excellent tactical option which allow you do interesting things in combat without giving up your attacks.
- Combat Superiority, Student of War: Student of War is basically a throw-away. Combat Superiority is why people pick the Battle Master. The initial benefits give you 4 dice and 3 maneuvers, giving you some exciting tactical options for any martial character. You can also take the Martial Adept feat to expand this a bit without additional fighter levels. Keep in mind that while 4 dice can feel like a lot, they recharge on a Short or Long Rest, so you’ll need to conserve them between fights rather than burning through them all in one turn.
You’re here for Unwavering Mark, and you don’t get to use it enough to justify three levels.
- Bonus Proficiency, Born to the Saddle, Unwavering Mark: Three levels for a skill proficiency, the ability to be slighter better at getting into and out of a saddle, and Unwavering Mark which provides an attack as a Bonus Action with a damage bonus dependent on your class level. This might be interesting on a paladin that really enjoys Find Steed or on a character with Fighting Style (Protection), but even then it’s not great. You don’t get to use Unwavering Mark enough to make it exciting, and that’s the best part of this class dip.
The Champion is somewhat bland since the improvements it provides are purely mathematical, but scoring twice as many critical hits can be a huge increase in your damage output, especially if you have a class feature which adds additional effects or damage to critical hits.
- Improved Critical: Critical hits are really nice for martial characters, and since this doesn’t require the attack to hit normally it also guarantees a hit on a roll of 19 or 20. Barbarians with brutal critical, Paladins with divine smite, rogues with Sneak Attack, and warlocks with Eldritch Smite can all benefit immensely from more frequent critical hits, and if you can get Advantage on attacks you have a significant change to score a critical hit on any given attack.
Manifest Echo is insanely powerful. Honestly Unleash Incarnation on top of it is unnecessary. If Unleash Incarnation were removed from the subclass, this would still be blue because Manifest Echo is just that incredible.
- Manifest Echo, Unleash Incarnation: Manifest Echo is incredibly powerful. Unleash Incarnation is great, too, but Manifest Echo is just insanely good and incredibly easy to abuse. Avoid any options that rely on your Bonus Action because almost anything else that you could possibly do is going to be less important than doing something with your echo.
The Eldritch Knight already does the job of removing the need to build a multiclassed fighter/wizard (though there are still great fighter/wizard builds), and bringing it into a multiclass build is typically a bad idea. However, if you’re adding Eldritch Knight to a spellcaster build, it will progress your spellcasting (though very slowly) and access to wizard cantrips can offer some tempting offensive options like Booming Blade for other spellcasters who normally don’t get those options.
- Spellcasting, Weapon Bond: Eldritch Knight spellcasting is basically just worse wizard spellcasting. Weapon Bond is neat, but it’s not good enough to spend levels to get it.
The Psi Warrior’s capabilities are partially tied to your Proficiency Bonus so you still advance them as you gain levels in other classes, but the effects which you can produce with just three fighter levels aren’t amazing.
- Psionic Power: While the die size won’t scale unless you take more levels, the number of psionic energy dice you get are tied to your Proficiency Bonus so you’ll still get more dice as you gain levels. The benefits are good, but not worth taking levels to get them.
Purple Dragon Knight / Banneret
Rallying Cry is neat, but too dependent on class level.
- Rallying Cry: Depends on your fighter class level. If you want a tiny bit of healing, take a level of Life Cleric.
The Rune Knight’s runes offer an interesting decision point, and the effects are generally very good. Because of the variety of effects available, a variety of characters may benefit from various combinations of runes.
- Bonus Proficiencies, Rune Carver: Rune Carver is why you’re here. You get just two runes from the four without level requirements. Each rune provides an active effect and a passive effect, and both can be useful for various characters.
- Cloud: Great for rogues and other deceitful characters due to the passive skill bonuses, but the active effect works for literally anyone.
- Fire: The passive effect will rarely matter, but the active effect is a great offensive option for any martial character. Enemies that don’t use Strength to attack typically have poor Strength saves, so even with a mediocre DC you can often find enemies who are vulnerable to this.
- Frost: It’s difficult to think of a character who could easily benefit from both skill bonuses while also making good use of the active effect.
- Stone: Excellent on any character, especially if you don’t already have Darkvision. The active effect is a save-or-suck effect used as a Reaction.
If you just want easy advantage, there are easier ways to get it.
- Bonus Proficiency, Fighting Spirit (5 temp. hp): Advantage on all attacks for one turn three times per long rest plus a tiny amount of temporary hit points. Maybe interesting when combined with Action Surge and really big attacks from a class that relies on numerous attacks, but if you just want easy Advantage take two levels of barbarian for Reckless Attack. You can use this with more weapons than Reckless Attack, which may be enough to justify it. You also get a skill, but that’s not why you’re here.
Monks are the most MAD class in the game, dependent on three ability scores to survive their role as an almost exclusively melee striker. This lack of build flexibility makes them challenging on their own, and bringing those challenges into a multiclass build is hard to do effectively. You can’t wear armor or use a shield or you lose many of your monk class features, and that alone mandates a lot about your build. Still, classes which have overlapping ability score requirements can find a lot of benefits from levels in monk.
- Unarmored Defense, Martial Arts: Dexterity and Wisdom are a great combination of ability scores, useful for a variety of builds. Clerics, druids, rangers, rogues, and even some fighters and paladins can be built with high enough Dexterity and Wisdom to make the Monk’s Unarmored Defense viable enough to replace armor. If you can handle that build choice, you’re rewarded with AC that can go as high as 20 without a single item or spell. Martial Arts adds offensive capabilities, too. If you don’t rely heavily on your Bonus Action already you can easily capitalize on the additional attack to add a lot of additional damage.
- Ki, Unarmored Movement, Dedicated Weapon (Optional): Ki is great, but you only get a number of points equal to your monk level so there is a huge incentive to take more monk levels. Unarmored Movement is great for a class that’s as close to melee-only as you can get.
Dedicated Weapon probably doesn’t matter much, but it can open up some options like using a rapier or whip for a Monk/Rogue.
- Monastic Tradition, Deflect Missiles, Ki-Fueled Attack (Optional): The benefits of your Monastic Tradition vary, but Deflect Missiles is almost` never useful unless you face an abundance of humanoid enemies.
Ki-Fueled Attack only matters for subclasses which spend their action and some Ki to do something like casting a spell. Multiclass characters may not need to worry about doing that since you’ll have so little Ki to spend.
- Ability Score Increase, Slow Fall, Quickened Healing (Optional): An Ability Score Increase is always welcome, but Slow Fall almost never matters and it’s redundant with Feather Fall.
- Extra Attack, Stunning Strike, Focused Aim (Optional): Extra Attack is great, and Stunning Strike is a spectacular debuff if you have the Wisdom to keep the DC high.
If you’re using the Optional Class Features, Focused Aim is a powerful (though expensive) way to use your Ki to rescue important attacks like attacks with leveled spells.
- Ki-Empowered Strikes, Monastic Tradition Feature: If you’ve come to rely heavily upon your additional attack from Martial Arts, treating the attacks as magical means that you can handle foes with resistance to damage from non-magical attacks. Normally that requires a magic weapon or a spell or something like that.
Way of Mercy
Too dependent on consuming Ki points.
- Implements of Mercy, Hand of Healing, Hand of Harm: Two skills and two new ways to spend your tiny pool of Ki. The skills aren’t good enough to justify three levels of monk, and you don’t have enough Ki to make Hand of Healing and Hand of Harm impactful.
- Physician’s Touch: This essentially adds Lesser Restoration to your Hand of healing and a Poisoned condition to your Hand of Harm. If you’ve made it to level 6 you have enough Ki that these additions might be meaningful, but if you just want Lesser Restoration you could have taken cleric levels.
Way of Shadow
Way of Shadow is a tempting option for characters built for stealth, especially if you don’t have Darkvision already.
- Shadow Arts: While you don’t have much Ki to work with, many of the listed spells have long durations so you can get a lot out of your limited pool of Ki.
- Shadow Step: Shadows and dim light are abundant almost everywhere except outside during the day, and the fact that you can use this without a usage limitation means that it can be a go-to tactical option. Rogues will find this especiall appealing as an easy way to get Advantage in order to deliver Sneak Attack.
Way of the Astral Self
If you want to dip into monk to get better at martial stuff, Way of the Astral Self is the way to do it (even though Way of the Open Hand is the low-magic martial monk). Arms of the Astral Self provide a Ki-efficient way to improve your unarmed combat capabilities which works great for any character with the Wisdom to take advantage.
- Arms of the Astral Self: Because the duration on the arms is 10 minutes and you get your Ki back on a Short or Long Rest, you can reasonably afford to use the arms in every fight without progressing beyond level 3. That makes this a good class dip for characters who can make use of it effectively, but the difficult is finding a class that can do so.
The most obvious choices are the Cleric and the Druid. Monk is already an interesting class dip for those classes because of the Wisdom synergy, and Monk is a popular class dip for Circle of the Moon druids to raise their AC while using Wild Shape (see my Practical Guide to Wild Shape). Much like a spell, the arms would persist after you activate Wild Shape, so you could run around as a squirrel with floating magic arms and punch things with them.
You might also be able to make this work for a fighter exploring Fighting Style (Unarmed Fighting). Using Wisdom for your Strength checks makes it easy to build around Wisdom and still use grappling to benefit from the bonus grapple damage. You could still hang out in heavy armor and a shield, too, though you give up on Martial Arts. Of course, at that point it may be easier to play a monk and take Fighting Initiate to get Fighting Style (Unarmed Fighting).
- Visage of the Astral Self: The bonuses are all neat, but can be replicated by spells. Darkvision will fix a lack of Darkvision, Enhance Ability will cover the skill stuff, and the speech stuff can be handled with Message and Thaumaturgy. You may be better served by 3 levels of cleric.
Way of the Drunken Master
Too dependent on Ki to make it viable for a multiclass dip.
- Bonus Proficiencies, Drunken Technique: Drunken Technique means never choosing between Flurry of Blows and Disengage again, but with 3 Ki Points per Short or Long Rest it’s not a big improvement.
- Tipsy Sway: Both effects are only situationally useful, but by this level you have 6 ki points per Short or Long Rest so you can actually afford to use Redirect Attack frequently.
Way of the Four Elements
Way of the Four elements is all about turning Ki into spells. Multiclass characters don’t have enough Ki to make that viable.
- Disciple of the Elements: You won’t have enough Ki to make this good.
- Additional Elemental Discipline: If you’ve gone this far you’ve made a terrible mistake.
Way of the Kensei
The only reasons I can think of to explore Wai of the Kensei is for either the +2 AC from Agile Parry or because you want to get a d10 melee weapon and attack using Dexterity instead of Strength. But you can get similar functions from other places, and the damage difference between a rapier at 1d8 and a longsword in two hands at 1d10 is not worth three levels unless you’re also adding Great Weapon Master to the mix.
- Path of the Kensei (2 weapons): Kensei Weapons allows you to attack with several non-Finesse weapons using Dexterity instead of Strength, and use Martial Arts on top of that. You could use a longsword two-handed to get a d10 damage die, which is the best that the Monk can get. Unfortunately, Agile Parry requires that you make an unarmed strike as part of the Attack action, so until you get Extra Attack your weapon is basically just a pointy decoration. Agile Parry is really good, but the fact that you’re forced to use the Martial Arts damage of a 3rd-level monk to get it means that you’re giving up the reason you’re probably here. If you just want +2 AC, grab a shield. Kensei’s Shot is also here, but the extra d4 damage is meant to make you feel better about giving up the extra Bonus Action attack from Martial Arts/Flurry of Blows, and that’s less important on a multiclass character.
- One with the Blade, Path of the Kensei (3 weapons): By this level you should have ample access to magic weapons either via permanent magic items or spells like Magic Weapon. Adding a 3rd Kensei Weapon is probably useless.
Way of the Long Death
If you want temporary hit points, there are better options than Touch of Death. Hour of Reaping is really good, but it’s not worth 6 levels on its own so you’ll do best if you were primarily here for other monk features.
- Touch of Death: Neat, but depends on your class level. It’s not totally worthless if you go no further into monk, but I wouldn’t take 3 levels just to get this.
- Hour of Reaping: An absolutely stellar crowd control effect if you have the wisdom to back it up. Potentially very useful for classes with strictly limited resources between rests. But
Way of the Open Hand
Way of the Open Hand is great for single-class monks, but for multiclass characters it’s just not a good option since you won’t have the abundance of Ki to make Open Hand Technique a meaningful part of your tactical options.
- Open Hand Technique: While this is a great option for a monk with abundant Ki, multiclassing makes it a difficult prospect.
- Wholeness of Body: Absolutely not worth 6 levels.
Way of the Sun Soul
Sun Soul adds a little bit of the Light Domain Cleric to the Monk. If you want to be a cleric, go take a level of cleric instead.
- Radiant Sun Bolt: Take a level of cleric and learn Sacred Flame.
- Searing Arc Strike: This already isn’t a fantastic ability, and the fact that you’ll have comparably poor Ki just makes it worse.
The Paladin has a lot to offer other Charisma-based classes like the Sorcerer and the Warlock. The Paladin’s excellent durability and offensive martial capabilities are great, especially with a bigger pool of spell slots behind it.
- Divine Sense, Lay on Hands: Divine Sense is very situational, and Lay on Hands is heavily dependent on class level. You can use it to remove diseases/poisons, but doing so costs an entire class level worth of points so you’re not going to do it often. The Paladin’s initial proficiencies are comparable to the Fighters, but unless you plan to take a second level of paladin the Fighter is typically a better choice.
- Divine Smite, Fighting Style, Spellcasting: Two levels of paladin can turn the Sorcerer and the Warlock into serious martial threats. Divine Smite with an abundant pool of spell slots behind it is a terrifying pile of damage output, especially if you can score critical hits with some frequency. Fighting Style is great on any character, especially martial ones, and the Paladin’s spellcasting includes several excellent options even among the 1st-level spells.
If you’re a Charisma-based spellcaster like a sorcerer or warlock multiclassing into paladin and you’re using the Optional Class Features, consider Fighting Style (Blessed Warrior) to get some Charisma-base cleric spells like Guidance and Word of Radiance.
- Divine Health, Sacred Oath: Divine Health is situationally useful. The benefits of your Sacred Oath vary, but since every oath gets Channel Divinity at this level, you’re getting a powerful ability that you can use once per Short or Long Rest.
- Ability Score Increase: Every class gets an Ability Score Increase at 4th level, and if you already took three levels in the class it’s often very tempting to take one more just to get the ASI.
- Extra Attack: Standard for most martial classes, and an essential boost to most martial characters’ damage output.
- Aura of Protection: Possibly the best buff to saving throws in the game. If you have the Charisma to back it up, you’re suddenly much more durable.
Oath of Conquest
None of this will really define your build, but this is a good set of options for a Sorcadin.
- Channel Divinity: Conquering Presence amd Guided Strike, Oath Spells: Guided Strike is a great option if you’re using Great Weapon Master or Sharpshooter. Conquering presence is decent crowd control. The new spells also include Armor of Agathys, which is spectacular on front-line martial characters.
Oath of Devotion
Sacred Weapon is a very tempting option for both Sorcadins and Hexadins. Adding your Charisma to your attack rolls (especially if you’re a Hexadin and you already do that) is a significant mathematical improvement to your damage output.
If you have feats like Great Weapon Master or Sharpshooter, Sacred Weapon will offset much of the attack penalty and significantly increase your expected damage output, allowing you to perform 1-minute surges of incredible weapon damage output.
- Channel Divinity: Sacred Weapon and Turn the Unholy, Oath Spells: Sacred Weapon is a huge mathematical boost to your attack rolls. Remember that Advantage is worth roughly +3.25 on attacks, so if you have a +3 Charimsa modifier or better you’re getting roughly the same thing. Plus, unlike Oath of Vengeance’s Vow of Enmity, the attack bonus applies to everything you attack rather than to a single target. Plus, you can add Advantage on top of that to make it nearly impossible for you to miss. Turn the Unholy is fine for handling groups of fiends and undead. However, you need the Charisma to make it viable so it’s not as easy for multiclass characters to use as Oath of Vengence’s Vow of Enmity.
Oath of Glory
A solid option for most Strength-based martial builds, especially if you like to Grapple or Shove.
- Channel Divinity: Peerless Athlete and Inspiring Smite, Oath Spells: Heroism is a good buff, especially if you can reliably pass the saves to maintain Concentration. Peerless Athlete is great for characters that like to Grapple or Shove. Rage is easier if all that you want is occasional help help with Stength (Athletics), but Rage is also limited to a number of rages per Long Rest which scales very slowly, while Channel Divinity works twice per Short Rest, so there’s room to say that this is better. Inspiring Smite is dependent on class level, but the base of 2d8 is very generous already, especially if you put it all on a single creature.
Oath of Redemption
Emissary of Peace is great for face characters, and Rebuke the violent is a great combat option. Overall a good option, but not so great that it will define your build.
- Channel Divinity: Emissary of Peace and Rebuke the Violent, Oath Spells: Emissary of Peace provides a significant bonus to Charisma (Persuasion), which is a rare non-combat use of Channel Divinity. Rebuke the Violent is a great way to respond to enemy critical hits. Neither option is level-dependent.
Oath of the Ancients
If you want nature-based crowd control, try some druid levels.
- Channel Divinity: Natures Wrath and Turn the Faithless, Oath Spells: Nature’s Wrath is a decent single-target crowd control option, and Turn the Faithless is good for crowds of the affected creature types, but Nature’s Wrath allows repeated saves and Turn the Faithless works on foes which aren’t abundant in most campaigns. Between the two abilities you don’t have an easy go-to option in any given encounter, so you may go long stretches where you get little or not benefit from having this ability.
Oath of the Crown
Nothing new here which couldn’t be found elsewhere in a better form.
- Channel Divinity: Champion Challenge and Turn the Tide, Oath Spells: Champion Challenge is great, but redundant with Compelled Duel which is already on the Paladin’s spell list. Turn the Tide is basically Mass Healing Word, but it only affects creatures that hear you and if you want healing like that you can get better options form the Cleric and the Druid.
Oath of the Watchers
Two good Channel Divinity options if you have the Charisma to make them work.
- Channel Divinity: Watcher’s Will is an amazing defensive option for your allies, providing broad protection against mental effects for a brief period. In combat against allies who use such effects (spellcasters, enemies with charm or fear effects, mind flayers, etc.) these defenses can dramatically change the outcome of an encounter. The number of creatures affected is equal to your Charisma modifier, so this benefit works best on Charisma-based characters like bards and sorcerers. Abure the Extraplanar is an AOE solution to creatures which you can typically target with Banishment. You’ll still need to actually kill them, but causing part of an encounter to run away for a full minute makes it easy to kill whatever doesn’t flee, then clean up the rest later.
Oath of Vengeance
Vow of Enmity is why you’re here, and while it’s great you can get easy Advantage from Reckless Attack, and Oath of Devotion’s Sacred Weapon is more mathematically effective if you’re increasing your Charisma. This isn’t a bad option, there are just better options with similar effects.
- Channel Divinity: Abjure Enemy and Vow of Enmity: Abjure Enemy is hard to use since it’s easy to resist and many of the best targets for it will be immune to it since immunity to fear is common among fiends and undead. But Oath of Enmity is pretty good since you can use it against anything.
If you want to control undead, you’re probably either a Cleric or a School of Necromancy Wizard. In either case, you can rely on spells instead of Channel Divinity both for handling undead and for making enemies Frightened. These are fine options for the Paladin, but for a multiclass dip they’re hard to justify.
- Channel Divinity: Control Undead amd Dreadful Aspect, Oath Spells: The spells aren’t great for a typical paladin, but they’re more useful if you have full spellcasting. Control Undead is nice, but full spellcasters can typically do the same thing more effectively. Dreadful Aspect is decent crowd control, but again spellcasters can do the same thing much better.
A single level in the Ranger gets you the same proficiencies as multiclassing into the Fighter, plus an additional skill proficiency. But that’s generally not what people multiclass into the Ranger for. Generally if you’re taking ranger levels you’re going 2 levels for Fighting Style and Spellcasting or three levels for a subclass. However, you can get similar benefits from other classes like the Fighter or the Rogue, so the Ranger is rarely a go-to multiclass option.
- Favored Enemy or Favored Foe (Optional), Natural Explorer or Deft Explorer(Optional): The Optional Class Features are a huge improvement for the Ranger’s first level. Favored Foe is similar in function to Hunter’s Mark (though not as good) and the uses per day scale with Proficiency Bonus. Deft Explorer is Expertise in one skill and two free languages, which helps close the skill gap between the Ranger and the Rogue. If you’re not using the Optional Class Features, don’t stop at one level in ranger.
- Fighting Style, Spellcasting: Fighting Style is always welcome, but most of the Ranger’s low-level spellcasting isn’t great. Hunter’s Mark is interesting, especially for builds which make numerous attacks, but there are few other remarkable options.
- Primeval Awareness or Primal Awareness(Optional), Ranger Archetype: Primeval Awareness is hard to use. The benefits of your ranger archetype will vary.
If you’re using the Optional Class Features, Primal Awareness isn’t a big improvement over Primeval Awareness because you’re not going to advance far into the Ranger to benefit from the additional spells.
- Ability Score Increase, Martial Versatility (Optional): Every class gets an Ability Score Increase at 4th level, and if you already took three levels in the class it’s often very tempting to take one more just to get the ASI.
- Extra Attack: Standard for most martial classes, and an essential boost to most martial characters’ damage output.
The Beastmaster is already a bad archetype, and your companion’s hit points depend on your class level so multiclassing into Beastmaster is a profoundly poor choice.
- Ranger’s Companion: Bad and too dependent on ranger class level.
An interesting choice for high-Wisdom characters who want to play a Face. Clerics and Druids are the most likely choices, but characters with high scores in both Wisdom and Charisma can be achieve truly incredible bonuses with their Face skills.
- Dreadful Strikes, Fey Wanderer Magic, Otherworldly Glamour: Dreadful strikes is a small but occasionally effective damage boost, but since it only applies once per turn per creature, if you have Extra Attack you’ll want to spread your attacks around. Otherworldly Glamour is probably why you’re here. The extra skill is nice, and adding Wisdom to your Charisma checks allows a high-Wisdom character to easily function as a Face. The bonus applies to all Charisma checks, so spellcaster like the Bard will also be able to use the bonus on things like Charisma checks made with Counterspell and Dispel Magic. However, generally characters will care more about using the bonus with skills. While the bonus is nice, a level of Rogue to get Expertise is much less costly unless you already wanted the benefits of ranger levels.
Fantastic for any character planning to spend a great deal of time fighting in the dark or in places where artificial light is necessary.
- Gloom Stalker Magic, Dread Ambusher, Umbral Sight: This is a truly stellar level. Dread Ambusher is great for any martial character, but Umbral Sight is just absolutely incomparable. If your party is fine with working in the dark (warlocks with Devil’s Sight are your friend), Umbral Sight is a massive tactical advantage. Even if your party can’t manage to fight in darkness, you can still hide just outside of the range of light sources and fight from afar very effectively.
Nothing that you need to have. Planar Warrior is probably why you’re here, but if you just want extra damage Hunter with Colossus Slayer adds just as much damage without eating your Bonus Action.
- Horizon Walker Magic, Detect Portal, Planar Warrior (1d8): Detect Portal is very situational. Planar Warrior’s damage isn’t much better than Hunter’s Mark, but converting your damage to force damage makes it nearly impossible to resist which may be appealing.
Hunter’s Prey offers options which work for a variety of builds and in several different scenarios, so it’s a good option for nearly any martial character.
- Hunter’s Prey: Enough options that almost any martial build will benefit, and the effects never scale so you get everything you need at 3rd level.
Nothing truly stunning here, but it’s a solid set of options for an ambush predator like a ranger/rogue multiclass build.
- Monster Slayer Magic, Hunter’s Sense, Slayer’s Prey: Hunter’s Sense is neat, but you’ll need to sneak up on the creature if you don’t want to spend an Action in combat staring at it. Slayer’s Prey is basically Hunter’s Mark for free once per Short Rest, and they stack. If you are very stealthy and very good at sneaking up on enemies, you can give yourself a huge advantage before combat starts.
The benefits aren’t exactly bad, but I can’t figure out a way to use them effectively on anyone except the Ranger.
- Gathered Swarm, Swarmkeeper Magic: The on-hit effects from Gathered Swarm are interesting, but it’s hard to think of a build that will use them consistently. Maybe a monk? Or a fighter with high Wisdom? Even then, the benefits aren’t good enough to justify the levels. The Fighter and the Monk both have subclasses that can produce effects that solve the same problems, so there’s little incentive to multiclass to get Gathered Swarm. Swarmkeeper Magic adds Misty Step to the Ranger’s spellcasting, but you need 5 levels to get there and if you want teleportation a full caster will work much better.
The Rogue’s first three levels are fantastic for a number of reasons. Rogues get more skill/tool proficiencies at 1st level than any other class, and Expertise on top of that benefits a wide range of characters. Sneak Attack is dependent on class level, which makes it hard for multiclass characters, but no one is going to complain about a few extra d6’s of damage every turn even though it’s not as much as a single-class rogue might get.
- Expertise, Sneak Attack, Thieves’ Cant: Even though multiclassing into rogue only gets you one proficiency, you still get Expertise in two things. Sneak Attack can be hard since it’s so dependent on scaling with class level, but even without a ton of Sneak Attack damage a few dice can still be a notable addition to your damage output. Thieve’s Cant is neat but rarely important.
- Cunning Action: Versatile and reliable, many other classes can benefit from the tactical options offered by Cunning Action.
- Rogueish Archetype, Steady Aim (Optional): The benefits of your subclass vary.
If you’re using the Optional Class Features, Steady Aim is excellent. It’s intended to solve the issue of ranged rogues attacking when they don’t have a conveniently-positioned ally, but it’s great for anyone relying on a single attack. Spellcasters who like spell attacks (ignoring Eldritch Blast and Scorching Ray) will find this an easy substitute for True Strike.
- Uncanny Dodge: Useful on literally any character, this can protect you from from a huge amount of damage over your character’s career.
- Expertise: You probably already covered your favorite proficiencies, but more Expertise is never bad.
If you just want wizard spellcasting, there are much better options elsewhere.
- Mage Hand Legerdemain, Spellcasting: Mage Hand Legerdemain is neat, but not very impactful for multiclassing. The spellcasting is basically just worse wizard spellcasting so generally if that’s what you want you’ll do better with a level of Arcana Domain Cleric or Wizard.
Perfect for any ambush predator build. Pile on things like the Bugbear’s Surprise Attack, spells like Hunter’s Mark, effects like Divine Smite or Eldritch Smite, Brutal Critical. Whatever you’ve got that makes for big critical hits.
- Bonus Proficiencies, Assassinate: The additional proficiencies are nice, but they’re not why you’re here. Assassinate is a great tactical option even without a lot of Sneak Attack damage. If you have additional abilities like the Barbarian’s Brutal Critical, the Paladin’s Divine Smite, or the Warlock’s Eldritch Smite you can use Assassinate to start damage with a huge pile of damage.
Not a great choice for multiclass builds.
- Ear for Deceit, Eye for Detail, Insightful Fighting: Ear for Deceit and Eye for Detail are only situationally useful, and Insightful Fighting is only meaningful if you have a lot of Sneak Attack damage, which you won’t because you’re multiclassing.
There are better ways to get all of the benefits of the Mastermind.
- Master of Intrigue, Master of Tactics: Master of Tactics is neat, but if your party just needs someone to provide the Help action in combat a familiar will suffice. Master of Intrigue is fun for a campaign that’s heavy on roleplaying, but if you just want more tool proficiencies you can get them more easily from your background or from feats.
Too dependent on advancing your Sneak Attack damage.
- Whispers of the Dead, Wails From the Grave: Whispers of the Dead is one skill or tool, and Wails From the Grave will deal a miniscule amount of damage.
Mechanically interesting for ranged combat builds, and thematically interesting for ranger/rogue multiclass builds.
- Skirmisher, Survivalist: Skirmisher is a good option for ranged combatants of all kinds. Survivalist is Expertise in two more skills, which is always welcome even if Survival is only rarely useful.
A safe, effective choice, but it doesn’t do anything that’s going to define your character. If you’re dipping into rogue for the core class features but don’t need a specific subclass, this is a great addition to nearly any character.
- Psionic Power: Your pool of dice grows with your Proficiency Bonus, so it will grow as you gain levels. The benefits of both effects are good, if you never improve your die size, and Psi-Bolstered Knack only consumes the die if you succeed so you can roll your d6 for every applicable ability check without risk of wasting a die.
A great option for any melee build.
- Fancy Footwork, Rakish Audacity: Fancy Footwork is the ultimate hit-and-run ability, and Rakish Audacity makes Sneak Attack an easy option for any melee build, not to mention the bonus to Initiative. This is a great level for any melee build.
Fast Hands is neat, but it’s hard to use.
- Fast Hands: The primary appeal of Fast Hands is the ability to use items as a Bonus Action. Unfortunately, the list of items which work with Fast Hands is short so if you go this route you need to really know what you’re doing with it.
The Sorcerer’s spellcasting offers a lot of great options for multiclass characters. Not only do you get more cantrips than most classes and access to several fantastic 1st-level options, but as you gain level Font of Magic and Metamagic offer a ton of utility to any spellcaster.
- Spellcasting, Sorcerous Origin: Sorcerer spellcasting is fine, and includes a lot of staple defensive options like Absorb Elements and Shield, both of which are 1st-level spells that work at any character level so if you’re not going far into Sorcerer you’ll still get quite a bit from one level of spellcasting. Sorcerers also get more cantrips than most spellcasters, including great multiclass options like Green-Flame Blade, and they get their subclass at first level so you have a lot of flexibility even with a 1-level class dip.
- Font of Magic: Font of Magic is great, and it works for any class that depends on casting spells. Font of Magic doesn’t care where the spell slots come from, so even if you’re feeding it Pact Magic spell slots, you can still generate Sorcery Points. However, I haven’t seen confirmation that you can use Sorcery Points to generate Pact Magic spell slots, so I think that’s not allowed.
- Metamagic: Metamagic is one of the best reasons to multiclass into the Sorcerer. Even warlocks can benefit significantly, especially if you use your sorcerer spell slots for nothing but sorcery points.
- Ability Score Increase, Sorcerous Versatility (Optional): Every class gets an Ability Score Increase at 4th level, and if you already took three levels in the class it’s often very tempting to take one more just to get the ASI.
- Magical Guidance (Optional): If you’re using the Optional Class Features, Magical Guidance provides an easy reroll mechanic for ability checks. It’s not something that’s so good that you should multiclass to get it, but if you’re already here it’s a great way to spend a Sorcery Point.
- Sorcerous Origin Feature: Varies.
A great primary class/subclass, but as a multiclass dip it’s not impactful.
- Psionic Spells, Telepathic Speech: Psionic Spells is huge for the Sorcerer because it expands your tiny pool of spells known. The problem you’ll face is that as a multiclass character your pool of spells known is less of a problem since
- Psionic Sorcery, Psychic Defenses: Your Sorcery Points won’t continue to scale because you’re not staying a sorcerer, so Psionic Sorcery is minimally useful. Psychic Defenses is good, but if you want those benefits you can get them from your race instead of committing six levels to get them.
Without advancing as a sorcerer, you lose what makes the Clockwork Soul powerful. The only thing that really justifies a class dip is Restore Balance, and it’s just not impactful enough to make this worthwhile.
- Clockwork Magic, Restore Balance: Restore Balance is a welcome addition to parties which frequently find themselves on the wrong side of Advantage. You can use it to mitigate things like Reckless Attack, making it a useful support option. But Clockwork Magic isn’t useful if you’re not committing to a lot of sorcerer levels, and Restore Balance isn’t good enough to justify the class dip.
- Bastion of Law: Eats too many Sorcery Points.
Want access to the cleric spell list and the sorcer spell list at the same time? This is how you get it. Favored of the Gods is just an incredible bonus on top of the already exceptionally good spellcasting benefits.
- Divine Magic, Favored by the Gods: Divine Magic offers access to the cleric spell list, meaning that you can get options like Guidance and Booming Blade in the same place. Staple options like Bless are great additions to the Sorcerer’s already great spell list. There are enough good options here that don’t rely on your spellcasting ability that you can easy use up all of your limited spells known without touching Charisma even once. Favored of the Gods is a a great backup option for import saving throws, and it’s useful on literally any character.
- Empowered Healing: Take a level of Life Domain Cleric instead. Disciple of Life is much better.
- Dragon Ancestor, Draconic Resilience: 13+Dex AC. The AC will exceed any light armor without spending a spell slot on Mage Armor. You also get one extra hit point per sorcerer level, putting your hit points in line with classes with d8 hit points, which can help for melee builds dipping into sorcerer.
- Elemental Affinity: If you’re building a blaster, this can be a huge damage boost. You can also spend a Sorcery Point to get damage resistance based on your Dragon Ancestor for an hour, which is a great trade.
Everything that Shadow Magic grants is great, and aside from Hound of Ill Omen you don’t even need to be primarily a spellcaster to enjoy the benefits.
- Eyes of the Dark, Strength of the Grave: A great way to get permanent Darkvision if your race doesn’t already get it. Strength of the Grave is neat and might save your life, but it’s unreliable unless you’re good at Charisma saving throws.
- Eyes of the Dark (darkness): Most sorcerers don’t get another feature at third level. Eyes of the Dark allows you to create an area of darkness which you can see in, but no one else can (short of warlocks with Devil’s Sight and creatures with similar abilities). It’s similar in many ways to Shadow of Moil.
- Hound of Ill Omen: Spectacular for any spellcaster, especially if you like save-or-suck spells.
Tempestuous Magic is great for spellcasters afraid to be dragged into melee, but that’s really the only thing of interest here so you won’t feel bad about stopping short of 6th level.
- Wind Speaker, Tempestuous Magic: Tempestuous magic allows you to quickly and safely move out of melee range, which is tempting for many spellcasters. Wind Speaker is neat, but only situationally useful.
- Heart of the Storm, Storm Guide: Heart of the Storm is dependent on class level, and Storm Guide is almost entirely for flavor.
Tides of Chaos can be very powerful, but introducing Wild Magic to your game can quickly turn a sensible, enjoyable game into a crazy, unpredictable game where fireballs suddenly go off while your eating lunch in town.
- Tides of Chaos, Wild Magic Surge: Wild Magic Surge is the go-to way to add bits of randomness and chaos to your game. But Wild Magic Surge only occurs if you cast a sorcerer spell. Conversely, Tides of Chaos allows you to give yourself Advantage at least once per day whenever you need it, which is hard to pass up. Your DM can throw a Wild Magic Surge at you any time after that to reset Tides of Chaos, so if you signed up for some extra chaos your DM gets to throw it at you whenever they want.
- Bend Luck: Expensive, but very powerful. Unfortunately you’ll have a small pool of Sorcery Points so it may be hard to spend the Sorcery Points to power this.
A spectacular class dip for any martial character that can feasibly be built around Charisma. Pact Magic is difficult to combine with regular Spellcasting, but it’s not impossible to do, and the fact that Pact Magic stops advancing at 10th level makes multiclassing a tantalizing option for warlocks.
- Otherworldly Patron, Pact Magic: One Warlock spell slot, even though it recharges on a Short or Long Rest, is not going to be impactful. Unless you plan to take more warlock levels, you’re likely here for the Otherworldly Patron features.
- Eldritch Invocations (2): There are a number of excellent and diverse Eldritch Invocation options so it’s easy to find something useful for nearly any character, and if you take more warlock levels you can retrain your invocations. You also get a second spell slot at this level, which is great if you’ve got features like Divinite Smite which you can use to turn spell slots into bursts of damage.
- Pact Boon: The Pact Boon options have a lot to offer, and you can retrain one of your invocations to take advantage of your choice of Pact Boon. For example: If you took Pact of the Blade, you could retrain an Invocation into Improved Pact Weapon to get easy access to a magic weapon with a +1 attack/damage bonus. If you took Pact of the Tome, you could retrain your 2nd-level invocation to get Book of Ancient Secrets and get some ritual casting without spending a feat.
Pact of the Tome has some additional utility for Charisma-based spellcasters like the Bard and the Sorcerer. You get access to cantrips from any class, and since they become Warlock spells they’re Charisma-based. Shillelagh is obsolete due to the Hexblade, but spells like Sacred Flame, Vicious Mockery, and Word of Radiance, are great options for warlocks to borrow.
- Ability Score Increase, Eldritch Versatility (Optional): Every class gets an Ability Score Increase at 4th level, and if you already took three levels in the class it’s often very tempting to take one more just to get the ASI.
- Eldritch Invocation (1): You already have two invocations, and it’s hard to think of builds where a third will add much. You can take something like Thirsting Blade to effectively replace Extra Attack, but I’m not sure if that’s a great option on a multiclass character.
- Otherworldly Patron Feature: Varies.
The Archfey is a hard choice for multiclassing. Adding Faerie Fire to your warlock spell list may be the best you can get from a class dip into the Archfey.
- Fey Presence: An interesting option for melee builds since you’ll often have enemies in melee with you, but the 10-foot cube AOE raises some annoying mechanical questions since it covers at most half of each 5-foot space adjacent to you. The short duration doesn’t help either.
- Misty Escape: A great way to get out of melee in a hurry, and it’s not dependent on class level or Charisma or anything.
Other classes offer similar but more effective options.
- Expanded Spell List, Bonus Cantrips, Healing Light: There’s little reason to consider this over levels in the Cleric or Divine Soul Sorcerer. Healing Light is too dependent on class level, and the tiny number of cleric spells aren’t meaningful enough to justify this over other subclass options.
- Radiant Soul: Neat, but not worth 6 levels.
A solid 1-level dip, especially in an aquatic campaign.
- Tentacle of the Deeps, Gift of the Sea: If you’re playing in an aquatic campaign and you’re dead set on playing anything except an aquatic race, Gift of the Sea is one of the easier ways to solve the issues of breathing and swimming. Regardless of the location of your campaign, Tentacle of the Deeps is an easy combat summon that works for any character who doesn’t have a good use for their Bonus Action. The uses per day scale with your Proficiency Bonus, which makes it an easy option for a class dip.
- Oceanic Soul, Guardian Coil: If you want cold resistance, cast a spell or play a race that gets it. If you want to speak to creatures with swim speeds, play a triton. Guardian Coul is great, but not worth six levels.
The Fiend’s features are great, but the spellcasting won’t add much since much of it is AOE damage that’s intended to benefit from your increasing spell slot level.
- Dark One’s Blessing: Dungeons and Dragons is a game that involves a lot of reducing enemies to 0 hit points, so for the vast majority of characters this offers an easy way to get temporary hit points, especially on high-damage characters.
- Dark One’s Own Luck: d10 is an average roll of 5.5, which is a massive bonus in 5e. This can easily turn a failed save into a successful one. But if you’re here for this, consider levels in bard instead for Bardic Inspiration.
A great choice if you want core warlock features but don’t need something from a subclass, the Genie offers more decision points than other warlock subclasses so you can easily tailor what you get to your tastes.
- Genie’s Vessel: The Genie’s Wrath effect of your vessel is a nice damage boost for classes which rely on attacks but don’t need something fancy like Hex Warrior. It scales with your Proficiency Bonus, so it’s great for class dips. Rogues who want other warlock stuff like Devil’s Sight may find this option appealing.
- Elemental Gift: Permanent damage resistance is nice, and the flight is absolutely fantastic.
The Great Old One
The Great Old One is primarily about spellcasting, so multiclassing doesn’t make this a good choice.
- Awakened Mind: Great for a Face character or for characters hoping to avoid notice while communicating, but I don’t think it’s good enough to multiclass to get it.
- Entropic Ward: Great for front-line martial builds, especially if you benefit a lot from Advantage like rogues do. But it only works once per Short or Long Rest so it’s not a tactical option which you can rely on constantly.
So effective that it single-handedly reset the character optimization meta. A 1-level dip into Hexblade can dramatically improve bards, paladins, and potentially even sorcerers.
- Expanded Spell List, Hexblade’s Curse, Hex Warrior: Hexblade’s Curse works based on your Proficiency Bonus, so it remains effective and powerful at any character level. Hex Warrior gives you medium armor, shields, martial weapons, and you can use one weapon to fight with your Charisma modifier in place of Strength or Dexterity, solving the MAD problem for bards, paladins, and sorcerers who want to fight with weapons.
- Accursed Specter: Nowhere near good enough to even consider 6 levels.
An excellent option for a single-level class dip for martial characters, but the Undead needs to compete for space with the Hexblade. Hexblade can solve MAD issues for bards, paladins, and sorcerers looking to be effective with both weapons and spells, and while Form of Dread is good it doesn’t solve a fundamental challenge built into your class. Characters looking to add Eldritch Blast+Agonizing Blast as an easy offensive option might enjoy the Undead, but again Hexblade may be a more effective option for that build because Hex Warrior adds a damage boost to your attacks.
The most likely characters to dip into the Undead are conquest paladins, non-charisma-based martial characters like fighters and monks who can make numerous attacks to reliably trigger Form of Dread’s fear effect, and players sick of multiclassing into hexblade.
- Form of Dread: In its initial form, Form of Dread is a decent combat buff which works for any class, and adds a powerful and effective status debuff on top of any attacks which a character might make. This is a great option for martial characters, especially those with numerous attacks (fights, monks) and those who are unusually accurate (Archery fighting style or easy access to Advantage). However, since the save DC for the fear effect uses your warlock spellasting DC, low Charisma may make it unreliable.
If you have other features which capitalize on the Frightened condition, such as the Oath of Conquest Paladins’s Aura of Conquest, this is a fantastically easy way to trigger those features. The number of uses per day is tied to your Proficiency Bonus, so a single level in warlock gets you a lot of usage.
- Touch of the Grave: The damage boost is what you’re likely here for, and it’s not worth this many levels. A character using a greataxe might enjoy the additional damage die, but other sources of additional damage are likely less costly.
Almost nothing worth having, and what little there is can be found elsewhere. Consider the Grave Domain Cleric instead.
- Expanded Spell List, Among the Dead: If you’re worried about undead, take cleric levels.
- Defy Death: There are number of better and lower-level class features which will protect you from falling to zero hit points, but even in the absence of those features this isn’t good enough to justify six levels.
Wizards have numerous “dead levels” where they get nothing except a new spell level. While that’s fine for single-class wizards, it’s not great for multiclassed characters. Typically you’ll go no further than 2nd level once you get the initial subclass features.
- Arcane Recovery, Spellcasting: Wizard spellcasting is really good, and includes ritual casting and a ton of 1st-level rituals including crucial options like Detect Magic. Arcane Recovery is very level-dependent, so you’re unlikely to get anything beyond an extra 1st-level spell slot.
- Arcane Tradition: Varies.
- Cantrip Formulas: The ability to change your wizard cantrips daily can be a great way to tailor your capabilities to expected challenges. However, if you’re multiclassing into wizard you likely have specific spells in mind that you want to take so you may not find this useful.
For the Arcane Trickster Rogue, the Artificer, and the Eldritch Knight, Bladesong is a tempting prize. Unfortunately it’s not useful for other classes since nearly all characters dump Intelligence.
- Training in War and Song, Bladesong: You’re here for Bladesong. Pile Intelligence on top of all of your important martial combat stats, and add it to your saves for Concentration so that you can maintain other powerful buffs.
Not actually bad, but School of Divination is better.
- Chronal Shift, Temporal Awareness: Chronal Shift is a less-reliable version of School of Divination’s Portent. Temporal Awarness is great for the Wizard, but other classes either won’t have enough Intelligence to make it useful or they’ll go for bladesinging.
Being able to replace the only ability with a spell is a good indication that this isn’t a good multiclass option.
- Adjust Density: Tempting you have an ally who likes to Grapple or Shove, but you could also cast Enlarge/Reduce and take a better subclass.
Order of Scribes
Order of Scribes is good at being a wizard, but the features do nearly nothing that works beyond your wizard spells.
- Wizardly Quill, Awakened Spellbook: The benefits of both features only matter for wizard spells.
School of Abjuration
Too dependent on class level and wizard spells.
- Arcane Ward: This is a great ability but it’s totally dependent on both your class level and on casting wizard spells, both of which are difficult prospects for a multiclassed character. You’ll likely never get more than 7 hit points in the ward, and casting 1st-level spells will only add 2 to the ward. Probably your best choice is to to turn all of your spell slots into Shield and Absorb Elements, but that’s a very unsatistying use of the feature, especially since you get just 2 hp each time.
School of Conjuration
Not worth the levels.
- Minor Conjuration: This is a great ability, but it’s not worth multiclassing into wizard just to get it.
School of Divination
Literally always good.
- Portent: This is a spectacular ability on any character.
School of Enchantment
Hard to use, but maybe effective on a close-range caster build?
- Hypnotic Gaze: This is hard for many characters to use because you need to get within 5 ft. of the target and spend successive Actions to hold the target’s gaze, effectively trading your own Action to negate the target’s ability to act. That can be useful in some situations, but it’s a dangerous gamble if you’re not built for melee and you try to use this in combat. With the exception of Eldritch Knights and Arcane Tricksters, I don’t see much use for this for other classes.
School of Evocation
The Sorcerer and the Wizard generally make the best Blasters, and the Sorcerer gets comparable metamagic. Maybe the Artillerist Artificer could use this?
- Sculpt Spell: Helpful for blasters, but giving up two levels may be hard compared to advancing your class two more levels and getting higher-level spells is usually more effective.
School of Illusion
The only possible use case I can think of is the Arcane Trickster if you want more wizard spellcasting, but if that’s what you’re doing there are better subclass options for you. Bladesinging and School of Enchantment may both be better.
- Improved Minor Illusion: 2 levels to be a little better at one cantrip. Not worth it.
School of Necromancy
Tempting for a high-damage offensive spellcaster, but not defining or essential in any build.
- Grim Harvest: This is tempting because it applies to non-wizard spells, so if you’re using offensive spells from another class this can be a good way to keep your hit points up. Giving up access to higher-level spells to get this may be a hard trade, but if you’re getting by on staple options like Fireball and Spirit Guardians which scale well with spell level you can get a lot out of this.
School of Transmutation
Nothing worth the levels.
- Minor Alchemy: Very versatile, but it’s not powerful enough to justify multiclassing.
This is objectively fantastic, but it’s hard to find a build that will want it. The obvious answers are the Arcane Trickster Rogue, the Battlesmith Artificer, and the Eldritch Knight Fighter. But those are the exact same characters that line up well for Bladesinging, and Bladesinging tends to get more attention.
But there are still some standout builds where War Magic shines. Bladesinging is only available to elves (and half-elves since they count as elves and humans at the same time), and it only works for one minute bursts, after which if you’re not also a good spellcaster you’re pretty useless. By comparison, War Magic works as long as you have your Reaction so you can negate attacks and shug off saving throws all day long. The bonuses won’t be as big as those from Bladesong once your Intelligence hits +5, but the fact that you can use them constantly may be worthwhile. Bladesinging also doesn’t give you an Initiative bonus.
- Arcane Deflection, Tactical Wit: +2 AC as a Reaction isn’t quite as good as Shield, but it’s still really good. +4 to a saving throw as a Reaction is absolutely unbelievable. Sure, you can’t cast non-cantrips on your next turn, but for many multiclass characters that doesn’t matter even slightly. Tactical Wit is a great Initiative bonus, too.
Example Multiclass Builds
All the stuff above was… well, it was a lot. I get it. Character optimization can be complicated, and those complications increase exponentially when you bring multiclassing into the equation. This section details several examples of multiclass options which appeal to specific classes. So if you already know the class that you want to focus on (your “primary class”) but want to explore multiclassing, this section offers several go-to multiclass options for each class which you can pick up without a ton of trouble and without adding a lot of complication to your build.
Fighter (Any) 1 / Artificer (Any) X: Starting with a level in fighter gets you heavy armor without giving up proficiency in Constitution saves. For artificer subclasses which don’t already get heavy armor proficiency, this can be a significant boost to your AC and can reduce the need for Dexterity so that you can focus on other ability scores. However, if you don’t meet the Strength requirement you’ll face a persistent and annoying speed penalty.
Rogue (Thief) 3 / Artificer (Any) X: Do you like items? Of course you do! On top of Expertise, three levels in rogue (thief) can get you Fast Hands, allowing you to take the Use an Object action as a Bonus Action.
Wizard (Bladesinging) 2 / Artificer (Battlesmith) X: Bladesong is a fantastic buff for an Intelligence-based character, and the Battlesmith is an Intelligence-based front-line character so the combination is pretty obvious. Between Battle Ready and Bladesong you’re adding Intelligence to many of your most important stats so you can focus on Intelligence almost exclusively. However, Bladesong only works twice between each Short or Long Rest, and the Adventuring Day rules suggest two Short Rests in a day of roughly 10 encounters, so you’ll find that roughly one in three encounters will require you to go without using bladesong. Make sure that you can still function during those encounters.
Fighter (Champion) 3 / Barbarian (Any) X: Improved Critical synergizes with Brutal Critical very well. Add in the Half-Orc’s Savage Attacks and grab a greataxe, and your critical hits will be frequent and devastating. With Reckless Attack and Improved Critical, your odds of rolling a critical hit are 19% (nearly 1 in 5).
Rogue (Assassin) 3 / Barbarian (Any) X: Similar to the Fighter (Champion) above, the Assassin’s Assassinate feature synergizes with Brutal Critical very well. However, you trade the Champion’s sustainably high critical hit output for guaranteed critical against surprised creatures. If you go this route, don’t neglect your Dexterity, look for other ways to improve your Initiative rolls, and learn to capitalize on Stealth to surprise your enemies.
Sorcerer (Any) 1, 2, or 3 / Bard (Any) X: Sorcerers get proficiency in Constitution saving throws (crucial for Concentration) and get melee cantrips like Booming Blade which aren’t normally available to the Bard without spending powerful resources like Magical Secrets. The overlap in spellcasting ability means that the spells gained from sorcerer levels will remain effective as you advance. Two levels gets you Font of Magic which doesn’t care where the spell slots come from, and three levels gets you Metamagic which similarly doesn’t care whether you’re casting sorcerer spells or not.
Warlock (Hexblade) 1, 2, or 3 / Bard (Any) X: Hexblade significantly simplifies a lot of the Bard’s deficiencies in melee combat. Access to medium armor and shields removes the need to pursue College of Valor, and cantrips like Booming Blade will close the damage gap between single attacks and Extra Attack. Get 14 Dexterity, a suit of half plate, and a shield and you’ll have 19 AC and you can focus on your Charisma and improve both your martial capabilities and your spellcasting at the same time. A second Warlock Level gets you invocations, and a third can get you both Pact of the Blade and Improved Pact Weapon. However, that second or third level mean trading some spellcasting for more martial capabilities, so you need to decide what balance you want to strike with your character.
Wizard (School of Divination or Chronurgy Magic) 2 / Bard (College of Eloquence) X: Seize control of the outcome of rolls! Wizard offers access to either Portent or Chronal Shift depending on which of the two schools you pick, allowing you to change the outcome of two rolls per days.
The remainder of your levels go into bard primarily for Bardic Inspiration. Your number of uses of Bardic Inspiration are Charisma-based, so you want this to be a high-Charisma build and limit your wizard spells to spells which don’t depend on your spellcasting modifier (absorb elements, shield, and utility options are all good choices).
To go even further, add Halfling for the Lucky racial trait, and consider the Bountiful Luck feat. You can add the Lucky feat regardless of your race, too. However, that’s two feats which puts off Ability Score Increases for a long time, and between that and being a full spell level behind on your bard spellcasting you’ll need to avoid offensive spells and spells which depend on your spellcasting ability modifier as much as possible.
You can add a level of Wild Magic Sorcerer to gain Tides of Chaos, but that only applies to yourself and adding a third class adds a lot of complexity to your character (especially your spell list) for little benefit.
Fighter 1 or 2 / Cleric (Any) X: Starting with Fighter gets you proficiency in Constitution saves, which is a huge help with Concentration checks. It also gets you heavy armor if your domain doesn’t provide it and a Fighting Style. Two levels gets you Action Surge, allowing you to do things like casting two spells in the same turn without running into the limitation on Bonus Action spells. Action Surge only works once per Short or Long Rest, but it’s still noteworthy. You might go to three levels for a subclass, but that’s uncommon.
Monk (Any) 1 / Cleric (Any) X: Unarmored Defense and Martial Arts are interesting options for clerics that don’t get heavy armor proficiency. Grab a monk weapon and focus on Dexterity and Wisdom, and many domains which offer a version of Divine Strike can be considerably more effective in melee. The second attack from Martial Arts will be redundant for War Domain, but other domains like Grave Domain or Light Domain gain a reliable way to make more than one weapon attack per turn. Unarmored Defense also allows you to hit 20 AC (though this requires quite a few Ability Score Increases) without using armor or a shield, which means that you can keep a hand free to perform spellcasting components without reluing on War Caster or juggling your weapon.
Paladin (Any) 2, 5, or 6 / Cleric (Any) X: Two levels of paladin offers Divine Smite, which combined with the cleric’s better spell progression (and therefore larger pool of spell slots) offers more smites and generally better martial options for the Cleric. You won’t get proficiency with Constitution saves like you would with a Fighter class dip, but If you can manage 6 levels Aura of Protection can help compensate or you can take Resilient. Unfortunately, this build can be very MAD since paladins are already MAD and you’re adding a Wisdom requirement. Most likely, you’ll have better results attempting the same build with a Divine Soul Sorcerer.
Rogue (Any) 1, 2, or 3 / Cleric (Trickery) X: The Trickery cleric makes sense in a stealthy party, but lacks the core proficiencies brought by a rogue, and doesn’t have access to finesse weapons better than a dagger. If you want to replace a rogue with a trickery cleric, starting with a level of rogue gets you all of the rogue’s proficiencies and a splash of Sneak Attack damage. Two levels gets you Cunning Action so you’ve always got a good use for your Bonus Action without pouring spell slots into Spiritual Weapon, and three levels gets you a bit more Sneak Attack and a subclass. Personally I would go for Arcane Trickster for the spellcasting or Mastermind for Master of Tactics to complement the cleric’s support capabilities.
Barbarian (Any) 1, 2, or 3 / Druid (Circle of the Moon) X: Rage and Unarmored Defense are both appealing for Circle of the Moon because they both work while in Wild Shape. Reckless Attack does, too, but it’s a big gamble since Wild Shape provides such a small pool of hit points before you’re knocked out of Wild Shape. And, while Unarmored Defense does work in Wild Shape it doesn’t necessarily work very well. I go into the math in my Practical Guide to Wild Shape.
Monk (Any) 1, 2, or 3 / Druid (Circle of the Moon) X: Martial Arts works while using Wild Shape, as does the Monk’s Unarmored Defense. So long as your Wisdom is sufficiently high, you can improve the AC of many forms, though not all of them. I go into the math in my Practical Guide to Wild Shape. And, while Martial Arts does work in Wild Shape you need to take the Attack action and make an attack an “unarmed strike”. Animal’s natural weapon attacks are not unarmed strikes, so they don’t count. That means that you may be punching and kicking in favor of biting and clawing. 2 levels get you Ki and Unarmored Movement, both of which work in Wild Shape (and Unarmored Movements applies to your new form’s movement speeds). 3 levels gets you a subclass, but by this point you’re setting yourself really far behind on Wild Shape so the drawbacks are arguably offsetting the benefits of the class dip.
Monk (Any) 1 / Druid (Circle of Spores) X: I know, two monk/druid builds seems redundant, but this is a really great combo that I can’t ignore. Circle of Spores is difficult to optimize and it has a bunch of mechanical challenges. Druids have terrible AC and bad martial options, and while Symbiotic Entity helps compensate for both there’s a ton of room for improvement. Unarmored Defense is a great option for the Circle of Spores Druid. Max out Dexterity and Wisdom and you can hit 20 AC without spells or a sheild (though that will obviously take a while). You can use Dexterity to fight with either a spear or a staff, removing the need for Shillelagh which is typically difficult for spores druids to forgo. Martial Arts offers an additional attack, allowing you to apply your bonus poison damage more frequently on top of the extra damage output from making twice as many attacks as a druid normally can. You don’t need to go further into the Monk than level 1, which makes this an exceptionally powerful class dip.
Barbarian (Any) 1, 2, or 3 / Fighter (Any) X: Rage is a really tempting buff, but it only works if you’re not in heavy armor. Unarmored Defense is similarly great, but maxing out the AC requires a ton of Ability Score Increases. The Fighter gets more Ability Score Increases than any other class, which presents an opportunity to get your Strength, Dexterity, and Constitution all up to 20 for an AC of 20 totally naked. If you start with 16 Strength, 14 Dexterity, and 16 Constitution you can hit 20 in each if you take only one level of barbarian then go straight fighter after that. But more likely you’re exploring barbarian for more than just the ability to fight unarmored, in which case options like Reckless Attack are extremely appealing for fighters.
Rogue (Any) 2 / Fighter (Any) X: 2 levels of rogue gets you a lot of skills and Cunning Action, which provides a powerful usage for your Bonus Action on a class with very few built-in Bonus Action options. This combines well with the Polearm Master+Sentinel combo because if enemies manage to get adjacent to you you can use Cunning Action to Withdraw safely then force your enemies to charge into your reach again to get close enough to attack you.
Ranger 2 / Paladin 2 / Fighter (Champion) 10+: Do you like Fighting Style? Here’s how you get 4 of them. It’s neat, but it’s a bad build.
Barbarian (Any) 1 or 2 / Monk (Any) X: The two version of Unarmored Defense don’t stack, but if you’re not reliant on Wisdom for save DCs or anything like that, the Barbarian’s version of Unarmored Defense may actually be better than the Monk’s. De-emphasizing Wisdom means that you can instead focus on Constitution, thereby raising the Monk’s relatively poor hit points compared to more durable from-lint martial classes. Two levels gets you Reckless Attack, which is a hard gamble for the Monk with d8 hit dice and low AC (until you gain enough ability score increases to raise it), but Advantage on 3-4 attacks (Extra Attack and Flurry of Blows) can yield a lot of damage output if you use it as an occasional damage boost rather than running Reckless Attack constantly like many barbarians do.
Rogue (Any) 1 / Monk (Any) X: Starting with a level in rogue adds a bunch of additional skills to the Monk. Monks are typically somewhere between a fighter-equivalent and rogue-equivalent, but since they don’t have the durability to replace a fighter they’re typically filling the space normally filled by a rogue. Starting with a level in rogue offers better skills and expertise, and if you want to enjoy the 1d6 of Sneak Attack damage you can use a dagger or a short sword. I wouldn’t go past level 1 since Uncanny Dodge is so redundant with the options provided by Ki.
Sorcerer (Any) 1 or 2 / Paladin (Any) X: Similar to the Warlock, the Sorcerer offers additional spellcasting options to the Paladin, and the multiclass is popular enough that it’s affextionately nicknamed the “Sorcadin”. On top of the extra spell slots, sorcerers get access to great spells like Booming Blade which can be powerful assets for martial characters. Two levels gets you Font of Magic, which allows you to convert your spell slots into Sorcery Points and back, and it’s a common tactic to turn your spell slots into a pile of 1st-level slots because 1st-level slots have the best conversion rate from spell slot to Divine Smite damage dice. Personally I like a Draconic Bloodline Sorcerer with a Dexterity-based build; you can still hit 20 AC thanks to Draconic Resilience and there’s no additional tracking beyond the spells.
Warlock (Hexblade) 1, 2, or 3 / Paladin (Any) X: Warlock/Paladin builds have been popular since 5e’s release. The promise of recharging spell slots on a Short Rest in conjunction with Divine Smite is hard to pass up. This combination was affectionately nicknamed the “Lockadin”, but gave way immediately to the “Hexadin” the moment that Hexblades were published. The ability to use Charisma for attack and damage with weapons made the Paladin considerably less MAD, so they could emphasize both their martial capabilities and their magical abilities by increasing the same ability score. If you go this route, there are good break points at levels 1, 2, and 3. Level 2 gets a second spell slot and an invocation, and level 3 gets you 2nd-level spells for bigger smites and you get Pact Boon.
Barbarian (Any) 1, 2, or 3 / Paladin (Any) X: Rage won’t work in heavy armor, so if you want Rage you’ll need to manage medium armor which will make the Paladin even more MAD than they already are. Still, if you can manage it both Rage and Reckless Attack are great on the Paladin.
Druid (Any) 1 / Ranger (Any) X: The Druid’s spellcasting is very similar to the Ranger’s, but they get cantrips and several 1st-level spell options like Healing Word which the Ranger doesn’t. Grab Shillelagh and you can build a high-Wisdom ranger and still work great in melee. Of course, you’ll need to give up metal armor so you’ll still need high Dexterity, and you can get access to the spells you want by taking Magic Initiate.
Fighter (Any) 1 / Ranger (Any) X: If you want to build a Strength-based ranger, this is the way to do it. Starting with the Fighter gets you heavy armor, a Fighting Style, and proficiency in Constitution saves so that you can maintain Concentration more easily with spells like Hunter’s Mark and Guardian of Nature. This one-level class dip shifts the Ranger from a Rogue-equivalent to a high-damage Fighter-equivalent, allowing you to easily stand on the fron lines to protect your allies. Since you get two Fighting Styles, consider making your second either Defense for the AC or Protection to keep your allies safe.
Rogue (Any) 1, 2, or 3 / Ranger (Any) X: Rogue dips have been a favorite for rangers since at least 3rd edition. While rangers attempt to walk a line between the Druid, the Fighter, and Rogue, they’re typically filling the role in a party typically covered by the Rogue. Rogues get better skill/tool proficiencies at first level, not to mention Expertise, so starting with a single level offers a great deal of extra non-combat options. You give up medium armor, but most rangers stick to light armor anyway. Two levels gets you Cunning Action, which is great but may conflict with the Ranger’s spellcasting or with two-weapon fighting. Three levels gets you a subclass, but none of them offer anything that adds a lot to the ranger. Cantrips from Arcane Trickster could be neat, though.
Barbarian (Any) 2 / Rogue (Any) X: Reckless Attack is an easy source of Advantage, which is really convenient way for the Rogue to use Sneak Attack. It’s high-risk, but fortunately you’ll get Uncanny Dodge to help reduce some of the damage you would take. It’s also easy to overlook Unarmored Defense for the Rogue, but it’s a surprisignly great option. Rogues normally max out at 17 AC (short of spells and magic items) because light armor maxes out at 12+Dex. You can hit 12+Dex AC with the Barbarian’s Unarmored Defense and 14 Constitution, which is easily achievable as early as first level. Rogues also get an extra Ability Score Increase, so hitting 20 Dexterity and 20 Constitution is not only possible, it’s easy and it’s probably a good idea. That gets you 20 AC totally unequipped.
Rogue (Any) 6 / Bard (College of Eloquence) 10 / ?: As much Expertise as possible! you get Expertise in 4 things from Rogue, and 4 things from Bard, and College of Eloquence lets you treat rolls of 9 or below on Charisma (Deception) and Charisma (Persuasion) as a 10, similar to the Rogue’s Reliable Talent feature, but we can’t get Reliable Talent without giving up the Bard’s second round of Expertise of 10th level. Unfortunately, you may struggle with anything except skills.
Rogue (Any) 1 / Bard (Any) 2 / Rogue X: A more realistic version of the above build, you give up just 2 levels of rogue for an extra skill proficiency, Expertise in two more things, and the magnificent Jack of All Trades. You don’t get to say “I have Expertise in 8 things”, but you’re actually a decent rogue which is probably more important. You’ll want a bit of Charisma to fuel your limited spellcasting and Bardic Inspiration, but don’t go crazy since your rogue levels are doing most of the work here.
Fighter (Any) 1, 2, or 3 / Sorcerer (Any) X: Heavy armor and proficiency in Constitution saves. 2 levels gets you Action Surge, which makes Quicken Spell somewhat redundant so you can pursue other Metamagic options. Three levels gets you a subclass, which offers several interesting options. Personally I recommend the Eldritch Knight. You get a few more cantrips and some additional known spells, which is a big addition since the Sorcerer knows so few. However, since the spellcasting from Eldritch Knight is Intelligence-based, stick to spells which don’t require spell attacks or saving throws, like Booming Blade, Absorb Elements, Shield, and other defensive or utility options.
Paladin (Any) 2, 5, or 6 / Sorcerer (Any) X: The “Sorcadin” build isn’t always primarily a paladin. Just as the Sorcerer offers the Paladin additional spellcasting, the Paladin offers the Sorcerer extra durability. If you want to be better with weapons, you might go all the way to 5th level in paladin for Extra Attack, or you might go to 6 for Aura of Protection. However, that’s a lot of spellcasting to give up, and sorcerers get proficiency in Constitution saves so it’s hard to give that up for heavy armor. The big gain here is Divine Smite which can pile on top of Booming Blade or Green-Flame Blade for big melee hits at a low spell slot cost. If you just want heavy armor, consider the Fighter Instead.
Warlock 2 or 3 / Sorcerer: Font of Magic doesn’t care that warlock spell slots come from Pact Magic rather than from Spellcasting, and Eldritch Blast with Agonizing Blast is a powerful offensive option. 2 levels gets you Agonizing Blast and 2 spell slots, and three levels gets those spells slots up to level 2 so that they’re worth more Sorcery Points.
Sorcerer (Any) 3 / Warlock (Any) X: Quicken Spell is really tempting with Eldritch Blast. Casting it twice in a single turn is a huge pile of damage, especially if you already have Hex and/or Hexblade’s Curse running.
Fighter (Any) 1 / Warlock (Any) X: Starting with a level of fighter gets you heavy armor and proficiency in Constitution saving throws, which are crucial for maintaining Concentration. This is probably most effective for the Hexblade, but it’s a tempting option for any warlock. The addition of Fighting Style is also very helpful regardless of your choice of weaponry.
Artificer (Any) 1, 2, or 3 / Wizard (Any) X: Artificers start with proficiency in Constitution saving throws, medium armor, and shields. That’s a big increase in durability for any wizard. Bladesingers have especially good synergy with the Battlesmith, and the combination works so well that you can favor either side of the class split and still be very effective depending on whether you want more spellcasting or more Infused Items.
Fighter (Any) 1 or 2 / Wizard (Any) X: Similar to the Artificer, the Fighter offers heavy armor and shields. However, the better armor and Fighting Style come at the cost of a level of spellcasting so there’s some cost/benefit analysis to be done.
Sorcerer (Any) 3 / Wizard (Any) X: All the versatility of Metamagic combined with the versatility of the Wizard’s spellbook. You give up higher-level spells known, but you still get full spell slot advancement. If you dump Charisma (and you probably should) you can still use your sorcerer spellcasting for utility spells and staple defensive options like Absorb Elements and Shield which remain effective at every level but normally present a tax on your limited number of prepared spells.
D&D 5e Multiclassing Combinations: Your Ultimate Guide for a Masterful Multiclass
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From increasing utility to developing a beautiful character arch, multiclassing can have multiple benefits—if you choose the right combination. If you’re a little hazy on how to multiclass, see our article that quickly and clearly explains the multiclassing rules and reasons to or not to multiclass.
You can also explore our muticlass builds here.
When building a multiclass, you will choose a class for your Character Level 1. We will call this your “core class.” Traditionally, more levels are taken in the core class than in your secondary class, but that is not always the case. In this article, we will only focus on multiclassing a core class with a secondary class, and no additional classes, though that is always a possibility.
Here we’ll discuss why a class is or is not an excellent core class candidate and which classes mesh well. Remember, when you multiclass, you miss out on the highest levels of your core class.
So what do we consider a good reason to multiclass? From our How to Multiclass in 5e article:
We recommend multiclassing for these three reasons: to pick up armor proficiencies, to gain low-level class skills, or to fit a specific character archetype.
So let’s begin.
Jump to the class you’re most interested in:
If you intend on being primarily an Artificer, we personally love the level-twenty ability of +1 bonus to all saving throws for each magic item you are attuned to (up to 6!). That’s our personal taste because we love that capstone. There is a lot of multiclassing potential for Artificers if you don’t plan on getting to level twenty or you don’t care for the capstone as much as we do.
The Artificer can be an excellent multiclass for other classes. Taking up to three levels in the intelligence-based Artificer may be beneficial to other classes in order to gain armor and tool proficiencies, magic Infusions (quick magic items or enhanced armor and weapons), and potential subclass features.
You can play the Artificer class with Eberron: Rising from the Last War or Tasha’s Cauldron of Everything.
Art by Brolo, CC License
Wizards can gain heavy armor proficiency without needing Strength scores of fifteen by taking three levels of Armorer Artificer. Wizards can go with other Artificer levels to gain just medium armor and the proficiencies mentioned earlier. It also allows them to learn Cure Wounds and use their Intelligence modifier to cast it. Awesome!
Artificers may dip three levels in Fighter to get a subclass that benefits melee combat. The Battlesmith Artificer may be especially interested in improving its martial abilities. Action Surge at level two is always great. Heck, you could take a level of Barbarian to get Rage if you’re not using heavy armor or relying on spells during combat.
Artificers are incredibly versatile, so multiclassing with them has multitudes of possibilities.
Things to consider:
- A main feature of Barbarians is Unarmored Defense, so armor proficiencies matter little.
- When raging, a Barbarian cannot cast or concentrate on spells.
- Level 20 Barbarians increase their Strength and Constitution maximum scores to 24. Is this something you’re willing to sacrifice for a multiclass that can’t be achieved some other way?
Compatible Barbarian Multiclasses:
Focusing on Strength, a Barbarian/Fighter gains a Fighting Style, Action Surge, a potential to increase crits (especially with Reckless Attack), and possible battle maneuvers. We recommend taking 1-3 levels in Fighter, but definitely not as many as 5, as Extra Attacks don’t stack.
- If you choose to take three levels in Fighter, Champion is a great archetype for increasing the probability of critical hits. A Barbarian who is Reckless Attacking has advantage, and a Champion can crit on a 19 or a 20. You’ll be increasing your probability of a crit immensely.
- With Path of the Berserker, a Barbarian can make a single melee weapon attack as a bonus action each turn. Add in Extra Attack, and the Champion Fighter archetype, and the number of crits a character makes should skyrocket.
- Conversely, choose the Fighter archetype Battle Master and gain extra maneuverability in battle.
Adding a few levels of Rogue can beef any Barbarian build. With Expertise, an additional skill, and (if taking two levels) Cunning Action, this is a solid combination. Plus, a Barbarian gains advantage while Reckless Attacking, which gives him automatic Sneak Attack while using a finesse weapon, even while using Strength. For more ideas on how to be a rapier-wielding Barbarian, see our article here.
- We don’t recommend taking more than two levels in Rogue, as none of the archetypes, except maybe Scout, really add much to a Barbarian.
- Note that Sneak Attack won’t be a ton of extra damage, as you’re just taking a few levels in Rogue.
Notable Barbarian Multiclasses:
To make this multiclass work, forego damage-based Bard spells and focus on utility spells that can be cast out of battle. This build is useful for improving grappling and athletics abilities with Jack of All Trades (level 2) and Expertise (level 3).
- Take 3 levels in Bard for the College of Swords (Blade Bard) for extra damage.
Clerics have useful Domain abilities that can be used while raging, and healing can be used outside of battle.
- Death Domain adds additional damage once per rest with a melee attack at level two.
- Strength Domain gives you a Druid cantrip and a +10 bonus to an attack roll, ability check, or saving throw, once per rest.
- War Domain allows you to make an additional weapon attack as a bonus action a number of times equal to your Wisdom modifier and gives you a +10 bonus to an attack roll once per rest.
- Arcana Domain combined with the Ancestral Guardian Barbarian totem can produce an interesting Oracle-style Necromancer.
To best utilize this multiclass, take at least 3 levels in Druid.
- Druids who choose Circle of the Moon gain the ability to Wild Shape as a bonus action while in a rage. Be sure to choose a beast that uses Strength in its attack in order to gain the rage damage bonus.
- Choose the Bear Path of the Totem Warrior to become resistant to all but psychic damage, even while in Wild Shape, and expend your spell slots as a bonus action to heal yourself (Circle of the Moon), to keep the Wild Shape party going. Since you can’t cast while raging or in Wild Shape anyway, this is a great compromise.
- If you wish to focus on the Druid side of this build, see the Druid/Barbarian section of this article
Bard is a pretty versatile core class. Like many other spellcasting classes, Bards use Charisma as their primary stat. Classes that also utilize Charisma are prime candidates to multiclass with Bard. Plus, Bards don’t have many awesome abilities at high levels, so taking a few levels in anything is worthwhile.
Bard by bipicado, CC License
Things to consider:
- Full spellcasters will usually take a hit when multiclassing with other full spellcasters, as they will be unable to reach all high level spells.
- Utilize that high Charisma of a Bard to multiclass with another high-Charisma class.
- Bards aren’t really fighters—they are more utility-based characters, so focus on multiclasses that give more utility (with one exception: a Paladin multiclass).
Compatible Bard Multiclasses:
If you want to be a fighting Bard, this multiclass is probably your best option, as both Bards and Paladins utilize high Charisma. With the addition of a Fighting Style and Smiting at Paladin level two, Bard/Paladins benefit from a Bard’s higher spell slots: the higher the spell slot expended, the more Smiting damage.
- You could choose Paladin as your core class, but Bards at level 10 and 14 get magical secrets to learn 2 highest spells from any class. Thus, it would be more beneficial to use Bard as your core class, as you can get two high-level Paladin spells that would not be available to Paladins who multiclass with Bard.
- All Paladin archetypes mesh well with Bard except Paladin of Ancients, which is only useful if you take 6 levels of Paladin. This is not a great tradeoff.
- Additionally, while taking 5 levels in Paladin gives you Extra Attack, Bard’s College of Valor can give you the extra attack instead.
- Try to get high Bard spell slots by taking as many levels in Bard as you can in order to deal maximum damage from Smite.
As full spellcasters, Bards have great advantage with their spells already. By adding Cleric, a character could have some extra spells prepared. You could also add medium or heavy armor proficiencies, depending on the Cleric’s Domain. We recommend choosing utility Cleric spells like buffs that don’t use modifiers, since Clerics are Wisdom-based.
- Life Domain gives a Bard/Cleric heavy armor proficiencies and enhance healing spells. You will need Strength 13 to wear heavy armor.
- Nature Domain could be thematically cool, as a character will get a Druid cantrip and heavy armor proficiencies (13 Strength required to wear). One could also charm animals in a Snow White-fashion based on Wisdom (if 2 levels are taken).
- Arcana Domain is useful for Bards, but you wouldn’t get armor proficiency. With this domain, you’ll get 2 cantrips and the arcana proficiency. With this, you could always have detect magic prepared.
This is a clever multiclass with nice benefits. A Bard who chooses College of Valor will get armor proficiencies, but a Bard who multiclasses one level with Fighter will get these benefits all the same. Then, the Bard/Fighter could choose a much more beneficial College for greater utility.
Notable Bard Multiclass
Because a Rogue and a Bard both gain Expertise, a character could have up to 8 Expertise skills (if you take 6 levels Rogue). Additionally, Cunning Action is useful for improved mobility. Note here that Sneak Attack doesn’t really do enough damage to matter with a class like Bard that should focus less on damage.
- At 3 levels in Rogue, a Bard/Rogue can choose the Arcane Trickster archetype, which gives the character additional spells, though they use Intelligence instead of Charisma. As an Arcane Trickster, a Bard/Rogue will gain a suped-up Mage Hand.
- A Scout archetype gives a Bard/Rogue double proficiency on Nature and Survival checks at 3rd level, which is essentially the same as gaining Expertise under a different name. Remember, you only add extra proficiency once, so the ‘Survivalist’ feature does not stack with Expertise.
In our opinion, Clerics should just go full Cleric. Clerics have great high-level abilities, and they don’t need to learn spells, just prepare them. With the right Domain, a Cleric will gain heavy armor proficiencies. Additionally, Clerics get a multitude of abilities with Domains and Channel Divinities. You won’t find too many powerbuilds with Cleric as the core class.
For a more in-depth analysis, see our Cleric Multiclass Guide.
Art by Dragon7350, CC License
Things to Consider:
- Most Clerics stay out of the melee fights, but if you want a specific Cleric style, like War Cleric, you will find that Cleric/Paladin is your best option.
- We recommend taking no more than two levels of a multiclass with Cleric, as a Cleric gains three uses of Channel Divinity per rest at level 18, which is an invaluable addition.
Compatible Cleric Multiclass
Gaining a Fighting Style and Smite, a Cleric/Paladin gains more martial abilities and attack damage. If a player chooses to take multiple levels in Paladin, his character will gain Extra Attack at level 5, but this risks gaining high-level Cleric spells and abilities.
Druids are a versatile core class based on what team role your character will fill: healer, tank, damage-dealer, support, etc. A Druid can mix with many classes adequately when she chooses efficient spells to aid his focus.
Aarakocra Druid by Ioana-Muresan, CC License
Things to Consider:
- A Druid uses Wisdom to spellcast, so combining with other spellcasters that use Charisma can be a waste of stats.
- At Level 20, Druids can use Wild Shape unlimitedly, so think carefully about multiclassing and missing out on this ability!
- Druids only wear light or medium armor, which can’t be made of metal, so you won’t multiclass for armor proficiencies.
Compatible Druid Multiclass:
This is by far the most effective Druid multiclass. Dipping even one level into Barbarian will give you Rage and Unarmored Defense. This will permit you a higher armor class than leather armor, which a Druid typically wears, and the ability to rage in beast form, giving you extra damage with Strength attacks, advantage on Strength checks and saving throws, and extra resistances.
- Choose Circle of the Moon archetype to wild shape as a bonus action, allowing you to keep your rage going.
- Taking three levels in Barbarian and choosing the Bear Path of the Totem Warrior will grant you resistance to all damage types except psychic, and you can heal yourself by expending spell slots as a bonus action (if you are Circle of the Moon).
A great nature healer. Taking two levels in Cleric will give your Druid character a Divine Domain and a Channel Divinity, which can add some cool abilities and access to additional spells.
- Choose the Life Domain to gain additional healing per spell (2 + spell level), which means Goodberries restore 4 instead of 1 hit point (a total gain of 30 hit points for a 1st level spell).
Notable Druid Multiclasses:
A single level dip in Fighter will provide a Druid with a Fighting Style and Action Surge.
- Armor proficiencies don’t help Druids very much, but one particular Fighting Style available is Mariner (UA), which will give a Druid a swimming speed, a climbing speed, AND a +1 bonus to AC.
- Action Surge is helpful for any class, but for a spellcaster, a Druid can cast two non-bonus action spells in one turn. And a character regains his use of Action Surge after only a short rest.
- There are not many Fighter Archetypes that mesh well with Druids, unfortunately. A Druid shines best when he focuses on utility spells above damage output or weapon attacks. While there are many spells that deal sufficient damage, there are more Druid Utility spells that rock. So a Druid that wants to gain a Fighter Archetype should focus on one that provides additional utility, especially to spellcasting.
- Scout (UA) is possibly the best Fighter archetype to combine with Druid, as a character will gain proficiencies in three new skills and superiority dice bonuses for skill checks and armor class.
Taking one level in Monk will give a Druid extra AC with Unarmored Defense (AC = 10 + Dex + Wis, which is great for Druids, who use Wisdom for spellcasting). Taking more levels in Monk can provide extra utility like speed and dodging/disengaging/dashing, but the tradeoff is fewer Druid spell slots. For this build, it is better if you’re more Druid than Monk.
For a player who wants to be an effective weapon-wielding Druid, the Druid/Ranger multiclass is probably the best option. As a half-caster, Rangers will augment a Druid’s spellcasting with additional spells (starting at level 2). At first level, a Ranger can choose a favored enemy against which he can track better. With Natural Explorer, he gains a favored terrain; and at second level, a Ranger gains a Fighting Style. This can give bonuses to ranged weapon attacks (Archery), gain a swimming and climbing speed while increase AC (Mariner, UA), or remove disadvantage for close-quarters shooting while giving a +1 bonus to attack rolls (Close Quarters Shooter, UA).
A Druid/Ranger that desires Extra Attack will take five levels in Ranger. Thus, the character must find an archetype that synergizes with Druid.
- Beast Master will give you a companion to control on your turn. You command actions such as Attack, Dash, Disengage, Dodge, or Help. At level 5 Ranger, you also get to attack in addition to your beast.
- Hunter will give a Ranger extra abilities with attacking, such as damage bonus or an additional attack.
A Druid/Ranger should focus his attention on a Druid Circle and spells that augment weapon fighting or increase utility, so the Circle of the Moon is out of the running.
- Circle of the Land returns spell slots and provides new spells like Misty Step, Silence, Spider Climb, and more. At Druid level six, difficult terrain costs no extra movement, which can be helpful for a ranger who fights at a distance and has to close that distance fast.
- Circle of the Shepherd (Xanathar) allows a Druid to summon spirit auras that give advantage on attack rolls, along with bonuses to summoned creatures.
- Here are three articles on Druid spells that greatly increase utility: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3
Fighters may benefit greatly from a few levels in another class. Requiring a 13 minimum in Strength or Dexterity to multiclass, this class pairs well with Rogue and Barbarian, as well as Ranger and Warlock.
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Things to Consider:
- Focusing on physical Strength, Fighters pair well with other physical stats-based classes.
- Extra Attacks don’t stack, so keep your multiclass level low if the other class has this feature.
- Fighters have proficiencies in all armor and often wear heavy armor, but that is not required.
Compatible Fighter Multiclasses:
Probably the most synergetic multiclass for a Fighter, dipping a level in Barbarian as a Fighter will give Rage abilities, which give advantage to Strength checks and saving throws, damage resistances, and increases damage. A Fighter/Barbarian will not utilize his Heavy Armor proficiencies, as one cannot rage in Heavy Armor, but that is made up for with Unarmored Defense, which allows a character to add his Constitution modifier to his AC.
Taking a second level will add Reckless Attack, giving a character advantage on all Strength-based melee weapon attacks, as well as Danger Sense, where a character has advantage on Dexterity saving throws against attacks that can be seen.
- Take advantage of the Reckless Attack by choosing the Fighter archetype Champion, which scores a critical hit on a weapon attack roll of 19 or 20, increasing the probability for a critical hit.
With the addition of a skill proficiency, Expertise, and Sneak Attack, a Fighter/Rogue is a winning multiclass. Taking expertise in athletics, and gaining Cunning Action at level two (dash, disengage, or hide as a bonus action) will help a fighter hone his grappling maneuverability. Also, having a proficiency in Thieves Tools is always helpful. Don’t count on Sneak Attack adding too much damage, as it’ll be low as a low-level Rogue.
See our Ultimate 5e Rogue Fighter Multiclass Guide for our analysis on this multiclass combination.
I would argue that a player shouldn’t take more than two or three levels in Rogue when multiclassing with a Fighter, as he’ll miss out too much on awesome high-level Fighter abilities. If you choose to go to level three, here are two opportune Rogue archetypes that mesh well with Fighter:
- Assassin: gain advantage on attack rolls against a creature that hasn’t taken a turn yet. Also, any hit you score against a creature that is surprised is a crit. Recall that at level 5, Fighters gain Extra Attack, which means more hits with advantage. Combine this with the Alert feat (+5 to initiative) to ensure success! See this Arcane Archer Assassin build.
- Swashbuckler: Prevent creatures from having opportunity attack against you and gain Sneak Attack when you and your foe are secluded.
Notable Fighter Multiclasses:
Become a versatile Fighter with this combination. Choose a favored enemy, gain advantages on difficult terrain, and choose an additional Fighting Style at level two to become an adept fighter and a natural party leader. With the addition of Hunter’s Mark at level two, no enemy can easily escape you.
You basically can’t go wrong with any archetype. Just choose what style of fighting you want to achieve, and you’ll find a great combination.
See our Arcane Archer/Hexblade multiclass “Hexarcher” here.
Thematically, this is a very cool multiclass. Gain some impressive Invocations to beef up your utility or weapon damage, and score some wicked Patron abilities.
- Despite the fun build, this can be a weak multiclass, as some of the Pacts do not mesh well or are redundant with Fighter abilities.
- However, combine this multiclass with a few more classes and build a powerful death-dealer.
Like Cleric, we recommend building straight Monk for newer players. With an incredible reach of abilities and skills, Monks do not benefit much from an addition of another class. If you do want to multiclass, keep in mind that Monks already have a variety of options for their actions and bonus actions. Multiclassing can be rewarding for Monks who are mindful of their already-crowded options.
Art by SurugaMonkey, CC License
Things to Consider:
- Monks get a high quantity of attacks. If you multiclass, focus on abilities to beef attacks.
- Monks have Unarmored Defense, so armor proficiency does little for a Monk.
Compatible Monk Multiclasses:
To gain the most from your multiple attacks, a Ranger’s Hunters Mark will add 1D6 to each of a Monk’s Fury of Blows. However, instead of multiclassing, you could choose the Magic Initiate feat to gain the Warlock spell Hex and gain the same 1d6 damage boost without compromising a level in Monk.
Two levels of Rogue will give you Cunning Action; this will save you ki points for disengaging and dashing because Rogues can do some of these usually-ki-expending actions as a free bonus action. Rogues will also get Expertise for stealth bonuses to Shadow Monks. This is a great example of synergy that enhances a Monk’s abilities and ki conservation without overcrowding a character’s options.
Some of the biggest min/max builds in Dungeons and Dragons involve Paladins who dip into other classes. Paladins can multiclass into anything to gain more spell slots and abilities. Our caution: at what point are you no longer a Paladin? Think more about your character background with this multiclass and less about how much damage output you can achieve.
Art by SurugaMonkey, CC License
Things to Consider:
- Paladins utilize Charisma.
- Paladins are half spellcasters and could benefit from the addition of full spellcasters.
- Paladins have more prerequisites for multiclassing: Strength 13 and Charisma 13, plus whatever stat they need to meet with their new class.
- A Paladin’s Smite benefits from higher-level spell slots
Compatible Paladin Multiclasses:
With the addition of a Sorcerous Origin, Metamagic, and full spellcasting, this is a powerful build. Like Paladins, Sorcerers focus on Charisma, which means compatible stats for spellcasting.
- We recommend taking at least three levels of Sorcerer to gain the “Quickened Spell” Metamagic option, which will allow a Paladin to attack AND cast a spell as a bonus action.
- Add additional damage for Divine Smite using higher spell slots from the Sorcerer addition.
- You will also want to take at least three levels in Sorcerer in order to gain second-level spells. As written by Gastronomie on Giant in the Playground, a Sorcerer can gain the second-level spell Hold Person and cast it as a bonus action with Quickened Spell. If the spell succeeds, the target is paralyzed, which means any melee weapon hit is an automatic critical hit. Then, with his action, a Paladin/Sorcerer can make a melee weapon attack and auto-crit. Add in Smite, and this is an incredible amount of damage.
With individual spell slots per class, and utilizing Charisma fully, a Paladin/Warlock is a great multiclass option that could provide for some interesting backstory and character development. Focus on spellcasting abilities and Invocations that supplement your melee attacks.
- Warlocks are unique in that their spell slots return after only a short rest. Paladins who require spell slots for Smiting are at a huge advantage by gaining a few Warlock spell slots.
- Paladins could benefit from Warlock’s Invocations that provide ranged attacks, but other Invocations could provide much more enticing utility, in and out of battle.
- Many Warlock spells do not require concentration, such as Mirror Image, Armor of Agathys, or Arms of Hadar. These can buff your Paladin/Warlock in battle significantly without compromising utility.
See our powerful Aasimar Paladin/Warlock build (with a dash of Rogue)
Notable Paladin Multiclasses
Also utilizing Charisma for spellcasting, a full-casting Bard is a great class to add into a Paladin build. Gaining higher-level spell slots to expend on Smite and skills such as Jack of All Trades, you really can’t go wrong with a Paladin/Bard. Choose a Bardic college at level three to increase damage output, utility, or the appearance of an honorable leader.
- College of Lore provides three additional skills and the ability to negate a foe’s damage dealt or skill check.
- College of Satire gives many benefits that a Rogue would grant, such as Thieve’s Tools proficiencies and Cunning Action, as well as a climbing speed and reduced fall damage.
- College of Swords provides additional damage and attack utility.
- College of Whispers deals psychic damage with a weapon attack and helps you to frighten a creature
The Ranger is a functional class that has pretty solid utility while still open to diverse development with the right multiclass. On their own, Rangers can be regrettably one-dimensional, but with the addition of the right skills, they can really shine.
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Things to Consider:
- Rangers multiclassing have quite a few prerequisites: they need Dexterity 13, Wisdom 13, and to meet whatever stat the new class requires.
- Rangers use Wisdom for spellcasting.
- Rangers are half spellcasters.
- Hunter’s Mark is very useful and applied to all attacks. Focus on a multiclass that grants multiple attacks.
Compatible Ranger Multiclasses:
Rogue and Ranger are very compatible with Dexterity as a main stat.
- Taking three levels in Rogue, a character can choose the Rogue Scout archetype. This will enhance any Ranger’s monster-hunting utility.
With the addition of Action Surge and a supplementary Fighting Style, a Ranger/Fighter will gain an additional action per rest, allowing Hunter’s Mark to rack up, and possible extra damage or AC boost. Ranger/Fighters will also gain proficiency in Heavy Armor, which can be beneficial.
This can be a powerful build. Use your bonus action to dual wield, utilizing Hunter’s Mark more effectively. You’ll use two light melee weapons and get two uses of hunters mark per turn. Stack this with a Ranger’s Extra Attack, and you’ve got 2x attacks per turn. Then Smite!
See our Ranger Paladin Multiclass Analysis article for our take on which archetypes and Oaths blend best.
With the addition of spells, heavy armor proficiency, and some cool Domain abilities, adding in a few levels of Cleric to a Ranger can only help.
Notable Ranger Multiclasses:
There are many directions you could go with this, but the most impactful one would be a Hexblade Pact. This build pays off after a few rounds, as the following abilities take some actions and bonus actions to set up.
- With the Hexblade Pact, for one minute, the Hexblade’s Curse will add your proficiency bonus to weapon damage. Also, critical hit at 19 or 20. Combine this with Hunter’s Mark and Extra Attack for great damage.
- Additional Invocations can increase utility or damage and provide unique character development.
See our magic-based archer multiclass “Hexarcher” here.
Rogues are versatile and combine well with just about any other class. However, while Rogues can gain useful abilities through multiclassing, Rogues generally do well on their own. Take note of what you’ll miss out on by multiclassing before you take the plunge.
Take a deeper plunge into multiclassing Rogues in this article.
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Things to Consider:
- The more levels of Rogue you have, the more Sneak Attack damage you’ll deal.
- Rogues get many skills and Expertise in skills, which still focusing on damage output. Let your multiclass focus on damage output as well, or ways that you can bolster your damage.
- Rogues only gain Sneak Attack when they have advantage or a flanking friend. Some multiclasses will help you gain advantage without sacrificing too many levels of Rogue or other Rogue qualities.
Compatible Rogue Multiclasses:
Gain a second Fighting Style, an Action Surge, and, if you take three levels, a helpful archetype. Take five levels for an Extra Attack and an additional ability score improvement, but risk dampening your Sneak Attack. Armor proficiencies may or may not help here, as it is sometimes disadvantageous to stealth in medium armor.
See our Ultimate 5e Rogue Fighter Multiclass Guide for an in-depth analysis on how Rogue and Fighter synergize.
- Take three levels of Fighter and choose the Battle Master archetype. Feinting will give you advantage as a bonus action against a foe with an addition of 1d8 damage. Riposte will allow you to attack a foe that misses you outside of your turn, allowing you to add your Sneak Attack and the extra 1d8 damage.
- Pair Action Surge with the Assassin archetype for major damage output.
- See our Rogue/Fighter build here, in which we analyze the maximum damage on a first turn at level 16 (spoiler alert, it’s over 250).
Notable Rogue Multiclasses:
Both classes gain Expertise. If you want a character that has many skill proficiencies and high rolls with those skills, I highly recommend a Rogue/Bard multiclass. Swashbuckler Rogues will benefit from the Charisma investment that comes with Bard levels. Arcane Trickster Rogues will gain more spells and spell slots in thanks to the full spellcaster levels of the Bard.
These two classes share many thematic similarities that lend well to roleplaying choices. There are many subclass archetypes that can lend well to one another. I recommend keeping an eye on which subclasses of Bard will not use bonus actions too often because Rogues have the Cunning Action feature that uses their bonus action. In this context, the Bardic College of Swords (XgtE) and the College of Valor (PHB) look to be strong multiclasses for any Rogue.
I wish to note that we previously suggested that Reliable Talent could stack with Jack of All Trades, but it has been clarified in Sage Advice’s 2019 Compendium that this combination will not work.
This is a multiclass that could possibly maximize your character.
- Take the Cleric Grave Domain to get Channel Divinity in order to mark someone so that they take double damage. As a Rogue assassin, you could potentially do up to hundreds of damage.
- Example: see our Assassin of the Grave build.
Similar to but less damage-dealing than Wizards, Sorcerers are full spellcasters with little defense (no armor proficiencies). With the addition of sorcery points and Metamagic, Sorcerers have a few Strengths over Wizards to balance out their weaker spellcasting.
Art by BiPiCado, CC License
Things to Consider:
- Sorcerers utilize Charisma for spellcasting
- Sorcerers are full spellcasters
- Sorcerers start with no armor proficiencies
- The Sorcerer as a core class seems to shine brightest in a support role. Make this your focus when multiclassing. If you want to be a min/max player, we recommend you find a new core class. Dorgenedge on Reddit makes a great argument for this and how to play a Sorcerer.
- Focus on buffs and aiding your teammates, and you’ll surmount any spellcaster in utility.
Compatible Sorcerer Multiclasses:
This is a nice combination, as Warlocks regain spell slots on a short rest. Also, both classes use Charisma for spellcasting, and Warlocks come with their own spell slots.
- We recommend taking the Pact of the Tome to learn three additional cantrips from any class’s spell list for free.
- Archfey is a beneficial Patron, and you will gain great utility spells unavailable to Sorcerers, like Faerie Fire and Calm Emotions. Fey Presence is a great way to take enemies out of the battle temporarily.
- Hexblade provides armor proficiencies and a few spells. This is a good compromise for gaining melee abilities in case you’re in a bind.
- The Raven Queen grants access to the Sanctuary spell, which is a great buff for your allies. You will also gain utility through Sentinel Raven.
- Look for Invocations that provide utility or buffs.
Notable Sorcerer Multiclasses:
Clerics provide armor proficiencies, domain spells, and extra utility. You basically can’t go wrong with a Sorcerer/Cleric combination. However, Clerics utilize Wisdom for spellcasting instead of Charisma, which may weaken your utility slightly.
- Focus on Cleric Domains that provide additional support abilities.
Taking one or two levels in Fighter is a perfect way to gain defense without compromising too many levels in Sorcerer. Gain Action Surge for the chance to cast an additional non-bonus action spell on a turn, which is imperative when buffing or debuffing in battle.
- We recommend taking fewer than three levels, as there is not really any synergetic Fighter archetype to a Sorcerer.
This build is powerful when a Paladin is the core class, but, since Paladins are half-spellcasters, this can dampen a Sorcerer’s spellcasting abilities.
- By gaining light and medium armor and shield proficiencies, a Sorcerer/Paladin finds a way to defend himself. Choose the Defense Fighting Style at level 2 to gain even more AC.
- Divine Sense is a nice ability that a Sorcerer wouldn’t get otherwise, as Detect Good and Evil is not among his spell list. Also, this ability utilizes Charisma, which a Sorcerer covets.
- Though Sorcerers often focus on spellcasting, a Sorcerer/Paladin could focus on weapon fighting and choose buff spells. However, at this point, I would recommend using Paladin as your core class and taking a few levels in Sorcerer. See the Paladin section for more details on why this is preferred.
- For a Sorcerer to focus on damage-dealing spells, we recommend taking only one level in Paladin for the proficiencies or finding another way to gain armor proficiencies.
Great damage dealers for melee or ranged attacks while also providing excellent utility with Invocations, a Warlock is a formidable class that could benefit from a few levels of the right multiclass.
Art by yuikami-da, CC License
Things to Consider:
- Warlocks utilize Charisma in spellcasting.
- Warlocks have their own set of spell slots when multiclassing with other spellcasters.
- Warlocks are proficient in light armor, but there are some Patrons and Invocations that provide additional armor proficiencies.
Compatible Warlock Multiclasses:
With two levels in Paladin, a Warlock will gain armor and shield proficiencies, Divine Sense, a Fighting Style, Lay on Hands, more spellcasting, and Smite.
- Armor and shield proficiencies will help defend your Warlock character.
- Divine Sense allows you to know if unworldly foes are around, which can combine well with the Warlock spell “Protection from Evil and Good.”
- A Fighting Style can help boost AC. You could also take the Close Quarters Shooter to bolster your ranged spell attacks, like Eldridge Blast.
- Lay on Hands won’t provide much healing at such a low Paladin level, but it can help in a bind.
- Recall that Warlocks have special spellcasting rules and get their own spell slots apart from spellcasters they multiclass with. However, you can use those spell slots to cast spells from the other class. This means that you can gain a few Paladin spells and cast them with your Warlock spell slots, up to fifth level. Also, both classes utilize Charisma for spellcasting, so your stats are compatible!
- Smite is key in this build. Smite benefits from high-level spell slots, which we just discussed. Warlocks won’t take a spell slot hit from multiclassing with another spellcaster, so you have plenty of high-level spell slots to use with Smite. Plus, Warlock regain spell slots with a short rest, giving you more uses of Smite than a typical Paladin.
With the addition of a Sorcerous Origin and Metamagic at 3rd level, and a few supplementary spells, a Warlock/Sorcerer can have some bolstered spells.
- Empowered Spell allows you to reroll damage dice.
- Extended Spell doubles a spell’s duration if it normally lasts one minute or longer, but the extended duration can’t exceed 24 hours.
- Quickened Spell allows you to cast two non-bonus action spells in one turn, provided one spell is a cantrip.
- Subtle Spell allows you to cast a spell without somatic or verbal components.
- Twinned Spell allows you to target more than one creature with a spell.
Notable Warlock Multiclasses:Wizard
Warlocks and Barbarians have some surprising synergetic components.
- Though a Warlock/Barbarian can’t cast a spell in Rage, he can still use non-spell Eldritch Invocations. You won’t get the rage bonus (that’s only for melee attacks), but you will get advantage on Strength checks and saving throws and resistances. Just remember you still have to deal or take damage to keep your rage.
- A Warlock/Barbarian will also gain Unarmored Defense, which could be valuable.
- Warlocks tend to stay out of melee battle, but a Barbarian multiclass could allow you to get right into the thick of it.
While this is a good multiclass, The Hexblade Patron provides the same proficiencies while also granting a Charisma modifier bonus to attacks and critical hits on a 19 or 20. However, if you wish to take a different Patron, a Warlock/Fighter multiclass can help bolster defense. Add in a Fighting Style and Action Surge, and you could find yourself with a great multiclass.
- Similar to Wizard, would it be more beneficial to take your first level in Fighter for the weapon, shield, armor and Constitution saving throw proficiencies; extra hit points; and equipment? Warlocks don’t require equipment for spell casting, so you would just be missing out on a few Warlock proficiencies, like saving throws and skills.
Things to Consider:
- Wizards excel with high level spells, so keep your multiclass low.
- A Wizard’s level 18 ability Spell Mastery is incredible. You don’t want to miss out on it.
Compatible Wizard Multiclasses:
Take one or two levels in Cleric to get armor proficiencies.
- One level with the Forge Domain from Xanathar’s Guide to Everything will grant heavy armor proficiencies as well as give a bonus to AC to a suit of armor until the end of your next long rest.
- Life Domain also allows a character to gain heavy armor proficiencies while also boosting healing spells.
- Order Domain gives heavy armor proficiency and allows an ally, when you cast a spell on that ally, to use a reaction to attack a creature that you can see.
- Look for other Cleric domains that provide armor proficiencies.
This combination will, again, provide proficiencies with armor, which will help a Wizard defend himself. Another cool feature is the use of Action Surge to cast two spells in a turn, provided neither spell is cast as a bonus action. Plus, a Wizard will gain just a few extra hit points with the Fighter levels she takes.
- One consideration is taking the level of Fighter first, then taking levels in Wizard. Fighters start with more hit points, better defense- and attack-based equipment, Strength and Constitution saving throws, and different skills than a Wizard, though some of them overlap.
- Wizard equipment like a spellbook and a components pouch can be acquired in-game, and starting on a quest to find those things could provide for fun role play.
Notable Wizard Multiclass:
Gaining proficiencies in light armor, a Wizard/Rogue will gain a much-needed boost in AC. Plus, additional skills gained are worthwhile: one skill from the Rogue’s skill list, thieves’ tools, Expertise, and, at second level, Cunning Action to help a defenseless Wizard effortlessly flee from foes.
- Additional Wizard/Rogue utility: take the Thief archetype and use Fast Hands to attempt, as a bonus action, to steal an enemy Wizard’s components or spell book to make them essentially useless. Bonus, you keep whatever you take!
Keeping in mind the three main reasons to multiclass (armor proficiencies, low-level class skills, character development), choosing the right combination is key. Before you multiclass, check with your DM about what level you’re going to reach in your campaign. If you don’t expect to gain those sweet high-level abilities, multiclassing could be a fun and powerful choice that improves your character’s utility and damage.
See all of our multiclass builds here.
Multiclass 5e ranger
Dungeons & Dragons: How To Multiclass As A Ranger
By Patrick TierneyUpdated
Rangers are the best trackers in Dungeons & Dragons, but if you want to increase your non-tracking ability, branching out can be helpful.
The Ranger class of D&D has a long and proud history. They are the hunters, survivalists, and leaders of their adventuring parties, and the class is versatile enough to take on almost any role. Rangers are the best trackers inDungeons & Dragons, but if you want to increase your non-tracking ability, or take on defensive or healing abilities, branching out can be helpful. Multiclassing can give a lot of benefits to the Ranger class, but not all classes work as well as others.
RELATED: Dungeons & Dragons: The Best Feats For A Ranger
Rangers are the players that often act as support for their party, acting as off-healers, protecting the slower, squishier casting classes, and carrying all the stuff. There's also your choice of Archetype, Fighting Styles, Favoured Enemy, and Feats to consider. It's the ideal combination class, but for those that want to specialize in some skills or branch out in others, multiclassing is an attractive option. Bear in mind that your Ranger must have an ability score of at least 13 in both Dexterity and Wisdom in order to multiclass.
Updated on August 12, 2021, by Kristy Ambrose: With all of the extra materials now available in various supplemental modules, compilations, and adventuring guides, along with the creative inventions that come from homebrew ideas, there's more information to consider when multiclassing your Ranger.
The class is getting more recognition as an ideal multiclass option, with abilities like Dexterity and Wisdom combining well with Rogues and Clerics, while those more interested in the natural side of Ranger life can look to Druids or Barbarians. If you think dual-classing is a better option, which only dips into a class for a level or two, remember that this choice is only available to Humans and Human Variants.
- Source: Tasha's Cauldron of Everything
- Main Benefits: An Artificer can craft equipment and cast spells to improve AC and combat abilities.
- Primary Ability Score: Intelligence
- Ideal Race: Gnome, Hobgoblin, Tiefling
Artificers can prepare any spells on their list that they have spell slots for, and have many utility spells to supplement the ranger’s nature-themed utility. They also have ritual casting, so even with limited Intelligence you should be able to prepare a few useful Ritual spells to use without using up limited spell slots. A second level gives Infusions, which can be worth taking for pure stat bonuses. The +1 bonus to armor is great, as are multiple swords with damage buffs for two-weapon fighting.
- Source: D&D Player's Handbook
- Main Benefits: Better options for weapons and armor along with better defensive abilities.
- Primary Ability Score: Strength
- Ideal Race: Dragonborn, Half-Orc, Leonin
If you’re one of the Rangers focusing on Strength, with the capacity to take damage and protect your party, a level or two of Barbarian can be useful. Rage is a very useful ability.
On the other hand, Rangers get a lot of combat potency from Hunter’s Mark and you won’t be able to concentrate on spells while raging. It’s probably not worth it to take any more than one level since you probably won’t have the hit points to make up for the hits you’ll be taking while using Reckless Attack.
- Source:D&D Player's Handbook
- Main Benefits: Sneaking skills, better single target damage, and an increased number of spellcasting slots.
- Primary Ability Score: Charisma
- Ideal Race: Human, Half-Elf, Lightfoot Halfling
Rangers can serve as utility strikers, which means they're good at single-target damage, sneaking, using skills, and providing spell utility. Bards help out with that and boost available spell slots too.
Bardic Inspiration and Song of Rest are good for the party, if not particularly good for a ranger, and Jack of All Trades is great. Expertise is great as well, but if you’re not taking the College of Lore subclass for the bonus proficiencies, multiclassing into Rogue is a much cheaper way to get Expertise.
- Source: D&D Player's Handbook
- Main Benefits: Access to Cleric spells for healing and defense along with the ability to cast Ritual Spells.
- Primary Ability Score: Wisdom
- Ideal Race: Human, Firbolg, Kenku
As a Ranger, you’ll likely have a decent enough Wisdom score to power Cleric abilities. You’ll gain access to any Cleric spells that you have spell slots for, and similar to Artificers, you’ll be able to prepare some ritual spells to boost your utility.
RELATED: Dungeons & Dragons: How To Multiclass As A Fighter
Since rangers are so versatile, different Divine Domains can be useful depending on what kind of ranger you are building. One or two levels of Knowledge Domainare good for skill-based rangers. One or two levels of War Domain are good for damage rangers who don’t use two-weapon fighting. A level of Light Domain or Forge Domain is good for just about anyone.
- Source: D&D Player's Handbook
- Main Benefits: Access to Druid spells and Ritual Spells along with Wild Shape ability.
- Primary Ability Score: Wisdom
- Ideal Race: Firbolg, Human, Kenku
The primary advantage of this multiclass is to get access to any spells that Druids have slots for. Many utility spells, especially the Ritual Spells, overlap somewhat with Ranger spells.
Druids do have some unique spells that can be very useful to drop at the beginning of combat to drastically change a battle, so it’s not a total wash. Wild Shape can be good for infiltration, which is a handy ability for a Ranger, and Flying Animals is also handy but it's not available until the eighth level.
- Source: D&D Player's Handbook
- Main Benefits: A second Fighting Style and the Action Surge ability.
- Primary Ability Score: Strength or Dexterity
- Ideal Race: Human, Dragonborn, Halfling
Taking two levels of Fighter does a lot for a Ranger. A second Fighting Style is great for Rangers who want to be good in a fight up close and from afar. At the second level, Action Surge benefits Rangers a lot when combined with Hunter’s Mark.
If you want to invest more levels into Fighter, Champion is great to dip into for two-weapon fighting Rangers, Arcane Archer for Rangers that specialize in ranged damage, and Battle Master for any melee Rangers.
- Source: D&D Player's Handbook
- Main Benefits: Increased unarmed damage abilities with skills like Martial Arts.
- Primary Ability Score: Wisdom
- Ideal Race: Human, Aarakocra, Kenku
Dexterity and Wisdom are the two most important ability scores for only two classes, Rangers and Monks. There are some great benefits to this multiclass, provided you don't mind giving up some AC points since Monks are not allowed to wear any kind of armor.
The Monk skill of Unarmed Defense can help negate this danger, and if you have a higher Wisdom score, that also might help you avoid some damage.
- Source:D&D Player's Handbook
- Main Benefits: Increased damage-dealing abilities along with extra melee weapon skills and helpful healing and protection spells.
- Primary Ability Score: Charisma, Strength
- Ideal Race: Human, Tiefling, Dragonborn
Rangers do a lot of damage over multiple turns, and Paladins do a lot of damage all at once. Together they do a whole lot of damage but only at the price of relying on four separate ability scores. This can work just as well for multi-class or dual-class builds.
RELATED: Dungeons & Dragons: How To Multiclass As A Paladin
One level into the Paladin gets you some basic utility spells, and two levels get you the Paladin spell list and Divine Smite for burst damage. Three levels give a paladin Sacred Oath, some of which work well with certain Rangers. Be aware, Sacred Oaths have more built-in roleplaying than most subclasses, so don’t take them for abilities alone.
- Source: D&D Player's Handbook
- Main Benefits: A number of complementary skills based on your Dexterity score, like Sneak Attack and Expertise.
- Primary Ability Score: Dexterity
- Ideal Race: Kenku, Aarakocra, Halfling
Rangers and Rogues are two Dexterity-based martial classes that work well together. Expertise is great for Rangers who want to serve as the party’s skill monkey and Rogues get it with only one level. Sneak Attack damage will be minimal at 1d6, but it’s a nice bonus on top of all the other nice bits of bonus damage you get as a ranger.
If you want more than one level in Rogue, take three and pick the Scout Archetype. It helps you be a great mobile archer and helps you act like a superhuman survivalist and tracker.
- Source: D&D Player's Handbook
- Main Benefits: Access to Sorcerer spellcasting abilities like Metamagic.
- Primary Ability Score: Charisma
- Ideal Race: Human, Tiefling, Half-Elf
Many Ranger spells are utility spells that are intended for healing or defense and they don't benefit much fromMetamagic, which is one of the main draws of the sorcerer class. Dual-class just to get a level or two of gnarly spellcasting abilities and a unique backstory.
RELATED: Dungeons & Dragons: How To Multiclass As A Warlock
Sorcerers get a lot of subclass flavor at first level, so taking a single level for roleplaying reasons isn’t terrible.
- Source:D&D Player's Handbook
- Main Benefits: Access to some Warlock spells and increased melee damage ability depending on your subclass.
- Primary Ability Score: Charisma
- Ideal Race: Tiefling, Dragonborn, Human
Warlocks also get a subclass at fist level, so this can also be an interesting dual-class option. The Fiend synergizes well with hunter’s mark and other ranger abilities that help you focus on crowds of enemies. The Hexblade works well with two-weapon Rangers since the curse gives benefits that increase with multiple weapon attacks.
A second level lets you pick Invocations, a number of which are useful for Rangers who want to focus on utility.
- Source: D&D Player's Handbook
- Main Benefits: Access to the Wizard's spellcasting abilities, including Ritual Casting.
- Primary Ability Score: Intelligence
- Ideal Race: Human, Half-Elf, Gnome
You won’t get many spells from this multiclass unless there are a few first-level spells you absolutely need. There are also some interesting RP options here depending on the race and Arcane Tradition you choose.
Wizards do get the best ritual casting in the game due to the fact that you don’t even need to prepare the spell, but you do need to spend some time hunting down Ritual Spells to copy down into your spellbook.
NEXT: Dungeons & Dragons: All Official Ranger Subclasses, Ranked
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Multiclassing allows you to gain levels in multiple classes. Doing so lets you mix the abilities of those classes to realize a character concept that might not be reflected in one of the standard class options.
With this rule, you have the option of gaining a level in a new class whenever you advance in level, instead of gaining a level in your current class. Your levels in all your classes are added together to determine your character level. For example, if you have three levels in wizard and two in fighter, you're a 5th-level character.
As you advance in levels, you might primarily remain a member of your original class with just a few levels in another class, or you might change course entirely, never looking back at the class you left behind. You might even start progressing in a third or fourth class. Compared to a single-class character of the same level, you'll sacrifice some focus in exchange for versatility.
To qualify for a new class, you must meet the ability score prerequisites for both your current class and your new one, as shown in the Multiclassing Prerequisites table. For example, a barbarian who decides to multiclass into the druid class must have both Strength and Wisdom scores of 13 or higher. Without the full training that a beginning character receives, you must be a quick study in your new class, having a natural aptitude that is reflected by higher-than-average ability scores.
|Class||Ability Score Minimum|
|Fighter||Strength 13 or Dexterity 13|
|Monk||Dexterity 13 and Wisdom 13|
|Paladin||Strength 13 and Charisma 13|
|Ranger||Dexterity 13 and Wisdom 13|
The experience point cost to gain a level is always based on your total character level, as shown in the Character Advancement table, not your level in a particular class. So, if you are a cleric 6/fighter 1, you must gain enough XP to reach 8th level before you can take your second level as a fighter or your seventh level as a cleric.
Hit Points and Hit Dice
You gain the hit points from your new class as described for levels after 1st. You gain the 1st-level hit points for a class only when you are a 1st-level character.
You add together the Hit Dice granted by all your classes to form your pool of Hit Dice. If the Hit Dice are the same die type, you can simply pool them together. For example, both the fighter and the paladin have a d10, so if you are a paladin 5/fighter 5, you have ten d10 Hit Dice. If your classes give you Hit Dice of different types, keep track of them separately. If you are a paladin 5/cleric 5, for example, you have five d10 Hit Dice and five d8 Hit Dice.
Your proficiency bonus is always based on your total character level, not your level in a particular class. For example, if you are a fighter 3/rogue 2, you have the proficiency bonus of a 5th-level character, which is +3.
When you gain your first level in a class other than your initial class, you gain only some of new class's starting proficiencies, as shown in the Multiclassing Proficiencies table.
|Barbarian||Shields, simple weapons, martial weapons|
|Bard||Light armor, one skill of your choice, one musical instrument of your choice|
|Cleric||Light armor, medium armor, shields|
|Druid||Light armor, medium armor, shields (druids will not wear armor or use shields made of metal)|
|Fighter||Light armor, medium armor, shields, simple weapons, martial weapons|
|Monk||Simple weapons, shortswords|
|Paladin||Light armor, medium armor, shields, simple weapons, martial weapons|
|Ranger||Light armor, medium armor, shields, simple weapons, martial weapons, one skill from the class's skill list|
|Rogue||Light armor, one skill from the class's skill list, thieves' tools|
|Warlock||Light armor, simple weapons|
When you gain a new level in a class, you get its features for that level. You don't, however, receive the class's starting equipment, and a few features have additional rules when you're multiclassing: Channel Divinity, Extra Attack, Unarmored Defense, and Spellcasting.
If you already have the Channel Divinity feature and gain a level in a class that also grants the feature, you gain the Channel Divinity effects granted by that class, but getting the feature again doesn't give you an additional use of it. You gain additional uses only when you reach a class level that explicitly grants them to you. For example, if you are a cleric 6/paladin 4, you can use Channel Divinity twice between rests because you are high enough level in the cleric class to have more uses. Whenever you use the feature, you can choose any of the Channel Divinity effects available to you from your two classes.
If you gain the Extra Attack class feature from more than one class, the features don't add together. You can't make more than two attacks with this feature unless it says you do (as the fighter's version of Extra Attack does). Similarly, the warlock's eldritch invocation Thirsting Blade doesn't give you additional attacks if you also have Extra Attack.
If you already have the Unarmored Defense feature, you can't gain it again from another class.
Your capacity for spellcasting depends partly on your combined levels in all your spellcasting classes and partly on your individual levels in those classes. Once you have the Spellcasting feature from more than one class, use the rules below. If you multiclass but have the Spellcasting feature from only one class, you follow the rules as described in that class.
Spells Known and Prepared. You determine what spells you know and can prepare for each class individually, as if you were a single-classed member of that class. If you are a ranger 4/wizard 3, for example, you know three 1st-level ranger spells based on your levels in the ranger class. As 3rd-level wizard, you know three wizard cantrips, and your spellbook contains ten wizard spells, two of which (the two you gained when you reached 3rd level as a wizard) can be 2nd-level spells. If your Intelligence is 16, you can prepare six wizard spells from your spellbook.
Each spell you know and prepare is associated with one of your classes, and you use the spellcasting ability of that class when you cast the spell. Similarly, a spellcasting focus, such as a holy symbol, can be used only for the spells from the class associated with that focus.
Spell Slots. You determine your available spell slots by adding together all your levels in the bard, cleric, druid, sorcerer, and wizard classes, and half your levels (rounded down) in the paladin and ranger classes. Use this total to determine your spell slots by consulting the Multiclass Spellcaster table.
If you have more than one spellcasting class, this table might give you spell slots of a level that is higher than the spells you know or can prepare. You can use those slots, but only to cast your lower-level spells. If a lower-level spell that you cast, like burning hands, has an enhanced effect when cast using a higher-level slot, you can use the enhanced effect, even though you don't have any spells of that higher level.
For example, if you are the aforementioned ranger 4/wizard 3, you count as a 5th-level character when determining your spell slots: you have four 1st-level slots, three 2nd-level slots, and two 3rd-level slots. However, you don't know any 3rd-level spells, nor do you know any 2nd-level ranger spells. You can use the spell slots of those levels to cast the spells you do know — and potentially enhance their effects.
Pact Magic. If you have both the Spellcasting class feature and the Pact Magic class feature from the warlock class, you can use the spell slots you gain from the Pact Magic feature to cast spells you know or have prepared from classes with the Spellcasting class feature, and you can use the spell slots you gain from the Spellcasting class feature to cast warlock spells you know.
Multiclass Spellcaster: Spell Slots per Spell Level
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